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See also: "United States Senate election in Illinois, 1998

Fitzgerald announced his intention to challenge "Democratic incumbent U.S. Senator "Carol Moseley Braun in the 1998 election. He faced "Illinois Comptroller "Loleta Didrickson in the Republican primary. Didrickson had the support of the state Republican party, including Governor "Jim Edgar and former Republican presidential nominee "Bob Dole, who served as her national campaign chairman.[6] A hard-fought "primary ensued, and Fitzgerald narrowly defeated the establishment candidate, becoming the Republican nominee.

Despite great support from Republicans and Independents, he had alienated some of the party establishment during the primary. Meanwhile, Braun was helped by notable Democrats such as "First Lady "Hillary Clinton and U.S. Congressman "Luis V. Gutierrez; final polling had the candidates running even.[7] Fitzgerald defeated the first-term Senator "Carol Moseley Braun in the general election, by a 2.9% margin.

He was the first Republican in Illinois to win a U.S. Senate race in 20 years and the only Republican challenger in the country to defeat an incumbent Democratic senator in the "1998 election cycle.

Senate tenure[edit]

Fitzgerald had two major moments in the spotlight in the Senate, the first in 2000 when he "filibustered a massive federal spending bill because it included funds for the "Lincoln Presidential Library in Springfield. He accused Republican governor "George Ryan, who later served a six-and-a-half-year prison sentence on a corruption conviction, of opposing competitive bidding so he could dole money to political allies, saying "I want Illinois to get a $150 million (Abraham Lincoln) library, not a $50 million library that just happens to cost $150 million."[8] His second major moment was following the "September 11, 2001 attacks, when Congress quickly passed a massive bailout measure for most of the major airlines, which were in trouble financially. Standing alone out of all members of the U.S. Senate, Fitzgerald delivered a speech, "Who will bail out the American taxpayer",[9] arguing that the airlines would simply go through the money and remain financially unstable. The bill passed 99-1.

Fitzgerald is a staunch conservative on such issues as "opposition to abortion (except to save the life of the mother), "gay marriage and taxes, but on some issues, particularly environmental issues, he opposed drilling in the "Arctic National Wildlife Refuge throughout his tenure in the US Senate and broke with conservative colleagues. Fitzgerald also supported "reasonable" "gun control, "immigration reform and the "McCain-Feingold "campaign finance reform legislation.

Throughout his tenure in the Senate, Fitzgerald battled with the state Republican Party leadership. He insisted on the appointment of an out-of-state "US attorney, "Patrick Fitzgerald (unrelated[10]) to investigate corruption in the Illinois state government. Though state party officials wanted a "friendly" attorney for Illinois, Fitzgerald insisted on someone who did not have friends or enemies in the Illinois government. Several indictments resulted, including that of former Republican "Governor "George Ryan, who was later convicted of several criminal "abuses of authority, and Democratic "Governor "Rod Blagojevich, who was convicted of attempting to sell the "Senate seat vacated by Fitzgerald's successor and "President-elect "Barack Obama. The appointment was seen as a key step in destroying Illinois' reputation as politically corrupt. Here it would be relevant to mention the, "Operation Safe Road" scandal.[11][12]

When the Republican establishment made clear that they would not be support him for reelection, Fitzgerald announced he would retire at the end of his current term. Republicans nominated "Jack Ryan for the seat in the primaries. However, Ryan was later pressured by the Illinois Republican Party to withdraw because of publicity received from the contents of his previously-sealed divorce case. Fitzgerald stood by Ryan and supported him, despite the pressure from the media and the Illinois Republican party on Ryan to withdraw. Just 86 days before the election, the party drafted Maryland native "Alan Keyes as the nominee. Keyes was accused of ""carpetbagging,"[13][14][15][16] and was defeated by "Barack Obama by more than 40 percent of the vote. It has been stated, ironically, that Fitzgerald, who was popular among independents, stood the best chance of retaining the seat and defeating Obama, who went on to win the presidential election just four years later.[12] During his final months in office, "Fox News ran an op-ed on Fitzgerald, "Retiring Senator Stood Up for Principles."[17]

Post-political career[edit]

Fitzgerald is Chairman of "Chain Bridge Bank, N.A. in "McLean, Virginia.[18][19] He serves on the Board of Trustees of the "National Constitution Center in "Philadelphia, which is a museum dedicated to the "U.S. Constitution.[20]

Electoral history[edit]


  1. ^ "Subscription Center". Retrieved 1 April 2016. 
  2. ^ Thomas Heath (27 March 2015). "The long odds of starting a local bank: Recession, interest rates deplete ranks". Washington Post. Retrieved 1 April 2016. 
  3. ^ "GERALD FITZGERALD Obituary - Palatine, IL | Chicago Suburban Daily Herald". Retrieved 2015-03-17. 
  4. ^ a b Birger, Jon (May 13, 2009). "A banker of the old school". "Fortune. Retrieved May 22, 2015. 
  5. ^ Strahler, Steven (May 20, 1995). "Young and Restless;Meet GOP's Fab 5". "Crains Chicago Business. "Chicago. Retrieved February 21, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Illinois Senate: The Candidates". " September 16, 1998. Retrieved October 28, 2010. 
  7. ^ Belluck, Pam (1998-11-03). "THE 1998 CAMPAIGN - ILLINOIS - Moseley-Braun, Trailing, Pushes Hard". Illinois: Retrieved 2015-04-04. 
  8. ^ Fund, John (March 2009). "LaHood's Neighborhood". The American Spectator. Arlington, Virginia, USA: 60–61. 
  9. ^ [1] Archived January 8, 2005, at the "Wayback Machine.
  10. ^ "Fitzgerald: Rove tried to limit choice". Chicago Tribune. 2007-03-14. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 
  11. ^ "Operation Safe Road" scandal[2][3][4]
  12. ^ a b "'He put the blindfold back on justice in Chicago'". tribunedigital-chicagotribune. Retrieved 1 April 2016. 
  13. ^ "Mr. Keyes the Carpetbagger". The Washington Post. 2004-08-09. Retrieved 2007-10-04. 
  14. ^ "Ill. GOP Watches Take-No-Prisoners Campaign". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2007-10-03. 
  15. ^ "In Illinois, Obama defeats Keyes in race called 1 of the strangest in state's history". Archived from the original on 17 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-03. 
  16. ^ Keyes had strongly accused "Hillary Clinton in 2000 for carpetbagging in New York. Alan Keyes on the Tavis Smiley Show (NPR)
  17. ^ "Retiring Senator Stood Up for Principles". "Fox News. Retrieved 1 April 2016. 
  18. ^ "We're everywhere your mobile device is ™". Retrieved 2015-03-17. 
  19. ^ "One Bank’s Business Built on GOP Cash : Roll Call Politics". Retrieved 2015-03-17.  C1 control character in |title= at position 9 ("help)
  20. ^ "National Constitution Center, Board of Trustees". National Constitution Center Web Site. National Constitution Center. 2010-07-26. Archived from the original on 2010-07-26. Retrieved 2010-07-27. 

External links[edit]

"Illinois Senate
Preceded by
"Virginia B. MacDonald
"Illinois State Senator from 27th district
January 13, 1993 – November 16, 1998
Succeeded by
"Wendell E. Jones
"United States Senate
Preceded by
"Carol Moseley Braun
"U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Illinois
January 6, 1999 – January 3, 2005
Served alongside: "Richard Durbin
Succeeded by
"Barack Obama
Party political offices
Preceded by
"Richard Williamson
"Republican Party nominee for "United States Senator from Illinois
(Class 3)

Succeeded by
"Jack Ryan
"Alan Keyes
(general election)
Honorary titles
Preceded by
"Rick Santorum
"Youngest Member of the United States Senate
Succeeded by
"John E. Sununu
) )