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Peter Marler
Born (1928-02-24)February 24, 1928[1]
"Slough, "England
Died July 5, 2014(2014-07-05) (aged 86)
"Davis, California
Alma mater
Awards
Scientific career
Institutions "University of California, Davis
"Theses

Peter Robert Marler "ForMemRS (February 24, 1928 – July 5, 2014)[1] was a British-born American "ethologist known for his research on animal language and the science of "bird song. A 1964 "Guggenheim Fellow,[2][3][4][5] he was emeritus professor of neurobiology, physiology and ethology at the "University of California, Davis.[6]

Contents

Education[edit]

Born in "Slough, England,[7] Marler graduated from "University College London with a BSc in 1948, and a Ph.D. in Botany in 1952. In 1954, he graduated from the "University of Cambridge with a second Ph.D. in zoology.["citation needed]

Career[edit]

From 1954 to 1956, he worked as a research assistant to "William Homan Thorpe and "Robert Hinde at "Jesus College, Cambridge. In 1957, he became a professor at the "University of California, Berkeley. In 1966, he became a professor at "Rockefeller University, in 1969 became director of the Institute for Research in Animal Behavior, a collaboration between the "New York Zoological Society (now the "Wildlife Conservation Society) and "Rockefeller University and in 1972 became director of the Field Research Center for Ethology and Ecology.

In 1989, Marler became a professor at the "University of California, Davis. He retired in 1994, but took over the management of the local Center for Animal Behavior from 1996 to 2000. He died on July 5, 2014 of pneumonia while his family was evacuated from his Winters home because of the nearby Monticello wildfire.[8]

Research[edit]

Marler was an internationally recognized researcher in the field of "bird song.[9][10][11][12] Through his work with "songbirds, he helped gain fundamental insights into the acquisition of song. He also studied the development of communication skills in several "primate species: "chimpanzees and "gorillas, along with "Jane Goodall and "Hugo van Lawick, and the southern green monkey, in collaboration with Tom Struhsaker, "Dorothy Cheney and "Robert Seyfarth. His work greatly informed our understanding of memory, learning, and the importance of auditory and social experience. His work group included many well-known ornithologist and behavioral scientists, including "Masakazu Konishi, "Fernando Nottebohm, Susan Peters, Don Kroodsma, Bill Searcy, Steve Nowicki, Ken Yasukawa, and "John Wingfield.

Awards and honours[edit]

Marler was elected a "Foreign Member of the Royal Society (ForMemRS) in 2008. His nomination reads:

Selected publications[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Nottebohm, Fernando (2014). ""Peter Marler". Nature. 512 (372). "doi:10.1038/512372a. 
  2. ^ "Peter Robert Marler - John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation". Gf.org. Archived from the original on 2014-02-26. Retrieved 2014-07-09. 
  3. ^ Peter Marler Papers at Special Collections Dept., University Library, University of California, Davis
  4. ^ Article on the Monticello Fire and Peter Marler's Passing
  5. ^ Peter Marler's publications indexed by the "Scopus bibliographic database, a service provided by "Elsevier. (subscription required)
  6. ^ "Peter Marler". Biosci3.ucdavis.edu. 2010-05-21. Retrieved 2014-07-09. 
  7. ^ Vitello, Paul (July 27, 2014). "Peter Marler, Graphic Decoder of Birdsong, Dies at 86". The New York Times. Retrieved July 29, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Obituary: UC Davis scientist Peter Marler, 86, pioneered research on how birds 'talk' - Obituaries - The Sacramento Bee". Sacbee.com. 2014-07-08. Retrieved 2014-07-09. 
  9. ^ Seyfarth, R. M.; Cheney, D. L.; Marler, P (1980). "Monkey responses to three different alarm calls: Evidence of predator classification and semantic communication". Science. 210 (4471): 801–3. "doi:10.1126/science.7433999. "PMID 7433999. 
  10. ^ Partan, S; Marler, P (1999). "Communication goes multimodal". Science. 283 (5406): 1272–3. "doi:10.1126/science.283.5406.1272. "PMID 10084931. 
  11. ^ Seyfarth, R. M.; Cheney, D. L.; Marler, P. (1980). "Vervet monkey alarm calls: Semantic communication in a free-ranging primate". Animal Behaviour. 28 (4): 1070–1094. "doi:10.1016/S0003-3472(80)80097-2. 
  12. ^ Marler, P. (1955). "Characteristics of Some Animal Calls". Nature. 176 (4470): 6–8. "doi:10.1038/176006a0. 
  13. ^ "EC/2008/49: Marler, Peter Robert". London: The Royal Society. Archived from the original on 2014-08-28. 

External links[edit]

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