February 24, 1928|
|Died||July 5, 2014
|Institutions||"University of California, Davis|
Peter Robert Marler "ForMemRS (February 24, 1928 – July 5, 2014) was a British-born American "ethologist known for his research on animal language and the science of "bird song. A 1964 "Guggenheim Fellow, he was emeritus professor of neurobiology, physiology and ethology at the "University of California, Davis.
Born in "Slough, England, Marler graduated from "University College London with a BSc in 1948, and a Ph.D. in Botany in 1952. In 1954, he graduated from the "University of Cambridge with a second Ph.D. in zoology.["citation needed]
From 1954 to 1956, he worked as a research assistant to "William Homan Thorpe and "Robert Hinde at "Jesus College, Cambridge. In 1957, he became a professor at the "University of California, Berkeley. In 1966, he became a professor at "Rockefeller University, in 1969 became director of the Institute for Research in Animal Behavior, a collaboration between the "New York Zoological Society (now the "Wildlife Conservation Society) and "Rockefeller University and in 1972 became director of the Field Research Center for Ethology and Ecology.
In 1989, Marler became a professor at the "University of California, Davis. He retired in 1994, but took over the management of the local Center for Animal Behavior from 1996 to 2000. He died on July 5, 2014 of pneumonia while his family was evacuated from his Winters home because of the nearby Monticello wildfire.
Marler was an internationally recognized researcher in the field of "bird song. Through his work with "songbirds, he helped gain fundamental insights into the acquisition of song. He also studied the development of communication skills in several "primate species: "chimpanzees and "gorillas, along with "Jane Goodall and "Hugo van Lawick, and the southern green monkey, in collaboration with Tom Struhsaker, "Dorothy Cheney and "Robert Seyfarth. His work greatly informed our understanding of memory, learning, and the importance of auditory and social experience. His work group included many well-known ornithologist and behavioral scientists, including "Masakazu Konishi, "Fernando Nottebohm, Susan Peters, Don Kroodsma, Bill Searcy, Steve Nowicki, Ken Yasukawa, and "John Wingfield.
Marler was elected a "Foreign Member of the Royal Society (ForMemRS) in 2008. His nomination reads:
|“||Peter Marler is an extraordinarily distinguished behavioural biologist. He and his many graduate students, post doctoral workers and colleagues have played a central role in elucidating mechanisms of development of behaviour and the brain. In particular, Marler is known for his work on the development of bird song, showing the subtle interactions between environmental influences and an individual's predispositions. This work has had a far reaching impact on studies of development in behaviour, linguistics, and psychology. Marler's outstanding contributions have been recognized by many prizes, memberships of acaedemies and other awards.||”|