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Main articles: "First Newcastle Ministry and "Second Newcastle Ministry

On the death of Pelham in 1754 Hardwicke obtained for Newcastle the post of "prime minister, and for reward was created earl of Hardwicke and Viscount Royston; and when in November 1756 the weakness of the ministry and the threatening aspect of foreign affairs compelled Newcastle to resign, Hardwicke retired with him. He played a part in negotiating the coalition between Newcastle and "Pitt in 1757, when he accepted a seat in Pitt's cabinet without returning to the "woolsack. After the accession of "George III Hardwicke opposed the ministry of "Lord Bute on the peace with France in 1762, and on the "cider tax in the following year. In the "Wilkes case Hardwicke condemned "general warrants, and also the doctrine that seditious "libels published by members of parliament were protected by "parliamentary privilege. He died in London on 6 March 1764.


In 1736 the King's Bench, under his presidency, delivered the seminal judgment in Middleton v. Crofts 2 Atk 650, which held that canons made in the provincial clergy convocations could not, by themselves, bind the lay faithful. He held the office of lord chancellor longer than any of his predecessors, with a single exception. His decisions fixed limits and established principles of "Equity. His influence was powerful in obliterating the traditions of the judicial bench under the Stuart monarchy, and in establishing the modern conception of the duties and demeanour of English judges. While still at the bar Lord Chesterfield praised his conduct of crown prosecutions as a contrast to the former bloodhounds of the crown; and he described Sir Philip Yorke as naturally humane, moderate and decent.

Cases and legislation[edit]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Thomas, Peter D. G. "Yorke, Philip". "Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. "doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/30245.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)

Further reading[edit]

The contemporary authorities for the life of Lord Chancellor Hardwicke are voluminous, in the memoirs of the period and in collections of correspondence. See, especially:

See also:

External links[edit]

"Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Thomas Pelham
John Morley Trevor
"Member of Parliament for "Lewes
With: Thomas Pelham
Succeeded by
Thomas Pelham
"Henry Pelham (of Stanmer)
Preceded by
"George Naylor
"Henry Pelham
"Member of Parliament for "Seaford
With: "Sir William Gage, Bt
Succeeded by
"Sir William Gage, Bt
"William Hay
Legal offices
Preceded by
"Sir William Thomson
"Solicitor General for England and Wales
Succeeded by
"Sir Clement Wearg
Preceded by
"Sir Robert Raymond
"Attorney General for England and Wales
Succeeded by
"Sir John Willes
Preceded by
"Sir Robert Raymond
"Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench
Succeeded by
"Sir William Lee
Political offices
Preceded by
"The Lord Talbot
"Lord Chancellor
Succeeded by
In Commission
"Peerage of Great Britain
New title "Earl of Hardwicke
Succeeded by
"Philip Yorke
"Baron Hardwicke
) )