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"Titaness of the "bright" intellect and prophecy
Member of the "Titans
A "fresco of "Herculaneum showing women playing "astragalus, depicting Phoebe, Leto, "Niobe, Hilearia, and Agle, painted and signed by an artist named "Alexander of Athens", 1st century AD, now in the Museo Archeologico Nazionale ("Naples)
Personal Information
Consort "Coeus
Offspring "Leto, "Asteria
Parents "Uranus and "Gaia

In "ancient Greek religion, Phoebe ("/ˈfbi/; "Greek: Φοίβη Phoibe, associated with Phoebos or "shining") was one of the original "Titans, who were one set of sons and daughters of "Uranus and "Gaia.[1]



Phoebe was traditionally associated with the moon (see "Selene), as in "Michael Drayton's Endimion and Phœbe (1595), the first extended treatment of the "Endymion myth in English. Her consort was her brother "Coeus, with whom she had two daughters, "Leto, who bore "Apollo and "Artemis, and "Asteria, a star-goddess who bore an only daughter "Hecate.[2] Given the meaning of her name and her association with the "Delphic oracle, Phoebe was perhaps seen as the Titan goddess of prophecy and oracular intellect.

Through Leto, Phoebe was the grandmother of "Apollo and "Artemis. The names Phoebe and Phoebus (masculine) came to be applied as synonyms for Artemis and Apollo respectively (as well as for "Selene and "Helios).[3]

According to a speech that "Aeschylus, in "Eumenides, puts in the mouth of the Delphic priestess herself, she received control of the Oracle at Delphi from "Themis: "Phoebe in this succession seems to be his private invention," D. S. Robertson noted, reasoning that in the three great allotments of oracular powers at Delphi, corresponding to the three generations of the gods, "Ouranos, as was fitting, gave the oracle to his wife Gaia and Kronos appropriately allotted it to his sister Themis."[4]

In Zeus' turn to make the gift, Aeschylus could not report that the oracle was given directly to Apollo, who had not yet been born, Robertson notes, and thus Phoebe was interposed. These supposed male delegations of the powers at Delphi as expressed by Aeschylus are not borne out by the usual modern reconstruction of the sacred site's pre-Olympian history.


Phoebe's family tree [5]
"Uranus "Gaia "Pontus
"Oceanus "Tethys "Hyperion "Theia "Crius "Eurybia
The "Rivers The "Oceanids "Helios "Selene [6] "Eos "Astraeus "Pallas "Perses
"Cronus "Rhea "Coeus PHOEBE
"Hestia "Hera "Poseidon "Zeus "Leto "Asteria
"Demeter "Hades "Apollo "Artemis "Hecate
"Iapetus "Clymene (or "Asia[7] "Themis (Zeus) "Mnemosyne
"Atlas [8] "Menoetius "Prometheus [9] "Epimetheus The "Horae The "Muses


  1. ^ "Hesiod, "Theogony 116-138.
  2. ^ "Hesiod "Theogony 404-452.
  3. ^ Compare the relation of the comparatively obscure archaic figure of "Pallas and "Pallas Athena.
  4. ^ D. S. Robertson, "The Delphian Succession in the Opening of the Eumenides" The Classical Review 55.2 (September 1941, pp. 69-70) p. 69.
  5. ^ "Hesiod, "Theogony 132–138, 337–411, 453–520, 901–906, 915–920; Caldwell, pp. 8–11, tables 11–14.
  6. ^ Although usually the daughter of Hyperion and Theia, as in "Hesiod, "Theogony 371–374, in the "Homeric Hymn to Hermes (4), 99–100, Selene is instead made the daughter of Pallas the son of Megamedes.
  7. ^ According to "Hesiod, "Theogony 507–511, Clymene, one of the "Oceanids, the daughters of "Oceanus and "Tethys, at "Hesiod, "Theogony 351, was the mother by Iapetus of Atlas, Menoetius, Prometheus, and Epimetheus, while according to "Apollodorus, 1.2.3, another Oceanid, Asia was their mother by Iapetus.
  8. ^ According to "Plato, "Critias, 113d–114a, Atlas was the son of "Poseidon and the mortal "Cleito.
  9. ^ In "Aeschylus, "Prometheus Bound 18, 211, 873 (Sommerstein, pp. 444–445 n. 2, 446–447 n. 24, 538–539 n. 113) Prometheus is made to be the son of "Themis.


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