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|• "President||"Claude Gewerc ("PS)|
|• Total||19,399 km2 (7,490 sq mi)|
|• Density||97/km2 (250/sq mi)|
|"Time zone||"CET ("UTC+1)|
|• Summer ("DST)||"CEST ("UTC+2)|
|"ISO 3166 code||FR-S|
|"GDP (2012)||"Ranked 14th|
|Total||€49.7 billion (US$64 bn)|
|Per capita||€27,611 (US$35,556)|
Picardy ("//; "French: Picardie, French pronunciation: "[pikaʁdi]) is a historical territory and a former "administrative region of "France. Since 1 January 2016, it has been part of the new region of "Hauts-de-France. It is located in the northern part of France.
The historical "province of Picardy stretched from north of "Noyon to "Calais, via the whole of the "Somme department and the north of the "Aisne department. The province of "Artois ("Arras area) separated Picardy from "French Flanders.
From the 5th century the area was part of the "Frankish Empire, and in the feudal period it encompassed the six countships of "Boulogne, "Montreuil, "Ponthieu, "Amiénois, "Vermandois, and "Laonnois. According to the 843 "Treaty of Verdun the region became part of "West Francia, the later "Kingdom of France.
The name "Picardy" (refers to a digger or picard in "Parisian French) was not used until the 12th or 13th century. During this time, the name applied to all lands where the "Picard language was spoken, which included all the territories from Paris to the "Netherlands. In the "Latin Quarter of Paris, people identified a "Picard Nation" (Nation Picarde) of students at "Sorbonne University, most of whom actually came from "Poos. During the "Hundred Years' War, Picardy was the centre of the "Jacquerie peasant revolt in 1358.
From 1419 onwards, the Picardy counties ("Boulogne, "Ponthieu, "Amiens, "Vermandois) were gradually acquired by the "Burgundian duke "Philip the Good, confirmed by King "Charles VII of France at the 1435 "Congress of Arras. In 1477, King "Louis XI of France led an army and occupied key towns in Picardy. By the end of 1477, Louis would control all of Picardy and most of "Artois.
In the 16th century, the government (military region) of Picardy was created. This became a new administrative region of France, separate from what was historically defined as Picardy. The new Picardy included the "Somme "département, the northern half of the "Aisne département, and a small fringe in the north of the "Oise département.
In 1557, Picardy was invaded by Habsburg forces under the command of "Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy. After a "seventeen-day siege, "St. Quentin would be ransacked, while "Noyon would be burned by the Habsburg army.
Sugar beet was introduced by "Napoleon I during the "Napoleonic Wars in the 19th century, in order to counter the United Kingdom, which had seized the sugar islands possessed by France in the "Caribbean. The sugar industry has continued to play a prominent role in the economy of the region.
One of the most significant historical events to occur in Picardy was the series of battles fought along the "Somme during "World War I. From September 1914 to August 1918, four major battles, including the "Battle of the Somme, were fought by British, French, and German forces in the fields of Northern Picardy.
In 2009, the Regional Committee for local government reform proposed to reduce the number of "French regions and cancel additions of new regions in the near future. Picardy would have disappeared, and each department would have joined a nearby region. The Oise would have been incorporated in the "Île-de-France, the Somme would have been incorporated in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais and Aisne would have been incorporated in the Champagne-Ardenne. The vast majority of Picards were opposed to this proposal, and it was scrapped in 2010 (see newspaper: "Courrier Picard").
Today, the modern region of Picardy no longer includes the coastline from Berck to Calais, via Boulogne (Boulonais), that is now in the "Nord-Pas-de-Calais region, but does incorporate the pays of "Beauvaisis, Valois, Noyonnais, Laonnois, Soissonnais, Omois, among other "departments of France. The older definition of Picardy survives in the name of the "Picard language, which applies not only to the dialects of Picardy proper, but also to the "Romance dialects spoken in the "Nord-Pas de Calais "région, north of Picardy proper, and parts of the "Belgian "province of Hainaut.
Between the 1990 and 1999 censuses, the population of "Oise increased 0.61% per year (almost twice as fast as France as a whole), while the "Aisne department lost inhabitants, and the "Somme barely grew with a 0.16% growth per year. Today, 41.3% of the population of Picardy live inside the "Oise department.
Picardy stretches from the long sand beaches of the Somme estuary in the west to the vast forests and pastures of the Thiérache in the east and down to the châteaux of Chantilly or Pierrefonds near the Paris Area and vineyards of the border with Champagne (Champagne picarde) to the south.
Historically, the region of Picardy has a strong and proud cultural identity. The Picard (local inhabitants and traditionally speakers of the "Picard language) cultural heritage includes some of the most extraordinary Gothic churches (Amiens and Beauvais cathedrals or "Saint-Quentin basilica), distinctive local cuisine (including ficelle picarde, flamiche aux poireaux, tarte au maroilles), beer (including from Péronne's de Clercq brewery) and traditional games and sports, such as the longue paume (ancestor of tennis), as well as danses picardes and its own bagpipes, called the pipasso.
The villages of Picardy have a distinct character, with their houses made of red bricks, often accented with a "lace" of white bricks. A minority of people still speak the "Picard language, one of the "languages of France, which is also spoken in "Artois ("Nord-Pas de Calais région). ""P'tit quinquin", a Picard song, is a symbol of the local culture (and of that of Artois).
Picardy is the birthplace of Gothic architecture, housing six of the world's greatest examples of Gothic cathedrals, which envelop the history of Gothic architecture in its entirety. "Amiens Cathedral, standing as the largest cathedral in Europe, which according to John Ruskin is the "Pantheon of Gothic architecture", could house the "Notre-Dame de Paris twice over. It was built in as little as 50 years. Picardy also holds the tallest transept in the history of the Gothic period located on Saint-Pierre cathedral in Beauvais, Oise.
The "Museum of Picardy, built between 1855 and 1867, houses a vast array of great works, spanning centuries. Archaeology from ancient Greece and Egypt to works of Pablo Picasso. The museum was built for the very reason it is used today. Although Picardy is one of the least-known regions in France, its influence from art and most certainly architecture is vivid throughout the world.