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The Pluralist school was a school of "pre-Socratic philosophers who attempted to reconcile "Parmenides' rejection of change with the apparently changing world of "sense experience. The school consisted of "Anaxagoras, "Archelaus, and "Empedocles. It can also be said to have included the "Atomists, "Leucippus and "Democritus. The Pluralists rejected the idea that the diversity of nature can be reduced to a single principle ("monism). Anaxagoras posited that nature contained an innumerable number of principles, while Empedocles reduced nature to four elements ("fire, "air, "earth, and "water) which could not be reduced to one another and which would be sufficient to explain change and diversity.

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