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Roman statue of Polyhymnia, 2nd century AD, depicting her in the act of dancing.
Cast of Polyhymnia, "Pushkin Museum, Moscow

Polyhymnia ("/pɒliˈhɪmniə/; "Greek: Πολυύμνια; "the one of many hymns"), also spelt Polymnia (Πολύμνια) was in "Greek mythology the "Muse of sacred poetry, sacred "hymn, dance, and "eloquence as well as "agriculture and "pantomime. Her name comes from the Greek words "poly" meaning "many" and "hymnos", which means "praise".[1] She is depicted as very serious, pensive and meditative, and often holding a finger to her mouth, dressed in a long "cloak and "veil and resting her elbow on a pillar. Polyhymnia is also sometimes credited as being the Muse of "geometry and "meditation.[2]

In "Bibliotheca historica, "Diodorus Siculus wrote, "Polyhymnia, because by her great (polle) praises (humnesis) she brings distinction to writers whose works have won for them immortal fame...".[3] She appears in Dante's "Divine Comedy: Paradiso. Canto XXIII, line 56, and is referenced in modern works of fiction.


Polyhymnia in astronomy[edit]

In "astronomy, there are nine asteroids named after the "Muses. The one named after Polyhymnia is a main belt asteroid discovered by "Jean Chacornac, a French astronomer, in 1854.[2]

Depiction in arts[edit]


On Mount Parnassus, there was a spring that was sacred to Polyhymnia and the other Muses. It was said to flow between two big rocks above "Delphi, then down into a large square basin. The water was used by the "Pythia, who were priests and priestesses, for oracular purposes including divination.[2]


  1. ^ "Polyhymnia". theoi. Retrieved 2016-09-12. 
  2. ^ a b c "Polyhymnia". talesbeyondbelief. Retrieved 2016-09-12. 
  3. ^ Diodorus Siculus Library of History (Books III - VIII). Translated by Oldfather, C. H. Loeb Classical Library Volumes 303 and 340. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1935.

External links[edit]

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