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Port Huron, Michigan
"City
""Young Thomas Edison, in front of the Blue Water Bridge
Young Thomas Edison, in front of the "Blue Water Bridge
Nickname(s): Maritime Capital of the Great Lakes, Gateway to Canada
""Location within St. Clair county (left) and Michigan (right)
Location within "St. Clair county (left) and "Michigan (right)
Coordinates: 42°58′49″N 82°26′15″W / 42.98028°N 82.43750°W / 42.98028; -82.43750"Coordinates: 42°58′49″N 82°26′15″W / 42.98028°N 82.43750°W / 42.98028; -82.43750
"Country "United States
"State "Michigan
"County "St. Clair
"Incorporated 1857
Government
 • Type "Council-Manager
 • Mayor Pauline Repp
Area[1]
 • Total 12.26 sq mi (31.75 km2)
 • Land 8.08 sq mi (20.93 km2)
 • Water 4.18 sq mi (10.83 km2)
Elevation 604 ft (184 m)
Population ("2010)[2]
 • Total 30,184
 • Estimate (2016)[3] 29,231
 • Density 2,500/sq mi (950/km2)
"Time zone "Eastern (EST) ("UTC−5)
 • Summer ("DST) EDT ("UTC−4)
"ZIP code 48060
"Area code 810
"FIPS code 26-65820 [4]
"GNIS feature ID 1624839 [5]
Website porthuron.org

Port Huron is a city in the "U.S. state of "Michigan and the "county seat of "St. Clair County.[6] The population was 30,184 at the "2010 census. The city is adjacent to "Port Huron Township but is administratively autonomous. Located along the "St. Clair River, it is connected to "Point Edward, Ontario in "Canada via the "Blue Water Bridge. The city lies at the southern end of "Lake Huron and is the easternmost point on land in Michigan. Port Huron is home to two paper mills; Mueller Brass; and many businesses related to "tourism and the "automotive industry. The city features a historic downtown area, boardwalk, marina, museum, lighthouse, and the "McMorran Place arena and entertainment complex.

Contents

History[edit]

In 1814 following the War of 1812, the United States established Fort Gratiot at the base of Lake Huron. French colonists had a temporary trading post and fort at this site in the 17th century, but this developed as the first settled European-American population in the area. Until 1836, an "Ojibwa reservation occupied land in part of the modern area of Port Huron. They were removed to west of the Mississippi in Wisconsin and Minnesota.[7]

In 1857, Port Huron became incorporated. Its population grew rapidly after the 1850s due a high rate of immigration attracted by the successful "shipbuilding and "lumber trade. In 1859 the city had a total of 4.031 residents; 1855 were of foreign birth or their children.[8] By 1870, Port Huron's population exceeded that of surrounding villages. In 1871, the State Supreme Court designated Port Huron as the county seat.[9]

On October 8, 1871, the city, as well as places north in "Sanilac and "Huron counties, burned in the "Port Huron Fire of 1871. A series of other fires leveled "Holland and "Manistee, Michigan, as well as "Peshtigo, Wisconsin and "Chicago on the same day. The "Thumb Fire that occurred a decade later, also engulfed Port Huron.

In 1895 the village of Fort Gratiot, in the vicinity of the former Fort Gratiot, was annexed by the city of Port Huron.[10]

The following historic sites have been recognized by the State of Michigan through its historic marker program.

In 1962, a convention of the "Students for a Democratic Society was held in Lakeport, a community several miles north of the city. While there, they developed the "Port Huron Statement, the SDS manifesto.

The city received the "All-America City Award in 1955 and 2005.

Historic photographs[edit]

Geography[edit]

According to the "United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.26 square miles (31.75 km2), of which 8.08 square miles (20.93 km2) is land and 4.18 square miles (10.83 km2) is water.[1] The city is considered to be part of "the Thumb area of "Mid Michigan, and "Southeast Michigan. St. Clair county is part of the "Detroit Metropolitan Statistical area. Port Huron is the principal city of the region known as "Blue Water Area, a subregion of the Thumb. The easternmost point (on land) of Michigan can be found in Port Huron, just south of the Blue Water Bridge. The "Black River flows into the St. Clair River near Krafft Road.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Port Huron NOAA Station
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 64
(18)
69
(21)
82
(28)
87
(31)
96
(36)
102
(39)
103
(39)
102
(39)
101
(38)
90
(32)
81
(27)
66
(19)
103
(39)
Average high °F (°C) 31.3
(−0.4)
33.8
(1)
42.8
(6)
55.5
(13.1)
67.1
(19.5)
77.3
(25.2)
82.0
(27.8)
80.5
(26.9)
73.4
(23)
60.6
(15.9)
47.7
(8.7)
35.6
(2)
57.3
(14.1)
Daily mean °F (°C) 24.3
(−4.3)
26.2
(−3.2)
34.4
(1.3)
45.9
(7.7)
56.9
(13.8)
66.9
(19.4)
72.3
(22.4)
71.2
(21.8)
63.8
(17.7)
51.7
(10.9)
40.5
(4.7)
29.2
(−1.6)
48.61
(9.22)
Average low °F (°C) 17.4
(−8.1)
18.6
(−7.4)
26.0
(−3.3)
36.2
(2.3)
46.6
(8.1)
56.6
(13.7)
62.6
(17)
61.8
(16.6)
54.3
(12.4)
42.7
(5.9)
33.3
(0.7)
22.8
(−5.1)
39.9
(4.4)
Record low °F (°C) −19
(−28)
−26
(−32)
−7
(−22)
8
(−13)
21
(−6)
32
(0)
35
(2)
37
(3)
25
(−4)
20
(−7)
2
(−17)
−7
(−22)
−26
(−32)
Average "precipitation inches (mm) 1.96
(49.8)
1.97
(50)
2.07
(52.6)
2.86
(72.6)
3.13
(79.5)
3.39
(86.1)
3.23
(82)
3.26
(82.8)
3.84
(97.5)
2.78
(70.6)
3.11
(79)
2.19
(55.6)
33.78
(858)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 11.0
(27.9)
9.9
(25.1)
5.0
(12.7)
0.7
(1.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1.3
(3.3)
8.3
(21.1)
36.1
(91.7)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 13.0 10.0 10.5 12.9 11.7 10.7 10.1 10.7 10.8 11.9 12.5 13.4 138.2
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 7.4 5.9 2.9 0.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.8 5.3 22.9
Source: NOAA [11]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
"1860 4,371
"1870 5,973 36.7%
"1880 8,883 48.7%
"1890 13,543 52.5%
"1900 19,158 41.5%
"1910 18,863 −1.5%
"1920 25,944 37.5%
"1930 31,361 20.9%
"1940 32,759 4.5%
"1950 35,725 9.1%
"1960 36,084 1.0%
"1970 35,794 −0.8%
"1980 33,981 −5.1%
"1990 33,694 −0.8%
"2000 32,338 −4.0%
"2010 30,184 −6.7%
Est. 2016 29,231 [3] −3.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]

Port Huron is the largest city in "the Thumb area, and is a center of industry and trade for the region.

2010 census[edit]

As of the "census[2] of 2010, there were 30,184 people, 12,177 households, and 7,311 families residing in the city. The "population density was 3,735.6 inhabitants per square mile (1,442.3/km2). There were 13,871 housing units at an average density of 1,716.7 per square mile (662.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 84.0% "White, 9.1% "African American, 0.7% "Native American, 0.6% "Asian, 1.2% from "other races, and 4.5% from two or more races. "Hispanic or "Latino of any race were 5.4% of the population.

There were 12,177 households of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.5% were "married couples living together, 19.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.0% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.03.

The median age in the city was 35.8 years. 25.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.3% were from 25 to 44; 25.2% were from 45 to 64; and 13.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.8% male and 52.2% female.

Culture[edit]

Sports[edit]

Port Huron has had a strong tradition of minor league hockey for many years.

The "Port Huron Flags played in the original "International Hockey League from 1962-1981, winning three "Turner Cup championships in 1966, 1971 and 1972. Its leading career scorers were Ken Gribbons, who played most of his career in the IHL; "Bob McCammon, a lifelong IHLer who went on to be a "National Hockey League coach with the "Philadelphia Flyers and the "Vancouver Canucks; "Bill LeCaine and "Larry Gould, who played a handful of NHL games with the "Pittsburgh Penguins and the "Vancouver Canucks, respectively.

Legendary "NHL hockey broadcaster "Mike Emrick started his career doing "play-by-play hockey for the Flags on AM 1450 "WHLS in the mid 1970s. Emrick would go on to broadcast Olympic hockey games and Stanley Cup playoffs for "NBC Sports, and is a frequent guest contributor to sister station "WPHM. [16]

Port Huron was also represented in the "Colonial Hockey League (also operating under the names United Hockey League and International Hockey League), with franchises from 1996 until the league folded in 2010. Originally called the "Border Cats, the team was renamed the Beacons in 2002, the Flags in 2005 and the Icehawks in 2007. Among the more notable players were "Bob McKillop, "Jason Firth, Tab Lardner and "Brent Gretzky.

The "Port Huron Fighting Falcons of the junior "North American Hockey League played at "McMorran Place, beginning in 2010 until 2013. The team moved to Connellsville, PA for the 2014 season. The team's name was changed to the "Keystone Ice Miners.

Port Huron is also home to the "Port Huron Prowlers of the "Federal Hockey League.

The "Port Huron Pirates "indoor football team dominated the "Great Lakes Indoor Football League up until their departure to "Flint, MI. "McMorran Arena once again hosted indoor football with the "Port Huron Predators of the "Continental Indoor Football League in 2011. The Predators failed to finish the "2011 season, and were replaced in "2012 by the "Port Huron Patriots who also participated in the CIFL.

Parks[edit]

The City of Port Huron owns and operates 17 waterfront areas containing 102 acres (0.4 km2) and 3.5 miles (5.6 km) of water frontage. This includes three public beaches and six parks with picnic facilities. The city also has nine scenic turnout sites containing over 250 parking spaces. Port Huron operates the largest municipal marina system in the state and has five separate locations for boat mooring.

The City has 14 public parks, 4 smaller-sized “tot” parks, 19 playgrounds (City owned), 9 playgrounds (School owned), 33 tennis courts, including 16 at schools and 6 indoors, 3 public beaches, 4 public swimming pools, 1 community center, and 1 public parkway.

Government[edit]

The city government is organized under a [Council–manager government]] form. The City Council is responsible for appointing a City Manager, who is the Chief Administrative Officer of the city. The Manager supervises the administrative affairs of the city and carries out the policies established by the City Council. As the Chief Administrative Officer, the City Manager is responsible for the organization of the administrative branch and has the power to appoint and remove administrative officers who are responsible for the operation of departments which carry out specific functions. The City Council consists of seven elected officials—a mayor and six council members. Beginning with the 2011 election, citizens will vote separately for Mayor and Council. Council members will serve staggered four-year terms and the Mayor will serve a two-year term. The current mayor is former city clerk, Pauline Repp. The city levies an income tax of 1 percent on residents and 0.5 percent on nonresidents. [17]

Federally, Port Huron is part of "Michigan's 10th congressional district, represented by Republican "Candice Miller, elected in 2002.

Education[edit]

Colleges

Healthcare[edit]

Port Huron is served by two acute care facilities, McLaren Port Huron, and Lake Huron Medical Center.

"McLaren Health Care Corporation, a nonprofit "managed care health care organization based in "Flint, Michigan, purchased the former Port Huron Hospital and began operating the 186-bed facility as Mclaren Port Huron in May 2014.[18]

Lake Huron Medical Center, is a 144-bed facility operated by "Ontario, California based "Prime Healthcare Services. The for-profit company purchased the former St. Joseph Mercy Port Huron hospital in September 2015 from "Trinity Healthcare.[19] Upon completion of the sale, the formerly non-profit Catholic institution converted to a for-profit entity.

Media[edit]

Radio[edit]

The first station to sign on in Port Huron was "WHLS, coinciding with the opening of the "Blue Water Bridge in 1938. It was founded by Harold Leroy Stevens and "Fred Knorr. John Wismer became part owner of the station in 1952. He would later launch the first "Cable Television system in Port Huron and "WSAQ in 1983. Wismer died in 1999.

The Times Hearld launched its own radio station in 1947 known as WTTH. That station would later become "WPHM, and was bought by Lee Hanson in 1986. WPHM got FM sister station "WBTI in 1992. Wismer and Hanson were direct competitors until they were both bought by Bob Liggett's "Radio First in 2000.

"Radio First owns and operates five radio stations in the region while Port Huron Family Radio is the licensee of sole station "WGRT. Non-commercial stations include "St. Clair County Community College's "WSGR, high school station "WORW, and religious broadcasters "WNFA and "WNFR.

The following is a list of broadcast radio stations that provide local content to the Port Huron Area. Other stations may be heard area over the air however their content is not directed to residents of the city.

Newspaper[edit]

Broadcast television[edit]

St. Clair County lies in the "Detroit television market. Channels available on "Comcast are as follows:

Transportation[edit]

""
""
Blue Water Bridge

Major highways[edit]

Two Interstates terminate at the Port Huron-to-Sarnia "Blue Water Bridge, and they meet "Highway 402.

Mass transit[edit]

The "Blue Water Area Transit system,[20] created in 1976, includes eight routes in the Port Huron area. Blue Water Transit operates the Blue Water Trolley, which provides a one-hour tour of various local points of interest. Recently, Blue Water Area Transit received a grant from the state to buy new buses for a route between the Port Huron hub and "New Baltimore about 30 miles (48 km) south. Commuters could take an express bus traveling down I-94 and get off at the 23 Mile Road "SMART Bus stop. At the same time, another bus will travel down "M-25 and "M-29 and pick up commuters in "Marysville, "Saint Clair and "Algonac before ending up at the same stop on 23 Mile Road. This new system will help people in "St. Clair County travel through "Metro Detroit.

Rail[edit]

Airports[edit]

"St. Clair County International Airport is a public airport located five miles (8 km) southwest of the central business district.

"Sarnia Chris Hadfield Airport, located across the St. Clair River in "Sarnia, "Ontario, offers daily service to Toronto's Lester B. Pearson International Airport operated by "Air Georgian, a regional affiliate of "Air Canada.

""The Bluewater Bridge from the South along the St. Clair River (Port Huron, MI to Sarnia, ON)

Criminal Minds[edit]

In 2009 the TV show "Criminal Minds used Port Huron, and "Detroit as locations for an episode involving crossing the border into "Ontario.[21][22]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". "United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2011-02-20. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". "United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". "United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Port Huron, Michigan
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ Helen Hornbeck Tanner. Atlas of Great Lakes Indian History. (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1987) p. 165
  8. ^ "Population of Port Huron", East Saginaw Courier, 13 October 1859, View 2, Chronicling America, Library of Congress, accessed 5 September 2014
  9. ^ "History of St. Clair County - Port Huron Township & City". ancestry.com. 
  10. ^ Walter Romig, Michigan Place Names, p. 204
  11. ^ "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". "National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved February 18, 2013. 
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  13. ^ "Port Huron Museum". Port Huron Museum. 
  14. ^ Carnegie Center, Port Huron Museum Archived 2008-02-18 at the "Wayback Machine.
  15. ^ Local event calendar.
  16. ^ http://www.thetimesherald.com/story/life/style/savvy/2015/05/04/radio-man-gives-back-community/26132667/
  17. ^ Gibbons, Lauren (August 16, 2017). "Michigan State University, city of East Lansing at odds over proposed income tax". MLive Lansing. Mlive Media Group. Retrieved August 16, 2017. 
  18. ^ http://www.crainsdetroit.com/article/20140501/NEWS/140509986/port-huron-hospital-becomes-mclarens-12th-hospital
  19. ^ http://www.crainsdetroit.com/article/20150331/NEWS/150339967/public-forum-set-on-sale-of-st-joseph-mercy-port-huron-to-for-profit
  20. ^ "Blue Water Area Transit". bwbus.com. 
  21. ^ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1422241/
  22. ^ https://dira.dreamwidth.org/tag/criminal+minds

External links[edit]

Surrounding communities[edit]

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