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The "1980s, spoken as "the Nineteen Eighties" or abbreviated as "the Eighties" or "the '80s", was the decade that began on January 1, 1980, and ended on December 31, 1989. This was the ninth decade of the "20th century.

The time period saw great social, economic, and general change as wealth and production migrated to newly industrializing economies. As "economic liberalization increased in the developed world, multiple "multinational corporations associated with the manufacturing industry relocated to "Thailand, "Malaysia, "Mexico, "South Korea, "Taiwan, and the "People's Republic of China. Developed countries such as the "United States, "Japan, the "United Kingdom, and "West Germany continued to enjoy rapid economic growth during the decade. "Glasnost and "Perestroika in the "Soviet Union, and the "fall of the Berlin Wall, paved the way for "its dissolution in the early "1990s, and transition from the bipolar world of the "Cold War.

The 80s also represented a significant technological and cultural transition, as "computing expanded from a primarily business and academic phenomenon into the home with the advent of the "personal computer, accompanied by the growth of the "software industry, ultimately paving the way for the "World Wide Web on the "Internet.

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""Tom Selleck on the red carpet at the 60th Annual Academy Awards, 4/11/88
"Magnum, P.I. is an American "crime drama "television series starring "Tom Selleck as "Thomas Magnum, a "private investigator living on "Oahu, Hawaii. The series ran from 1980 to 1988 in first-run broadcast on the American "CBS television network.

According to the "Nielsen ratings, Magnum, P.I. consistently ranked in the top twenty U.S. television programs during the first five years that the series was originally broadcast in the United States.

"Thomas Sullivan Magnum IV, a private investigator, played by "Tom Selleck, resides in the guest house of a posh, 200-acre (81 ha) beachfront estate, known as Robin's Nest, in "Hawaii, at the invitation of its owner, Robin Masters, the celebrated-but-never-seen author of several dozen lurid novels. Ostensibly this is "quid pro quo for Magnum's services based upon Magnum's expertise in security; the pilot and several early episodes suggest Magnum also did Masters a favor of some kind, possibly when Masters hired him for a case. The voice of Robin Masters, heard only a few times per season, was provided by "Orson Welles (one last "appearance" was provided by a different actor, Reid Crandell).

With Magnum living a luxurious life on the estate and operating as a P.I. on cases that suit him, the only thorn in the side of this near-perfect lifestyle on the estate is "Jonathan Quayle Higgins III, played by "John Hillerman, an ex-"British Army "Sergeant Major, a (on the surface) stern, "by-the-book" ex-soldier, whose strict ways usually conflict with Magnum's much more easy-going methods. He patrols Robin's Nest with his two highly trained "lads", "Doberman Pinschers, Zeus and Apollo. Often as a humorous aside during various episodes of the series, Magnum must bargain with Higgins for use of estate amenities other than the guest house and the "Ferrari 308 GTS (e.g., tennis courts, wine cellar, expensive cameras).

The relationship between Magnum and Higgins was initially cool but as the series progressed, an unspoken respect and fondness of sorts grew between the pair, and as such, many episodes dedicated more screen time to this "odd couple" pairing after the relationship proved popular with fans. A recurrent theme throughout the last two seasons (starting in the episode "Paper War") involves Magnum's sneaking suspicion that Higgins is actually Robin Masters since he opens Robin's mail, calls Robin's Ferrari "his car", etc. This suspicion is never proved or disproved.

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Credit: KENPEI

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""Mrs. Betty Bumpers
"Elizabeth Callans Flanagan "Betty" Bumpers (born January 11, 1925) is a former "First Lady of Arkansas. She is an advocate for childhood "immunizations and world peace. She and "Rosalynn Carter ran a successful campaign to ensure that all American school children were immunized. She is also the widow of "Dale Bumpers, former State governor and "U.S. Senator.

A 1981 conversation with her college-student daughter, Brooke, inspired Betty Bumpers to become a "peace activist, focused on ending the "nuclear weapons race. While driving together to "Arkansas from "Washington, DC, they crossed the "Clinch River, the namesake of the "Clinch River Breeder Reactor Project, leading Brooke to ask her mother what the family would do in a "nuclear war or the aftermath of a nuclear disaster. Betty Bumpers' light-hearted response of "Well, honey, I guess we’d just go back to Arkansas" did not silence her daughter, who responded "Don’t be so stupid, Mother," and asked what would happen if Arkansas was destroyed. Her realization that her daughter considered nuclear war to be a real threat to her future motivated Betty Bumpers to start a campaign for peace.

After discussing the matter with her fellow Senate wives and other like-minded women in Washington, Betty Bumpers decided to work to bring mainstream American women into the campaign for a nuclear weapons freeze, building on her earlier experience with grassroots volunteer activism. She started the organization Peace Links in "Little Rock in 1982, Peace Links worked with established women's groups such as "garden clubs, "parent teacher associations, and church organizations to educate women about the consequences of the "nuclear arms race and to engage them in campaigning for world peace. Within a short time, Peace Links expanded beyond Arkansas and counted some 30,000 members around the United States. It operated as a national organization for nearly 20 years, disbanding in 2001 after the end of the "Cold War.

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...that "Prince's ""When Doves Cry" was the top-selling single of 1984?
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