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1980s

The "1980s, spoken as "the Nineteen Eighties" or abbreviated as "the Eighties" or "the '80s", was the decade that began on January 1, 1980, and ended on December 31, 1989. This was the ninth decade of the "20th century.

The time period saw great social, economic, and general change as wealth and production migrated to newly industrializing economies. As "economic liberalization increased in the developed world, multiple "multinational corporations associated with the manufacturing industry relocated to "Thailand, "Malaysia, "Mexico, "South Korea, "Taiwan, and the "People's Republic of China. Developed countries such as the "United States, "Japan, the "United Kingdom, and "West Germany continued to enjoy rapid economic growth during the decade. "Glasnost and "Perestroika in the "Soviet Union, and the "fall of the Berlin Wall, paved the way for "its dissolution in the early "1990s, and transition from the bipolar world of the "Cold War.

The 80s also represented a significant technological and cultural transition, as "computing expanded from a primarily business and academic phenomenon into the home with the advent of the "personal computer, accompanied by the growth of the "software industry, ultimately paving the way for the "World Wide Web on the "Internet.

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Selected article

""Larry Hagman attending the "Night of 100 Stars" for the 82nd Academy Awards viewing party at the Beverly Hills Hotel, Beverly Hills, CA on March 7, 2010
""Who shot J.R.?" is an advertising "catchphrase that American network "CBS created in 1980 to promote the television series "Dallas. It referred to the mystery surrounding a murder attempt against the character "J.R. Ewing in the show's third-season finale, which was not resolved until a fourth-season episode that aired eight months later.

In the final scene of the 1979–80 season, "J.R. Ewing ("Larry Hagman) hears a noise outside his office, walks out to the corridor to look, and is shot twice by an unseen assailant. The episode, titled ""A House Divided", was broadcast on March 21, 1980 and was written by "Loraine Despres and directed by "Leonard Katzman. Viewers had to wait all summer to learn whether J.R. would survive, and which of his many enemies was responsible.

Ultimately, the person who pulled the trigger was revealed to be "Kristin Shepard ("Mary Crosby) in the ""Who Done It?" episode which aired on November 21, 1980. Kristin was J.R.'s scheming sister-in-law and mistress, who shot him in a fit of anger. J.R. did not press charges, as Kristin claimed she was pregnant with his child as a result of their affair.

Production for the 1980–81 season began in June 1980, but Hagman—who had begun the show in a secondary role but now was the star—refused to film the show without a raise. He returned to work ten days later with a new contract that paid him $100,000 per episode and royalties from J.R. Ewing merchandise. Viewers had to wait an additional two months to find out the answer to the famous question, however, as a "strike by the "Writers Guild of America began in July that delayed the production of most new network shows by eight weeks. During the delay, CBS showed early Dallas episodes featuring J.R. Ewing, helping the show's many new fans better understand his character.

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""Pac-Man and Donkey Kong - arcade cabinets
Credit: Rob Boudon

"Pac-Man and "Donkey Kong arcade cabinets.

Selected biography

""Classic Game Postmortem: Yars' Revenge Howard Scott Warshaw
"Howard Scott Warshaw (born July 30, 1957), also known as HSW, is an American "psychotherapist and former "game designer who is best known for his work at "Atari in the early 1980s. There, he designed and programmed the games "Yars' Revenge, "Raiders of the Lost Ark, and "E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial, all for the "Atari 2600 "video game console. He has also written two books as well as produced and directed three documentaries.

Before entering game design, Warshaw was ""Colorado born, "Jersey raised, and "New Orleans schooled." He attended "Tulane University, where he received a Bachelor’s Degree, with a double major in Math and Economics. He graduated "Phi Beta Kappa and received a scholarship for his graduate work in Computer Science. One year later he received his Master’s Degree in Computer Engineering.

After graduation, he began work at "Hewlett-Packard as a multi-terminal systems engineer. In 1981, he went to work for Atari.

Warshaw's first success, "Yars' Revenge, first started as an "Atari 2600 adaptation of the arcade game "Star Castle. However, as limitations became clear, Warshaw re-adapted the concept into a new game involving mutated houseflies defending their world against an alien attacker. The game's working title was Time Freeze. Playtesting by Atari found that the game was popular with women. The game was a major success and is still regarded as one of the best games made for the Atari 2600. This led Warshaw to be picked as the designer of the "game adaptation of the film "Raiders of the Lost Ark, which was also a commercial success and was critically acclaimed at the time.

It was his success on Raiders that led to Warshaw being chosen to design and program the "ill-fated Atari 2600 adaptation of "E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial. Problems began early as he was only given five weeks to go from concept to finished product. Warshaw was assisted by Jerome Domurat, a graphics designer at Atari. Although the game was finished on time, it was poorly received and seen as being confusing and frustrating. Atari took a major financial loss on the project which, combined with "other poor business decisions and conditions, led to the company being divided and sold within two years.

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Did you know...

...that the first "Laser tag arena opened in 1984?
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