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Flag of the Confederate States of America (1861–1863).svg

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""Flags_of_the_Confederate_States_of_America#The_Naval_Jacks
The "Confederate Navy Jack or "Southern Cross"
""United states confederate flag hybrid.png

The "American Civil War (1861–1865) was a sectional "rebellion against the "United States of America by the "Confederate States, formed of eleven "southern states' "governments which moved to "secede from the "Union after the "1860 election of "Abraham Lincoln as "President of the United States. The Union's victory was eventually achieved by leveraging advantages in "population, "manufacturing and "logistics and through a "strategic "naval "blockade denying the Confederacy access to the world's "markets.

In many ways, the conflict's central "issues – the "enslavement of African Americans, the role of "constitutional "federal government, and the "rights of states  – are still not completely resolved. Not surprisingly, the "Confederate army's surrender at "Appomattox on April 9, 1865 did little to change many "Americans' attitudes toward the potential powers of "central government. The passage of the "Thirteenth, "Fourteenth and "Fifteenth "amendments to the Constitution in the years immediately following the war did not change the "racial prejudice prevalent among Americans of the day; and the process of "Reconstruction did not heal the deeply personal wounds inflicted by four brutal years of war and more than 970,000 casualties – 3 percent of the population, including approximately 560,000 deaths. As a result, controversies affected by the war's unresolved social, political, economic and racial tensions continue to shape contemporary American thought. The "causes of the war, the reasons for the outcome, and even "the name of the war itself are subjects of much discussion even today.


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""Thure de Thulstrup - Battle of Shiloh.jpg
The "Battle of Shiloh, also known as the Battle of Pittsburg Landing, was a major battle in the "Western Theater of the "American Civil War, fought on April 6 and April 7, 1862, in southwestern "Tennessee. "Confederate forces under Generals "Albert Sidney Johnston and "P. G. T. Beauregard launched a surprise attack against the "Union Army of "Maj. Gen. "Ulysses S. Grant and came very close to defeating his army.

On the first day of battle, the Confederates struck with the intention of driving the Union defenders away from the "Tennessee River and into the swamps of Owl Creek to the west, hoping to defeat Grant's "Army of the Tennessee before it could link up with Maj. Gen. "Don Carlos Buell's "Army of the Ohio. The Confederate battle lines became confused during the fierce fighting, and Grant's men instead fell back in the direction of Pittsburg Landing to the northeast. A position on a slightly sunken road, nicknamed the "Hornet's Nest", defended by the men of "Brig. Gens. "Benjamin M. Prentiss's and "W. H. L. Wallace's divisions, provided critical time for the rest of the Union line to stabilize under the protection of numerous artillery batteries. Gen. Johnston was killed during the first day's fighting, and Beauregard, his second in command, decided against assaulting the final Union position that night. Reinforcements from Gen. Buell arrived in the evening and turned the tide the next morning, when he and Grant launched a counterattack along the entire line. The Confederates were forced to retreat from the bloodiest battle in "United States history up to that time, ending their hopes that they could block the Union invasion of northern "Mississippi.

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""Flag of Nevada (1905–1915).svg
"Nevada began the war as a territory, but the process of achieving full statehood in was expedited by the events of war. Union sympathizers were so eager to gain statehood for Nevada that they rushed to send the entire state constitution by "telegraph to the "United States Congress in order to ensure its arrival before the presidential election as they did not believe that sending it by train would guarantee that it would arrive on time. The constitution was sent on October 31, just eight days before the election on November 7, 1864. The Nevada state constitution remains the largest and costliest transmission by telegraph. It had less than 40,000 inhabitants when it gained statehood (territories needed 60,000 to petition for statehood), far fewer than the initial population of any other state. "President of the United States "Abraham Lincoln wanted an additional Northern state that would presumably vote for his reelection, and help force pro-Northern ideas into new amendments to the "United States Constitution. In total, Nevada sent 1,200 men to fight for the Union.

Nevada's main contribution to the war was the $400 million worth of silver mined from the "Comstock Lode, which financed the Union "Civil War effort to defeat the Confederacy. A common belief is that Nevada achieved early statehood due to its silver; however, as the Union already had the right to claim Nevada's silver as it held Nevada as its territory, Nevada's achieving statehood was due to political concerns, not economic.

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""Chiving1.jpg
"John Milton Chivington (January 27, 1821 – October 4, 1892) was a 19th century "United States Army officer noted for his role in the "New Mexico Campaign of the "American Civil War and in the "Colorado War. He was celebrated as the hero of the 1862 "Battle of Glorieta Pass, and later became infamous for his role in the 1864 "Sand Creek Massacre.

Chivington was born in "Lebanon, Ohio. Drawn to "Methodism, Chivington decided to become a minister and was ordained in 1844. During 1853, he worked in a Methodist "missionary expedition to the "Wyandot people in "Kansas. Because of his outspoken hatred of "slavery, Chivington received a threatening letter from pro-slavery members in his congregation in 1856. As a result the Methodist Church transferred Chivington to a parish in "Omaha, Nebraska. In 1860 Chivington moved with his family to "Denver, Colorado, having been made the presiding elder of the "Rocky Mountain District of the Methodist Church.

When war broke out the following year, Colorado territorial governor "William Gilpin offered him a commission as a chaplain, but Chivington refused it, saying he wanted to fight. Thus, he was made a "major in the "1st Colorado Volunteers under Colonel "John P. Slough. During Henry Hopkins Sibley's Texan offensive on the "New Mexico Territory, Chivington led a 418-strong detachment to victory at Apache Canyon, and later captured Sibley's entire supply train during the "Battle of Glorieta Pass. Chivington had completely reversed the result of the battle and Sibley's men reluctantly retreated all the way to Texas, never again to threaten New Mexico.

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""Thure de Thulstrup - L. Prang and Co. - Battle of Gettysburg - Restoration by Adam Cuerden.jpg
Credit: "Thure de Thulstrup

"Thure de Thulstrup's Battle of Gettysburg, showing "Pickett's Charge during the "Battle of Gettysburg

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"Attention needed
"...to referencing and citation  • "...to coverage and accuracy  • "...to structure  • "...to grammar  • "...to supporting materials 
Popular pages
"Full list
Cleanup needed  
"The West Tennessee Raids
Requested articles 
Charles F. CollinsAndrew Wills GouldEbenezer MagoffinHenry MauryJames Ashby (soldier)Albemarle CadyBenjamin D. FearingCharles A. HickmanRichard Henry JacksonJohn LovePeter S. MichieThomas Grimke RhettJames B. SpeersCharles S. SteedmanBattle of Barton's StationBattle of Camp DaviesGeorge Peabody EsteyLawrence P. GrahamJoseph Hayes (general)Lewis Cass HuntThomas John LucasSullivan Amory MeredithWilliam Reading MontgomeryCharles Hale MorganByron Root PierceCalvin Edward PrattDaniel Henry RuckerFriend Smith RutherfordGustavus Adolphus SmithJames Hughes StokesWilliam Kerley StrongFrederick S. SturmbaughWilliam B. TibbitsDavis TillsonAdin Ballou UnderwoodFrancis Laurens VintonLouis Douglass WatkinsWilliam Denison Whipple • "Requested American Civil War Medal of Honor recipients
Expansion needed  
"Battle of Boonsborough • "Battle of Cabin Creek • "Battle of Fort Sumter II • "Battle of Guard Hill • "Battle of Middle Boggy Depot • "Battle of Rice's Station • "Battle of Simmon's Bluff • "Battle of Summit Point • "Battle of Yellow Bayou • "Charleston Arsenal • "Edenton Bell Battery • "Elmira Prison • "First Battle of Dalton • "Samuel Benton • "Blackshear Prison • "Orris S. Ferry • "Edwin Forbes • "Hiram B. Granbury • "Henry Thomas Harrison • "Ben Hardin Helm • "Louis Hébert (colonel) • "Benjamin G. Humphreys • "Lunsford L. Lomax • "Maynard Carbine • "Daniel Ruggles • "Thomas W. Sherman • "Hezekiah G. Spruill • "Smith Percussion Carbine • "Edward C. Walthall • "Confederate States Secretary of the Navy • "Confederate States Secretary of the Treasury • "David Henry Williams • "Battle of Rome Cross Roads • "Henry Boynton Clitz • "Delaware in the American Civil War • "Ironclad Board • "United States Military Railroad • "Kansas in the American Civil War • "Salisbury National Cemetery • "Other American Civil War battle stubs • "Other American Civil War stubs
Images needed  
"Battle of Lone Jack • "James S. Rains • "Preston Pond, Jr. • "Melancthon Smith • "John Donelson Martin • "Franklin Stillman Nickerson • "Thomas Gamble Pitcher • "William H. Penrose • "Lewis B. Parsons Jr. • "Isaac Ferdinand Quinby • "Hugh Thompson Reid • "James W. Reilly • "Isaac F. Shepard • "Francis Trowbridge Sherman • "James R. Slack • "Joseph Pannell Taylor • "Henry Goddard Thomas • "James Henry Van Alen • "James C. Veatch • "Melancthon S. Wade • "James M. Warner • "Benjamin J. Hill • "Peter Burwell Starke • "Henry Harrison Walker • "David A. Weisiger • "Claudius C. Wilson • "Allen Thomas • "Robert C. Tyler
Merging needed  
"1st Regiment New York Mounted Rifles and "7th Regiment New York Volunteer Cavalry
Citations needed  
"1st Alabama Cavalry Regiment (Union) • "4th Maine Battery • "33rd Ohio Infantry • "110th New York Volunteer Infantry • "Battle of Hatcher's Run • "Battle of Grand Gulf • "Camp Dennison • "Confederate colonies • "CSS Resolute • "Dakota War of 1862 • "Florida in the American Civil War • "Ethan A. Hitchcock (general) • "Fort Harker (Alabama) • "Gettysburg (1993 film) • "Iowa in the American Civil War
Translation needed 
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