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The American Revolutionary War Portal

""Clockwise from top left: Battle of Bunker Hill, Death of Montgomery at Quebec, Battle of Cowpens, "Moonlight Battle"
The "American Revolutionary War began as a war between the "Kingdom of Great Britain and "thirteen united former British colonies on the "North American continent, and ended in a "global war between several European "great powers. The war was the culmination of the political "American Revolution and intellectual "American Enlightenment, whereby the colonists rejected the "right of the "Parliament of Great Britain to govern them "without representation. In 1775, revolutionaries gained "control of each of the thirteen colonial governments, set up an alliance called the "Second Continental Congress, and formed a "Continental Army. "Petitions to the king to intervene with the parliament on their behalf resulted in "Congress being declared traitors and the states in rebellion the following year. The Americans responded by formally "declaring their "independence as a new "nation, the "United States of America, claiming "sovereignty and rejecting any "allegiance to the British monarchy. In 1777 the Continentals "captured a British army, leading to "France entering the war on the side of the Americans in early 1778, and evening the military strength with Britain. "Spain and the "Dutch Republic – French allies – also went to war with Britain over the next two years.

Throughout the war, the British were able to use their naval superiority to capture and occupy coastal cities, but control of the countryside (where 90% of the population lived) largely eluded them due to their relatively small land army. French involvement proved decisive, with a French naval "victory in the Chesapeake leading to the surrender of a second British army at "Yorktown in 1781. In 1783, the "Treaty of Paris ended the war and recognized the sovereignty of the United States over the territory bounded by what is now Canada to the north, "Florida to the south, and the "Mississippi River to the west.

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The "Battle of Cooch's Bridge, also known as the Battle of Iron Hill, was a "skirmish fought on September 3, 1777, between American "militia and primarily "German soldiers serving alongside the "British Army during the "American Revolutionary War. It was the only significant military action during the war in the "state of "Delaware, and took place about a week before the major "Battle of Brandywine.

After landing in "Maryland on August 25 as part of "a campaign to capture "Philadelphia, the seat of the "Second Continental Congress, British and German forces under the overall command of General "William Howe began to move north. Their advance was monitored by a "light infantry corps of "Continental Army and "militia forces that had based itself at "Cooch's Bridge, near "Newark, Delaware. On September 3, German troops leading the British advance were met by musket fire from the American light infantry in the woods on either side of the road leading toward Cooch's Bridge. Calling up reinforcements, they flushed the Americans out and drove them across the bridge.

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""Surrender of General Burgoyne.jpg
The Surrender of General Burgoyne at Saratoga by John Trumbull
Credit: "Davepape
After the "Battles of Saratoga, "John Burgoyne surrendered to "Horatio Gates on October 17, 1777

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""Daniel Chester French's Minuteman was based on Isaac Davis
"Isaac Davis (February 23, 1745 – April 19, 1775) was a "gunsmith and a militia officer who commanded a "company of "Minutemen from "Acton, Massachusetts, during the first battle of the "American Revolutionary War. His company was selected to lead the advance on the "British Regulars during the "Battle of Concord because his men were entirely outfitted with "bayonets. During the charge on the "Old North Bridge, Davis was among the first killed and was the first American "officer to die in the war.

Davis is memorialized through the Isaac Davis Monument on the Acton Town Common. He was also the inspiration behind The Minute Man, the sculpture at the Old North Bridge by "Daniel Chester French. The sculpture, which French attempted to model after Isaac Davis, is now an iconic national symbol.

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The "64th Regiment of Foot was an "infantry "regiment of the "British Army. The regiment was created as the 2nd Battalion, "11th Regiment of Foot in 1756, and redesignated as the 64th Regiment of Foot in 1758. In the "American War of Independence the regiment was first station in "Boston when it was "besieged in 1775, and fought in major actions of the "New York and New Jersey campaign of 1776-77 and the "Philadelphia campaign of 1777-78. It was sent into the "Southern theater in late 1779, participating in the "Siege of Charleston; one of its units was surrendered at the [1781 "Siege of Yorktown.

Although the 64th Foot fought in many of the major conflicts of the late 18th and early 19th centuries (including the "Seven Years' War, "Napoleonic Wars, "Anglo-Persian War, and the "Indian Rebellion of 1857, it was normally in the more minor theatres of these conflicts. The regiment took a county title as the 64th (2nd Staffordshire) Regiment of Foot in 1782. Following the Cardwell Reforms the regiment amalgamated with the "98th (Prince of Wales's) Regiment of Foot to become "The Prince of Wales's (North Staffordshire Regiment) in 1881. In the new regiment the 64th Foot became the 1st Battalion due to its seniority over the 98th Foot.

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From the "American Revolutionary War task force of the "Military history WikiProject:

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