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The Arts Portal

An artist's "palette

""An artist's palette

"The arts refers to the "theory and "physical expression of "creativity found in "human "societies and "cultures. Major constituents of the arts include "literature (including "poetry, "prose and "drama), "performing arts (among them "music, "dance, and "theatre), and "visual arts (including "drawing, "painting, "photography, "ceramics, "sculpting, and "architecture).

Some art forms combine a visual element with performance (e.g. "cinematography) or artwork with the written word (e.g. "comics). From prehistoric "cave paintings to modern day "films, art serves as a vessel for storytelling and conveying humankind's relationship with the environment.

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""The Second Stage of Cruelty
"The Four Stages of Cruelty is a series of four printed "engravings published by "William Hogarth in 1751. The prints depict the progression of the fictional Tom Nero, from a cruel child to his ultimate fate: the ignominy of "dissection after his "execution as a "murderer. Beginning with the "torture of a dog as a child in the First stage of cruelty, he progresses to beating his horse as a man in the Second stage of cruelty, and then to robbery, seduction, and murder in Cruelty in perfection. Finally, he receives what Hogarth warns is the inevitable fate of those who start down the path Nero has followed: his body is taken from the "gallows and mutilated by "surgeons in the "anatomical theatre in The reward of cruelty. The prints were intended as a form of "moral instruction: Hogarth was dismayed by the routine acts of cruelty he witnessed on the streets of "London. Issued on cheap paper, the prints were destined for the lower classes. The series shows a roughness of execution and a brutality that is untempered by the humorous touches common in Hogarth's other works, but which he felt was necessary to impress his message on the intended audience. Nevertheless, the pictures still carry the wealth of detail and subtle references that Hogarth had made his trademark.

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""Kiss of JudasCredit: "Gustave Doré; Restoration: "Adam Cuerden

"Gustave Doré's depiction of the "kiss given by "Judas Iscariot to "Jesus, identifying him as the one whom the soldiers of the "high priest "Caiaphas are to "arrest. The "Gospels state that Jesus foresaw and allowed the betrayal because it would allow "God's plan to be fulfilled, but most "Christians still consider Judas a traitor. Following this event, Caiaphas condemned Jesus for "blasphemy, and the "Sanhedrin trial concurred with a sentence of death. Jesus was handed over to the Roman governor "Pontius Pilate for execution, who carried out the sentence against his own wishes.

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""Hayyim Selig Slonimski

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""Self-portrait of Mary Cassat


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""Benjamin Mountfort
"Benjamin Mountfort was an "English emigrant to "New Zealand, where he became one of that country's most prominent "19th-century "architects. He was instrumental in shaping the city of "Christchurch. He was appointed the first official Provincial Architect of the developing province of "Canterbury.

Heavily influenced by the "Anglo-Catholic philosophy behind early Victorian architecture he is credited with importing the "Gothic revival style to New Zealand. His Gothic designs constructed in both wood and stone in the province are considered to be unique to New Zealand. Today he is considered the founding architect of the province of Canterbury.

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The "toccata from "L'Orfeo, composed by "Claudio Monteverdi in 1607. Performed by "Trisdee and the Bangkok Baroque Ensemble.


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