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The Arts Portal

"Apollo Belvedere

""Apollo Belvedere

"The arts is a vast subdivision of "culture, composed of many creative endeavors and disciplines. It is a broader term than ""art", which, as a description of a field, usually means only the "visual arts. The arts encompass the "visual arts, the "literary arts and the "performing arts – "music, "theatre, "dance and "film, among others. This list is by no means comprehensive, but only meant to introduce the concept of the arts. For all intents and purposes, the history of the arts begins with the "history of art. The arts might have origins in early human evolutionary prehistory.

Ancient Greek art saw the veneration of the animal form and the development of equivalent skills to show musculature, poise, beauty and anatomically correct proportions. "Ancient Roman art depicted gods as idealized humans, shown with characteristic distinguishing features (e.g. "Jupiter's thunderbolt). In "Byzantine and "Gothic art of the "Middle Ages, the dominance of the church insisted on the expression of biblical and not material truths. Eastern art has generally worked in a style akin to Western medieval art, namely a concentration on surface patterning and local colour (meaning the plain colour of an object, such as basic red for a red robe, rather than the modulations of that colour brought about by light, shade and reflection). A characteristic of this style is that the local colour is often defined by an outline (a contemporary equivalent is the cartoon). This is evident in, for example, the art of "India, "Tibet and "Japan. Religious "Islamic art forbids iconography, and expresses religious ideas through geometry instead. The physical and rational certainties depicted by the 19th-century Enlightenment were shattered not only by new discoveries of relativity by "Einstein and of unseen psychology by "Freud, but also by unprecedented technological development. Paradoxically the expressions of new technologies were greatly influenced by the ancient tribal arts of Africa and Oceania, through the works of Paul Gauguin and the Post-Impressionists, Pablo Picasso and the Cubists, as well as the Futurists and others.

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""The Garden of Earthly Delights by Hieronymus Bosch
"The Garden of Earthly Delights is a "triptych painted by the "early Netherlandish master "Hieronymus Bosch (c. 1450–1516), housed in the "Museo del Prado in "Madrid since 1939. Dating from 1503 and 1504, when Bosch was about 50 years old, it is his best-known and most ambitious work. Bosch's "masterpiece reveals the artist at the height of his powers. The triptych comprises three sections, a square inner panel with rectangular panels on either side which close as shutters. The panels are painted in "oil, the exterior panels of the shutters being in "grisaille. The outer wings, when folded shut, show the earth during the "Creation. The three scenes of the inner triptych are probably intended to be read chronologically from left to right. The left panel depicts God presenting to "Adam the newly created "Eve. The central panel is a broad panorama of sexually engaged nude figures, fantastical animals, oversized and gorged fruit, and hybrid stone formations. The right panel is a hellscape and portrays the torments of "damnation. "Art historians and critics frequently interpret the painting as a didactic warning on the perils of life's temptations. American writer "Peter S. Beagle describes it as an "erotic derangement that turns us all into voyeurs, a place filled with the intoxicating air of perfect liberty".

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""Louis-Marie AutissierCredit: "Louis-Marie Autissier

A "self-portrait of "Louis-Marie Autissier (1772–1830), a French-born Belgian "portrait miniature painter. He is considered the founder of the Belgian school of miniature painting in the nineteenth century. Born at "Vannes, in "Brittany, he joined the "French Revolutionary Army at "Rennes in 1791. On leaving the army in 1795, Autissier went to Paris and trained his art by studying paintings at the "Louvre. In 1796 he settled in "Brussels, but continued to divide his time between Belgium, the Netherlands, and France. Although he enjoyed great success in his career, serving as "court painter to "Louis Napoleon, French King of the Netherlands, and later to "Willem I, Autissier died penniless.

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""Roman Vishniac, c. 1981
"Roman Vishniac was a renowned Russian-American "photographer, best known for capturing on film the culture of "Jews in "Eastern Europe before the "Holocaust. He was, however, an extremely diverse photographer, an accomplished "biologist and a knowledgeable student and teacher of "art history. Throughout his life, he made significant scientific contributions to the fields of "photomicroscopy and "time-lapse photography. He later became a teacher and collector of historic art and artifacts. Vishniac was very interested in history, especially that of his ancestors. In turn, he was strongly tied to his Jewish roots and was a "Zionist later in life. Roman Vishniac won international acclaim for his photography: his pictures from the "shtetlach and Jewish ghettos, celebrity portraits, and images of microscopic biology. He is known for his book A Vanished World, published in 1947, which was one of the first such pictorial documentations of Jewish culture in Eastern Europe from that period. He is known also for his extreme humanism and respect and awe for life, sentiments that can be seen in all aspects of his work.

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Instrumental version of the most famous song from the 1921 musical "Shuffle Along, recorded during its original Broadway run. Later used as a presidential campaign song for "Harry Truman.


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