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""A signature in black. The letters "B" and an "O" are clearly legible.

The Barack Obama Portal

""A portrait shot of a serious looking middle-aged African-American male looking straight ahead. He has short black hair, and is wearing a dark navy blazer with a blue striped tie over a light blue collared shirt. In the background are two flags hanging from separate flagpoles: an American flag, and one from the Executive Office of the President.

"Barack Hussein Obama II ("/bəˈrɑːk hˈsn ˈbɑːmə/ (""About this sound listen); born August 4, 1961) is an American politician who served as the "44th President of the United States from January 20, 2009 to January 20, 2017. The first "African American to assume the presidency, he was previously the "junior United States Senator from "Illinois from 2005 to 2008. Before that, he served in the "Illinois State Senate from 1997 until 2004.

Obama was born in 1961 in "Honolulu, Hawaii, two years after the territory was "admitted to the Union as the "50th state. Raised largely in Hawaii, Obama also spent one year of his childhood in "Washington State and four years in "Indonesia. After graduating from "Columbia University in 1983, he worked as a "community organizer in "Chicago. In 1988 Obama enrolled in "Harvard Law School, where he was the first black president of the "Harvard Law Review. After graduation, he became a "civil rights attorney and professor and taught "constitutional law at the "University of Chicago Law School from 1992 to 2004. Obama "represented the 13th District for three terms in the "Illinois Senate from 1997 to 2004, when he "ran for the U.S. Senate. Obama received national attention in 2004 with "his unexpected March primary win, his well-received July "Democratic National Convention "keynote address, and his landslide November election to the Senate. In 2008, Obama was nominated for president a year after "his campaign began and after "a close primary campaign against "Hillary Clinton. He was "elected over "Republican "John McCain and was "inaugurated on January 20, 2009. Nine months later, Obama was named the "2009 Nobel Peace Prize laureate, accepting the award with the caveat that he felt there were others "far more deserving of this honor than I."

During his first two years in office, Obama signed many landmark bills into law. The main reforms were the "Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (often referred to as "Obamacare", shortened as the "Affordable Care Act"), the "Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, and the "Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act of 2010. The "American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 and "Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010 served as "economic stimulus amidst the "Great Recession. After a lengthy debate over the national "debt limit, Obama signed the "Budget Control and the "American Taxpayer Relief Acts. In foreign policy, Obama increased U.S. troop levels in "Afghanistan, reduced nuclear weapons with the United States–Russia "New START treaty, and "ended military involvement in the "Iraq War. He ordered "military involvement in Libya in opposition to "Muammar Gaddafi; Gaddafi was "killed by NATO-assisted forces, and he also ordered the military operation that resulted in the deaths "of Osama bin Laden and suspected Yemeni "Al-Qaeda operative "Anwar al-Awlaki.

After winning "re-election by defeating Republican opponent "Mitt Romney, Obama was "sworn in for a second term in 2013. During his second term, Obama promoted inclusiveness for "LGBT Americans. His administration filed briefs that urged the "Supreme Court to strike down "same-sex marriage bans as unconstitutional ("United States v. Windsor and "Obergefell v. Hodges). Obama advocated for "gun control in response to the "Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting, and issued wide-ranging executive actions concerning "climate change and immigration. In foreign policy, Obama ordered "military intervention in Iraq in response to "gains made by "ISIL after the 2011 withdrawal from Iraq, continued the process of "ending U.S. combat operations in Afghanistan, promoted discussions that led to the 2015 "Paris Agreement on global climate change, initiated "sanctions against Russia following the "invasion in Ukraine and again after "Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections, brokered a "nuclear deal with Iran, and "normalized U.S. relations with Cuba. Obama left office in January 2017 with a 60% approval rating and currently resides in Washington, D.C. Since leaving office, his presidency has been "favorably ranked by historians and the general public. Obama also enjoyed a high global approval rating, and the United States' reputation saw a dramatic upward shift during his presidency.

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""Three booking shots of one unsmiling man each stitched together.

The "2008 Barack Obama assassination plot in Denver refers to an alleged plot by Shawn Robert Adolf, Tharin Robert Gartrell and Nathan Dwaine Johnson to assassinate Barack Obama, then the 2008 "Democratic Party presidential nominee. The trio allegedly planned to shoot Senator Obama with a high-powered rifle during the "Democratic National Convention in "Denver, "Colorado.

The alleged motive for the attempted assassination was a "white supremacist belief that an African American should not be elected President of the United States. Gartrell was arrested August 24, 2008, and found to be in possession of rifles and other weaponry; Adolf and Johnson were arrested shortly thereafter. In a televised interview after his arrest, Johnson identified Adolf as the man who allegedly hatched the assassination plot and planned to be the shooter.

Although suspected white supremacist associations led federal authorities to investigate possible ties to a larger group, authorities later downplayed the trio as drug addicts who had little chance of actually carrying out the plot. The three men were charged with drug and weapons charges, but did not face federal charges of threatening a presidential candidate.

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""On the left side of a patterned sofa, a man with gray hair, wearing a blue blazer and blue jeans is holding a green folder, while on the right side, a man with short dark hair in a black suit and red tie laughs.

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""Barack Obama, in a dark suit, holding up his right hand, with Michelle Obama in yellow next to him, both facing a judge, with many onlookers in the background.
Credit: Master Sgt. Cecilio Ricardo, "U.S. Air Force
Barack Obama is "sworn in as the 44th "president of the United States in "Washington, D.C., Jan. 20, 2009.

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"Presidency: "Timeline (2009) • "Timeline (2010) • "First 100 days • "Foreign policy • "Political positions • "Public image • "Judicial appointments • "Presidential transition • "Cabinet confirmations • "Supreme Court candidates • "Speech to Congress (2009) • "Inauguration • "Unofficial inauguration events • "We Are One: The Obama Inaugural Celebration at the Lincoln Memorial • "Barack Obama Presidential Library and Museum

"2008 campaign: "2008 presidential election • "2008 presidential election timeline • "2008 Campaign endorsements • "2008 presidential primary campaign • "Victory speech (2008) • "Jeremiah Wright controversy • "Bill Ayers controversy • "Endorsement by Oprah Winfrey • "Republican and conservative support • "Newspaper endorsements • "Inauguration invitations • "2008 Democratic National Convention • ""A More Perfect Union" • "2008 campaign staff members • "Endorsements from state, local and territory officials • "Results of the 2008 Democratic Party presidential primaries • "Opinion polling for 2008 election • "Comparison of candidates • "Congressional endorsements • "International reaction • "Opinion polling for 2008 Democratic Party candidates • "South Carolina Democratic primary, 2008 • "United States presidential election in Iowa, 2008

Career: "Electoral history of Barack Obama • "Early life and career • "U.S. Senate career • "Illinois Senate career • "Illinois Senate elections • "Bills sponsored in U.S. Senate • "2004 Democratic National Convention keynote address • "United States Senate election in Illinois, 2004 • "Illinois's 1st congressional district election, 2000

"Family: "Michelle Obama • "Marian Shields Robinson • "Bo • "Sunny • "Ann Dunham • "Barack Obama, Sr. • "Lolo Soetoro • "Madelyn Dunham • "Maya Soetoro-Ng • "Stanley Armour Dunham • "Zeituni Onyango • "Craig Robinson • "Capers Funnye

Books and Other Publications: "The Audacity of Hope"Dreams from My Father"The Speech: Race and Barack Obama's "A More Perfect Union""Barack Obama – Der schwarze Kennedy"The Obama Nation"The Case Against Barack ObamaUnited States Health Care Reform: Progress to Date and Next Steps

Miscellaneous: "List of places named after Barack Obama • "Barack Obama Academy • "Caloplaca obamae • "Obama Day • "Barack Obama "Hope" poster • "Obama logo • "Barack Obama (comic character) • "Barack Obama assassination plot in Denver • "Barack Obama assassination plot in Tennessee • ""There's No One as Irish as Barack O'Bama" • ""Yes We Can" • "Nyang’oma Kogelo • "Barack Obama citizenship conspiracy theories

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