"Björk Guðmundsdóttir (born 21 November 1965) is an Icelandic singer, songwriter, actress, record producer, and DJ. Over her four-decade career, she has developed an eclectic musical style that draws on a range of influences and genres spanning "electronic, "pop, "experimental, "classical, "trip hop, "IDM, and "avant-garde. She became known as the lead singer of the "alternative rock band "the Sugarcubes, whose 1987 single ""Birthday" was a hit on US and UK indie stations and a favorite among music critics. Björk embarked on a solo career in 1993, coming to prominence as a solo artist with albums such as "Debut (1993), "Post (1995), and "Homogenic (1997), while collaborating with a range of artists and exploring a variety of multimedia projects.
Several of Björk's albums have reached the top 20 on the "Billboard 200 chart, the most recent being her 2015 album "Vulnicura. Björk has had 30 singles reach the top 40 on pop charts around the world, with 22 top 40 hits in the UK, including the "top 10 hits ""It's Oh So Quiet", ""Army of Me", and ""Hyperballad". She is reported to have sold between 20 and 40 million records worldwide as of 2015. She has been ranked twenty-ninth in "VH1's "The 100 Greatest Women in Music", eighth in "MTV's "22 Greatest Voices in Music", sixtieth in "Rolling Stone's "100 Greatest Singers of All Time", and was recognized in "NPR's "50 Great Voices" feature for her "celestial voice."
Björk has won five "BRIT Awards, four "MTV Video Music Awards, one "MOJO Award, three "UK Music Video Awards, 21 "Icelandic Music Awards and, in 2010, the "Polar Music Prize from the "Royal Swedish Academy of Music in recognition of her "deeply personal music and lyrics, her precise arrangements and her unique voice." She has also been nominated for 14 "Grammy Awards, one "Academy Award, and two "Golden Globe Awards. In 2015, Björk was included in "Time Magazine's list of the "100 most influential people in the world. She won the "Best Actress Award at the "2000 Cannes Film Festival for her performance in the film "Dancer in the Dark. A full-scale "retrospective exhibition dedicated to Björk was held at the "Museum of Modern Art in 2015.
"Debut is the second studio album by Icelandic singer-songwriter "Björk. The album was released in July 1993 on "One Little Indian Records in the United Kingdom and "Elektra Records in the United States. Björk worked on the album with producer "Nellee Hooper who co-wrote five of Debut's songs with her. The album mostly consists of love songs relating to subjects such as her boyfriend Dominic Thrupp, her producer Nellee Hooper and to love of life itself. Musically, the songs on this album took a different direction from her previous albums with her former band "The Sugarcubes, with the backing music ranging from "house, "jazz and "trip hop styles.
Most of the songs from Debut were written years prior to the production of the album. As well as working with "Graham Massey, Björk wanted to work with jazz musicians and contacted "Oliver Lake and "Corky Hale to record jazz arrangements to some of the songs. After meeting producer Nellee Hooper, the two completed production on the album in 1993. On Debut's initial release, the album sold far greater than her label predicted, charting at number three in the United Kingdom and sixty-one in the United States. The album was "certified gold in Canada and platinum in the United States. Debut received widespread critical acclaim from British critics who praised Björk's vocals and the choice of a wide range of musical styles on the album. In the United States, the album received more mixed reviews, with some critics complaining about the lack of rock music on Debut.
Five singles were released from Debut: ""Human Behaviour", ""Venus as a Boy", ""Play Dead", ""Big Time Sensuality" and ""Violently Happy". Despite the continued praise from critics, Björk did not find Debut to be one of her best albums stating that she will and has made better music on later works.