is a "North American
country consisting of "ten provinces and three territories
. Located in the northern part of the continent, it extends from the "Atlantic Ocean
in the east to the "Pacific Ocean
in the west and northward into the "Arctic Ocean
. It is the world's second largest "country by total area
. Canada's "common border
with the "United States
to the south and northwest is the longest in the world.
The land that is now Canada was inhabited for millennia by various groups of "Aboriginal peoples. Beginning in the late 15th century, "British and "French expeditions explored, and later settled, along the Atlantic coast. France ceded nearly all of "its colonies in North America in 1763 after the "Seven Years' War. In 1867, with the union of three "British North American colonies through "Confederation, Canada was formed as a "federal "dominion of four provinces. This began an "accretion of provinces and territories and a process of increasing autonomy from the "United Kingdom. This widening autonomy was highlighted by the "Statute of Westminster of 1931 and culminated in the "Canada Act of 1982, which severed the vestiges of legal dependence on the "British parliament.
Canada is a "federation that is governed as a "parliamentary democracy and a "constitutional monarchy with "Queen Elizabeth II as its "head of state. It is a "bilingual nation with both "English and "French as official languages at the federal level. One of the world's "highly developed countries, Canada has a diversified economy that is reliant upon its abundant natural resources and upon trade—particularly with the United States, with which Canada has had a "long and complex relationship. It is a member of the "G7, "G-20, "NATO, "OECD, "WTO, "Commonwealth, "Francophonie, "OAS, "APEC, and "UN.
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The "Canadian federal election of 1993
(officially, the 35th general election
) was held on October 25 of that year to elect members to the "Canadian House of Commons
of the "35th Parliament
of Canada. Fourteen parties competed for the 295 seats in the House at that time. It was one of the most eventful elections in Canada's history, with more than half of the electorate switching parties from the "1988 election
. The "Liberals
, led by "Jean Chrétien
, won a strong majority in the House and formed the next government of Canada.
The election was called by the new "Progressive Conservative Party leader, Prime Minister "Kim Campbell, near the end of her party's five-year mandate. When she assumed office, the party was deeply unpopular, and was further weakened by the emergence of new parties that were competing for its core supporters. Campbell's initial efforts helped the party recover somewhat in pre-election polls before the "writs were issued. However, this momentum did not last, and the Conservatives suffered the most lopsided defeat for a governing party at the federal level, losing more than half their vote from 1988 and all but two of their 151 seats. Though they recovered slightly in the 1997 election, the Progressive Conservatives lost seats in 2000 and would never be a major force in Canadian politics again. In 2003, the Progressive Conservative Party disappeared entirely when it merged with the larger "Canadian Alliance party to create the new "Conservative Party of Canada.
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(born April 11, 1970) is a retired "Canadian
professional "ice hockey
player. He played "centre
and "right wing
for the "Vancouver Canucks
of the "National Hockey League
(NHL). Since joining the league in "1988
, he has played with four different teams: the Canucks (in two stints), "New York Islanders
, "Montreal Canadiens
, and "Washington Capitals
. Before joining the NHL, Linden captained the "Medicine Hat Tigers
of the "Western Hockey League
(WHL) to consecutive "Memorial Cup
championships. In addition to appearing in two "NHL All-Star games
, Linden was a member of the "1998
"Canadian Olympic team
and participated in the "1996 World Cup of Hockey
Throughout his career, Linden has been recognized as a respected leader on and off the ice. He was named captain of the Canucks at the age of 21, making him one of the youngest captains in league history. While captaining the Canucks, Linden led the team to within a game of winning the "Stanley Cup in "1994. In 1998 he was elected President of the "National Hockey League Players' Association (NHLPA), a position he held for eight years. Off the ice, Linden has taken an active role in charities, and was awarded the "King Clancy Memorial Trophy for leadership on the ice and humanitarian contributions off the ice in "1997, as well as the "NHL Foundation Player Award in "2008. After 19 seasons in the NHL, Linden announced his retirement at a news conference in Vancouver on June 11, 2008 The official announcement came twenty years to the day of initially being drafted by Vancouver.
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Symbols of Canada -
"Rosa acicularis also known as the prickly wild rose, the prickly rose, the bristly rose and the Arctic rose, is a species of wild "rose with a "Holarctic distribution. It is the official flower of the "Canadian province of "Alberta and is located throughout the province and Western Canada...
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