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The Fashion Portal

""Victorian fashion
""Swinging London, 1969
"Fashion design is the "art of the application of "design and "aesthetics or natural beauty to "clothing and "accessories. The term "fashion refers to a distinctive and often habitual trend in the style with which a person dresses, as well as to prevailing styles in behaviour. Fashion design is influenced by cultural and social latitudes, and has varied over time and place. Fashion designers work in a number of ways in designing clothing and accessories. Some work alone or as part of a team. They attempt to satisfy consumer desire for aesthetically designed clothing; and, because of the time required to bring a garment onto the market, must at times "anticipate changing consumer tastes.

Fashion design is generally considered to have started in the 19th century with "Charles Frederick Worth who was the first designer to have his "label sewn into the garments that he created. Before the former "draper set up his maison couture (fashion house) in "Paris, clothing design and creation was handled by largely anonymous seamstresses, and high fashion descended from that worn at royal courts. Worth's success was such that he was able to dictate to his customers what they should wear, instead of following their lead as earlier dressmakers had done. The term couturier was in fact first created in order to describe him. While all articles of clothing from any time period are studied by academics as costume design, only clothing created after 1858 could be considered as fashion design.

""Sunbonnet (PSF).svg More about… "Fashion design, its "history and "evolution

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""Woman wearing bikini in Chicago (1973)
The "history of the bikini is a checkered one. Though the "bikini shocked when it appeared on French beaches in 1947, its origins date back millennia. Depictions of bikini-like garments appear at the "Chalcolithic site of "Çatalhöyük, and two-piece bikini-like garments were worn by women for athletic purposes in "Ancient Greece as far back as 1400 BC. "Roman mosaic artwork in "Sicily, dubbed "Bikini Girls" and dating back to the reign of "Diocletian (286-305 AD) gained significant archeological renown, and Roman statues of "Venus in a bikini were found elsewhere. In the modern era, the first functional two-piece swimsuit was designed in 1913 by "Carl Jantzen. Australian swimmer-performer "Annette Kellermann was arrested in 1907 for wearing a two-piece. Later it was made popular by "pin-up girls like swimmer-actress "Esther Williams, and actresses "Ava Gardner, "Rita Hayworth, and "Lana Turner. The modern bikini was invented by "French engineer "Louis Réard in 1946. He named it after "Bikini Atoll in the Pacific, the site of an "atomic bomb test on July 1, 1946. Réard hoped that the burst of excitement it caused would be as explosive as an atomic bomb.

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""Maik' (apprentice geisha) and nape make-up
Credit: "Daniel Bachler

A photo of two maiko (apprentice "geisha), with the typical "make-up clearly visible, leaving portions of the "nape uncovered. This is done to accentuate what is a traditionally "erotic area. The white face make-up is supposed to resemble a "mask, and a line of bare skin around the "hairline helps create that illusion. Established geisha generally wear full white face makeup characteristic of maiko only during special performances.

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""Milla Jovovich
"Milla Jovovich ("/ˈjvəvɪ/ "YOH-və-vich; born Milica Jovović is an American model, actress, musician, and fashion designer. During her career, she has appeared in a number of "science fiction and "action-themed films, earning her the "sobriquet "reigning queen of kick-butt" from the music channel "VH1 in 2006. Jovovich began modeling when "Herb Ritts photographed her for the cover of the Italian magazine Lei ("She") in 1987. "Richard Avedon then featured her in "Revlon's "Most Unforgettable Women in the World" advertisements and she also appeared in campaigns for "L'Oréal cosmetics, "Banana Republic, "Christian Dior, "Donna Karan, and "Versace. Jovovich and fellow model Carmen Hawk launched a line of clothing called "Jovovich-Hawk in 2003. The pair opened a showroom in New York City's "Greenwich Village on September 13, 2005, and the line lasted for four years. All of the dresses for Jovovich-Hawk line were designed by herself and her partner Carmen Hawk, in The "atelier is based in Los Angeles, but pieces could be found at "Fred Segal in Los Angeles, "Harvey Nichols, and over 50 stores around the world. "Vogue has praised the line for its "girl-about-town cult status most designers spend years trying to achieve." In November 2006, the "Council of Fashion Designers of America (CFDA) and US Vogue nominated Jovovich-Hawk for the CFDA/Vogue Fashion Fund Award. Jovovich-Hawk was nominated as a finalist, although "Doo-Ri Chung took the top prize.

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""Swan dress of Björk


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You can’t be melancholy in fashion because people don’t respond to it.

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"Fashion design "History • "Haute couture • "Ready-to-wear • "Costume design • "Jewelry design • "German • "French • "Italian • "South American • "Pattern • "Tailor • "Textile • "Stylist • "Buyer • "Dressmaker • "Illustration • "Forecasting • "Model • "Fitting model • "Journalism

"History of Western fashion "Ancient world • "Egyptian • "Biblical • "Greek • "Roman • "Byzantine • "Early Medieval • "Anglo-Saxon • "12th century • "13th century • "14th century • "15th century • "1500–1550 • "1550–1600 • "1600–1650 • "1650–1700 • "1700–1750 • "1750–1775 • "1775–1795 • "1795–1820 • "1820s • "Victorian • "1830s • "1840s • "1850s • "1860s • "1870s • "1890s • "1900s • "1910s • "1920s • "1930-1945 • "1945-1956 • "1960s • "1970s • "1980s • "1990s • "2000s • "2010s

"Materials • "Cotton • "Fur • "Leather • "Linen • "Nylon • "Polyester • "Rayon • "Silk • "Spandex • "Wool

"Dresses "Ball gown • "Cocktail dress • "Débutante dress • "Evening gown • "Gown • "Jumper dress • "Little black dress • "Petticoat • "Sari • "Shirtdress • "Sundress • "Tea gown • "Wedding dress • "Wrap dress

"Footwear • "Stocking • "TightsToe Tights • "Leg warmer • "Leggings • "Athletic shoe • "Boot • "Court shoe • "Dress shoe • "Flip-flops • "Hosiery • "Sandal • "Shoe • "Slipper • "Sock • "Toe Sock

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"Tops "Blouse • "Crop top • "Dress shirt • "Halterneck • "Henley shirt • "Hoodie • "Jersey • "Guernsey • "Poet shirt • "Polo shirt • "Shirt • "Sleeveless shirt • "Sweater • "Sweater vest • "T-shirt • "Tube top • "Turtleneck • "Twinset

"Trousers or pants "Bell-bottoms • "Bermuda shorts • "Bondage pants • "Capri pants • "Cargo pants • "Culottes • "Cycling shorts • "Dress pants • "Jeans • "Jodhpurs • "Overall • "Parachute pants • "Phat pants • "Shorts • "Sweatpants • "Windpants • "Yoga pants

"Skirts • "A-line skirt • "Denim skirt • "Leather skirt • "Men's skirts • "Microskirt • "Miniskirt • "Pencil skirt • "Prairie skirt • "Rah-rah skirt • "Skort • "Wrap

"Suits and "uniforms • "Academic dress • "Black tie • "Cleanroom suit • "Clerical clothing • "Court dress • "Gymslip • "Jumpsuit • "Kasaya • "Lab coat • "Morning dress • "Pantsuit • "Red Sea rig • "Romper suit • "Scrubs • "Stroller • "Tuxedo • "White tie

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