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The Film Portal

""Portal film-illustration 01
"Film is a term that encompasses individual motion pictures, the field of film as an art form, and the "motion picture industry. Films are produced by "recording images from the world with "cameras, or by creating images using "animation techniques or "special effects.

Film is an important "art form; films entertain, educate, enlighten, and inspire audiences. The visual elements of cinema need no "translation, giving the motion picture a universal power of communication. Films are also artifacts created by specific "cultures, which reflect those cultures, and in turn, affect them.

Traditional films are made up of a series of individual images called frames. When these images are shown rapidly in succession, a viewer has the illusion that motion is occurring. The viewer cannot see the flickering between "frames due to a combination of physiological and psychological effects. One is known as "persistence of vision—whereby the eye retains a visual image for a fraction of a second after the source has been removed. Viewers also perceive motion due to psychological effects called "beta movement and the "phi phenomenon.

The origin of the name "film" comes from the fact that "photographic film (also called "film stock) has historically been the primary "medium for recording and displaying motion pictures. Many other terms exist for an individual motion picture, including picture; picture show; photo-play; flick; and most commonly, movie. Additional terms for the field in general include the big screen; the silver screen; the cinema; and the movies.

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""Halloween II
"Halloween III: Season of the Witch is a 1982 "horror film and the third in the "Halloween series. It is the only Halloween film that does not feature a plot revolving around the character "Michael Myers. Directed by "Tommy Lee Wallace, the film stars "Tom Atkins as Dr. Dan Challis, "Stacey Nelkin as Ellie Grimbridge, and "Dan O'Herlihy as Conal Cochran. The plot focuses on an investigation by Challis and Grimbridge into the activities of Cochran, the mysterious owner of the Silver Shamrock Novelties company, in the week approaching "Halloween night. Besides wholly abandoning the Michael Myers plotline, Halloween III departs from the "slasher film genre which the original "Halloween spawned in 1978. The focus on a psychotic killer is replaced by a ""mad scientist and "witchcraft" theme. Moreover, the frequency of graphic violence and gore is less than that of "Halloween II (1981), although scenes that depict the deaths of characters remain intense. Produced on a budget of $2.5 million, Halloween III grossed $14.4 million at the "box office in the "United States, making it the poorest performing film in the Halloween series at the time. In addition to weak box office returns, most critics gave the film negative reviews. Cultural and film historians have read significance into the film's plot, linking it to critiques of large "corporations and American "consumerism.

Selected picture

""Bolex H16 Reflex camera
Credit: "Janke

A "16 mm spring-wound "Bolex H16 Reflex camera, a popular introductory camera in "film schools. Bolex cameras were particularly important for early television news, nature films, documentaries and the avant garde, and are still favoured by many "animators today.

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""Aaron Sorkin in June 2006
"Aaron Sorkin is an "American "screenwriter, "producer and "playwright. His stageplay "A Few Good Men caught the attention of Hollywood producer "David Brown, who bought the film rights before the play even premiered. "Castle Rock Entertainment hired Sorkin to adapt A Few Good Men for the big screen. The movie, directed by "Rob Reiner, became a box office success. Sorkin spent the early 1990s writing two other screenplays at Castle Rock for the films "Malice and "The American President. In the mid-1990s he worked as a "script doctor on films such as "Schindler's List and "Bulworth. In 1998 his television career began when he created the TV comedy series "Sports Night for the "ABC network. Sports Night's second season was its last, and in 1999 overlapped with the debut of Sorkin's next TV series, the multiple "Emmy-award-winning political drama "The West Wing, this time for the "NBC network. In 2006, after a three year hiatus, he returned to television with a "dramedy called "Studio 60 on the Sunset Strip, about the backstage drama at a late night sketch comedy show, once again for the NBC network. His recent feature film screenplay is "Charlie Wilson's War, which was set to open in movie theaters on Christmas day 2007.

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""Judy Garland as Dorothy Gale in The Wizard of Oz, one of her two 1939 films for which she received an Academy Juvenile Award
"Judy Garland received numerous "awards and honors in the course of a career that spanned over 40 years. Garland won or was nominated for awards for her work in motion pictures, television, music recording and on stage. She was twice nominated for an "Academy Award and was awarded a special "Academy Juvenile Award in 1940. Garland won a "Golden Globe Award and was nominated for a second, and she received a special "Tony Award for her record-breaking concert run at New York's "Palace Theatre. Garland won two "Grammy Awards for her concert album "Judy at Carnegie Hall. Garland has also received a number of posthumous awards and honors. She was the recipient of a "Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award and several of her recordings have been inducted into the "Grammy Hall of Fame. She has twice been honored on United States postage stamps and has a star on the "Hollywood Walk of Fame. The "American Film Institute has repeatedly recognized her talent, placing Garland eighth on its list of the top 100 female stars of all time and placing five of her recordings in its list of the 100 best songs from films, including ""Over the Rainbow" at number one.



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We in Hollywood say that the script is a blueprint. I think a script is more. I think the director, the actor, the cameraman, have to be servants on the script. I hate to change anything in the script on the stage. I prepare my directions on the desk. Sometimes naturally to change something in the studio, but generally I'm not changing anything.

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Terms - "Animation • "Beta movement • "Camera • "Cult film • "Digital cinema • "Documentary film • "Dubbing • "Experimental film • "Fan film • "Film crew • "Film criticism • "Film festival • "Film frame • "Film genre • "Film journals and magazines • "Film industry • "Film manifesto • "Film stock • "Film theory • "Filmmaking • "History of film • "Independent film • "Lost film • "Movie star • "Narrative film • "Open content film • "Persistence of vision • "Photographic film • "Propaganda • "Recording medium • "Special effect • "Subtitles • "Sound stage • "Web film • "World cinema

Lists - "List of basic film topics • "List of film topics • "List of films • "List of film festivals • "List of film formats • "List of film series • "List of film techniques • "List of highest-grossing films • "List of longest films by running time • "List of songs based on a film or book • "Lists of film source material • "List of open content films

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