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Welcome to the France Portal!
Bienvenue sur le Portail France !

""Flag "France
Map of France in the world and position of its largest single land territory in continental Europe.

France, officially the French Republic ("French : République française), is a country whose "metropolitan territory is located in "Western Europe and that also comprises a collection of overseas islands and territories located in "North America, the "Caribbean, "South America, the "Indian Ocean and the "Pacific Ocean. France is the largest country in Western Europe (674,843 km² with its overseas départements). With a population of 67 million inhabitants, France is the second most populous country in Western Europe (after "Germany) and the 20th largest in the world. "Paris is the capital of France and the country's most populous city, with over 12 million people in its "aire urbaine; "Lyon is the second largest city with 2.2 million people (associated with "Villeurbanne), and the third is "Marseille with 1.7 million people.

The French Republic is a "democracy which is organised as a "unitary "semi-presidential "republic. It has the "fifth-largest economy in the world in nominal terms. Its main ideals are expressed in the "Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen. France is one of the founding members of the "European Union, and has the largest land area of all members. France is also a founding member of the "United Nations, and a member of the "G7, "G8, "NATO, and the "Latin Union. It is one of the five permanent members of the "United Nations Security Council wielding veto power, and it is also one of eight acknowledged "nuclear powers. With almost 82 million foreign tourists each year, France is the most popular international tourist destination in the world.

"French is the official national language, but each region has its own unique accent; additionally, there are several other "languages of France traditionally spoken, although their use has greatly decreased over the past two centuries. French is also an "official language in 41 countries, most of which form what is called "la Francophonie, the community of French-speaking nations.

More about... "France, its "history and "inhabitants
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""The Battle of Vimy Ridge, a painting by Richard Jack. Canadian War Museum.
The Battle of Vimy Ridge was a military engagement fought primarily as part of the "Battle of Arras, in the "Nord-Pas-de-Calais region of "France, during the "First World War. The main combatants were the "Canadian Corps, of four divisions, against three divisions of the "German Sixth Army. The battle, which took place from 9 to 12 April 1917, was part of the opening phase of the British-led Battle of Arras, a diversionary attack for the French "Nivelle Offensive.

The objective of the Canadian Corps was to take control of the German-held high ground along an "escarpment at the northernmost end of the Arras Offensive. Supported by a "creeping barrage, the Canadian Corps captured most of the ridge during the first day of the attack. The town of "Thélus fell during the second day of the attack, as did the crest of the ridge once the Canadian Corps overcame a "salient of considerable German resistance. The final objective, a fortified knoll located outside the town of "Givenchy-en-Gohelle, fell to the Canadian Corps on 12 April. The German forces then retreated to the "Oppy–"Méricourt line.

Historians attribute the success of the Canadian Corps in capturing the ridge to a mixture of technical and tactical innovation, meticulous planning, powerful artillery support and extensive training, as well as the failure of the German Sixth Army to properly apply the new German defensive doctrine. A 100 "ha (250 "acres) portion of the former battleground serves as a preserved memorial park and site of the "Canadian National Vimy Memorial.

Selected biography

"Émile Michel Hyacinthe Lemoine (1840–1912) was a "French "civil engineer and a "mathematician, a "geometer in particular. He was educated at a variety of institutions, including the "Prytanée National Militaire and, most notably, the "École Polytechnique. Lemoine taught as a private tutor for a short period after his graduation from the latter school.

Lemoine is best known for his proof of the existence of the "Lemoine point (or the symmedian point) of a "triangle. Other mathematical work includes a system he called Géométrographie and a method which related "algebraic expressions to geometric objects. He has been called a co-founder of modern triangle geometry, as many of its characteristics are present in his work.

For most of his life, Lemoine was a professor of mathematics at the École Polytechnique. In later years, he worked as a civil engineer in "Paris, and he also took an amateur's interest in "music. During his tenure at the École Polytechnique and as a civil engineer, Lemoine published several "papers on mathematics, most of which are included in a fourteen-page section in "Nathan Altshiller Court's College Geometry. Additionally, he founded a mathematical "journal titled, L'intermédiaire des mathématiciens.

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"Mont-Saint-Michel in Normandy.
Photo credit: Jakob Voss

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""A steel engraving of the plaster full-scale model.

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Parent portals: "Europe | "European Union

Related portals: "French literature | "Lyon | "Paris | "Military history of France | "Napoleonic Wars | "New France | "French language and French-speaking world

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