The Greek mythology Portal
Greek mythology is the body of "myths and "legends belonging to the "ancient Greeks concerning their "gods and "heroes, "the nature of the world, and the origins and significance of their own "cult and "ritual practices. They are a part of "religion in Greece. Modern scholars refer to the myths and study them in an attempt to throw light on the religious and political institutions of Ancient Greece, its civilization, and to gain understanding of the nature of myth-making itself.
Greek mythology is embodied explicitly in a large collection of narratives and implicitly in representational arts, such as "vase-paintings and "votive gifts. Greek myth explains the origins of the world and details the lives and adventures of a wide variety of "gods, goddesses, heroes, heroines, and other "mythological creatures. These accounts initially were disseminated in an "oral-poetic tradition; today the Greek myths are known primarily from "Greek literature.
The oldest known Greek literary sources, the "epic poems "Iliad and "Odyssey, focus on events surrounding the "Trojan War. Two poems by "Homer's near contemporary "Hesiod, the "Theogony and the "Works and Days, contain accounts of the genesis of the world, the succession of divine rulers, the succession of human ages, the origin of human woes, and the origin of sacrificial practices. Myths also are preserved in the "Homeric Hymns, in fragments of "epic poems of the "Epic Cycle, in "lyric poems, in the works of the "tragedians of the fifth century BC, in writings of scholars and poets of the "Hellenistic Age and in texts from the time of the "Roman Empire by writers such as "Plutarch and "Pausanias.
"Homer ("Ancient Greek: Ὅμηρος, Hómēros) is a "legendary ancient Greek "epic "poet, traditionally said to be the author of the epic poems the "Iliad and the "Odyssey. The ancient Greeks generally believed that Homer was an historical individual, but modern scholars are skeptical: no reliable biographical information has been handed down from "classical antiquity, and the poems themselves manifestly represent the culmination of many centuries of oral story-telling and a well-developed "formulaic" system of poetic composition. According to "Martin West, "Homer" is "not the name of a historical poet, but a fictitious or constructed name."
The date of Homer's existence was controversial in antiquity and is no less so today. "Herodotus said that Homer lived 400 years before his own time, which would place him at around 850 BC; but other ancient sources gave dates much closer to the supposed time of the "Trojan War.The date of the Trojan War was given as 1194–1184 BC by "Eratosthenes, who strove to establish a scientific chronology of events. For modern scholarship, "the date of Homer" refers to the date of the poems' conception as much as to the lifetime of an individual.
"Ares ("Ancient Greek: Ἄρης "[árɛːs], Μodern "Greek: Άρης "[ˈaris]) is a major deity and a member of the "Twelve Olympians, a son of "Zeus and "Hera, in "Greek mythology. Though often referred to as the Olympian "god of "warfare, he is more accurately the god of "bloodlust, or slaughter personified: "Ares is apparently an ancient abstract noun meaning throng of battle, war." He also presides over the weapons of war, the defence and sacking of cities, rebellion and civil order, banditry, manliness and courage.
The etymology of his name is traditionally connected with the "Greek word ἀρή (are), the "Ionic form of the "Doric ἀρά (ara), "bane, ruin, curse, imprecation". There may also be a connection with the Roman god of war "Mars, via hypothetical "Proto-Indo-European *M̥rēs; compare Ancient Greek μάρναμαι (marnamai), "to fight, to battle", or Hindi and Punjabi maarna (to kill).
He is an important Olympian god in the epic tradition represented by the "Iliad. The reading of his character remains ambiguous, in a late 6th-century funerary inscription from "Attica: "Stay and mourn at the tomb of dead Kroisos/ Whom raging Ares destroyed one day, fighting in the foremost ranks".
Artist: "John Hoppner
In Greek mythology, "Io was the daughter of Inachus, a river god.
- Heracles already meet Theseus when the latter was only seven years old. After Heracles had finished his labours, he came to visit Pittheus in "Troezen where the young Theseus was under the care of his grandfather.
- Theseus was related to his malefactors "Cercyon, "Procrustes and "Sciron. They were all sons of his father Poseidon by other women which makes them technically Theseus' half-brother.
- The daughters of "Pelops married the sons of "Perseus: "Astydameia wedded to "Alcaeus, "Nicippe to "Sthenelus, "Lysidice to "Mestor and "Eurydice to "Electryon. This was made by Pelops to extend to his political power over the whole "Peloponesse. His sons also became great rulers, "Pittheus and "Troezen were kings in Troezen, "Alcathous of "Megara, "Atreus and "Thyestes of "Mycenae and also "Sciron who became a warlord of Megara.
- "Pleisthenes, son of Atreus was either a hermaphrodite or a transvestite.
- "Polydectes pretended that he was going to marry "Hippodamia, daughter of "Oenomaus and ordered the men in "Seriphos to supply him with suitable gifts. This plan was hatched by the king to get rid of "Perseus by sending him to fetch the head of "Medusa because he wanted to marry the hero's mother "Danae.
- The couple, "Admetus and "Alcestis were actually half-cousins because Admetus's father, Pheres whose mother Tyro also bare Pelias, father of Alcestis.
In "Greek mythology, "Achilles ("Ancient Greek: Ἀχιλλεύς) was a "Greek "hero of the "Trojan War, the "central character and the greatest warrior of "Homer's "Iliad. Later legends (beginning with a poem by "Statius in the first century AD) state that Achilles was invulnerable in all of his body except for his "heel. Since he died due to an arrow shot into his heel, the ""Achilles' heel" has come to mean a person's principal weakness.
Achilles was the son of the "nymph "Thetis and "Peleus, the king of the "Myrmidons. "Zeus and "Poseidon had been rivals for the hand of Thetis until "Prometheus, the fire-bringer, warned Zeus of a prophecy that Thetis would bear a son greater than his father. For this reason, the two gods withdrew their pursuit, and had her wed Peleus.
In "Greek mythology, "Echidna was called the "Mother of All "Monsters". Echidna was described by "Hesiod as a female monster spawned in a cave, who mothered with her mate "Typhoeus (or "Typhon) almost every major horrible monster in the Greek myths,
Echidna was usually considered an offspring of "Tartarus and "Gaia, or of "Ceto and "Phorcys (according to "Hesiod) or of "Chrysaor and the "naiad "Callirhoe, or Peiras and "Styx (according to "Pausanias, who did not know who Peiras was aside from her father). Echidna was a "drakaina, with the face and torso of a beautiful woman (depicted as winged in archaic vase-paintings) and the body of a serpent, sometimes having two serpent's tails.. She is also sometimes described as "Karl Kerenyi noted an archaic vase-painting with a pair of echidnas performing sacred rites in a vineyard, while on the opposite side of the vessel, goats were attacking the vines thus "chthonic Echidnae are presented as protectors of the vineyard.
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