The Greek mythology Portal
Greek mythology is the body of "myths and "legends belonging to the "ancient Greeks concerning their "gods and "heroes, "the nature of the world, and the origins and significance of their own "cult and "ritual practices. They are a part of "religion in Greece. Modern scholars refer to the myths and study them in an attempt to throw light on the religious and political institutions of Ancient Greece, its civilization, and to gain understanding of the nature of myth-making itself.
Greek mythology is embodied explicitly in a large collection of narratives and implicitly in representational arts, such as "vase-paintings and "votive gifts. Greek myth explains the origins of the world and details the lives and adventures of a wide variety of "gods, goddesses, heroes, heroines, and other "mythological creatures. These accounts initially were disseminated in an "oral-poetic tradition; today the Greek myths are known primarily from "Greek literature.
The oldest known Greek literary sources, the "epic poems "Iliad and "Odyssey, focus on events surrounding the "Trojan War. Two poems by "Homer's near contemporary "Hesiod, the "Theogony and the "Works and Days, contain accounts of the genesis of the world, the succession of divine rulers, the succession of human ages, the origin of human woes, and the origin of sacrificial practices. Myths also are preserved in the "Homeric Hymns, in fragments of "epic poems of the "Epic Cycle, in "lyric poems, in the works of the "tragedians of the fifth century BC, in writings of scholars and poets of the "Hellenistic Age and in texts from the time of the "Roman Empire by writers such as "Plutarch and "Pausanias.
In "Greek mythology, "Pandora ("ancient Greek, Πανδώρα, derived from πᾶν "all" and δῶρον "gift", thus "giver of all", "all-endowed") was the first woman. As "Hesiod related it, each god helped create her by giving her unique gifts. "Zeus ordered "Hephaestus to mould her out of Earth as part of the punishment of mankind for "Prometheus' theft of the secret of "fire, and all the gods joined in offering her "seductive gifts". Her other name, inscribed against her figure on a "white-ground "kylix in the British Museum, is Anesidora, "she who sends up gifts," up implying "from below" within the earth. According to the myth, Pandora opened a jar ("pithos), in modern accounts sometimes mistranslated as ""Pandora's box" (see below), releasing all the evils of mankind— although the particular evils, aside from plagues and diseases, are not specified in detail by Hesiod — leaving only Hope inside once she had closed it again. She opened the jar out of simple curiosity and not as a malicious act. The myth of Pandora is ancient, appears in several distinct Greek versions, and has been interpreted in many ways.
"Artemis (pronunciation in "Ancient Greek: "[ártemis]) was one of the most widely venerated of the Ancient Greek deities. In the classical period of "Greek mythology, Artemis ("Greek: ("nominative) Ἄρτεμις, ("genitive) Ἀρτέμιδος) was often described as the daughter of "Zeus and "Leto, and the twin sister of "Apollo. She was the Hellenic goddess of the hunt, wild animals, wilderness, childbirth, virginity, fertility, young girls and disease in women and often was depicted as a huntress carrying a bow and arrows. The "deer and the "cypress were sacred to her. In later Hellenistic times, she even assumed the ancient role of "Eileithyia in aiding childbirth.
Artemis later became identified with "Selene, a "Titaness who was a Greek moon goddess, sometimes depicted with a crescent moon above her head. She was also identified with the Roman goddess "Diana, with the "Etruscan goddess "Artume, and with the Greek or "Carian goddess "Hecate. Various conflicting accounts are given in Classical Greek mythology of the birth of Artemis and her twin brother, Apollo. All accounts agree, however, that she was the daughter of "Zeus and "Leto and that she was the twin sister of Apollo.
- Heracles already meet Theseus when the latter was only seven years old. After Heracles had finished his labours, he came to visit Pittheus in "Troezen where the young Theseus was under the care of his grandfather.
- Theseus was related to his malefactors "Cercyon, "Procrustes and "Sciron. They were all sons of his father Poseidon by other women which makes them technically Theseus' half-brother.
- The daughters of "Pelops married the sons of "Perseus: "Astydameia wedded to "Alcaeus, "Nicippe to "Sthenelus, "Lysidice to "Mestor and "Eurydice to "Electryon. This was made by Pelops to extend to his political power over the whole "Peloponesse. His sons also became great rulers, "Pittheus and "Troezen were kings in Troezen, "Alcathous of "Megara, "Atreus and "Thyestes of "Mycenae and also "Sciron who became a warlord of Megara.
- "Pleisthenes, son of Atreus was either a hermaphrodite or a transvestite.
- "Polydectes pretended that he was going to marry "Hippodamia, daughter of "Oenomaus and ordered the men in "Seriphos to supply him with suitable gifts. This plan was hatched by the king to get rid of "Perseus by sending him to fetch the head of "Medusa because he wanted to marry the hero's mother "Danae.
- The couple, "Admetus and "Alcestis were actually half-cousins because Admetus's father, Pheres whose mother Tyro also bare Pelias, father of Alcestis.
"Jason ("Greek: Ἰάσων, Iásōn) was a late "ancient Greek "mythological hero, famous as the leader of the "Argonauts and their quest for the "Golden Fleece. He was the son of "Aeson, the rightful king of "Iolcus. He was married to the sorceress "Medea.
Jason appeared in various literature in the "classical world of Greece and Rome, including the epic poem "Argonautica and tragedian play, "Medea. In the modern world, Jason has emerged as a character in various adaptations of his myths, such as the film "Jason and the Argonauts. He has connections outside of the classical world, as he is seen as being the mythical founder of the city of "Ljubljana, the capital of "Slovenia.
"Pelias (Aeson's half-brother) was very power-hungry, and he wished to gain dominion over all of "Thessaly. Pelias was the product of a union between their shared mother, "Tyro and allegedly the sea god "Poseidon.
In "Greek mythology, "Echidna was called the "Mother of All "Monsters". Echidna was described by "Hesiod as a female monster spawned in a cave, who mothered with her mate "Typhoeus (or "Typhon) almost every major horrible monster in the Greek myths,
Echidna was usually considered an offspring of "Tartarus and "Gaia, or of "Ceto and "Phorcys (according to "Hesiod) or of "Chrysaor and the "naiad "Callirhoe, or Peiras and "Styx (according to "Pausanias, who did not know who Peiras was aside from her father). Echidna was a "drakaina, with the face and torso of a beautiful woman (depicted as winged in archaic vase-paintings) and the body of a serpent, sometimes having two serpent's tails.. She is also sometimes described as "Karl Kerenyi noted an archaic vase-painting with a pair of echidnas performing sacred rites in a vineyard, while on the opposite side of the vessel, goats were attacking the vines thus "chthonic Echidnae are presented as protectors of the vineyard.
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