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For a topical guide of this subject, see "Outline of linguistics

Welcome to the Linguistics Portal!

""Syntactic tree

Linguistics is the "scientific study of "language, and is largely divided into two major fields: "theoretical linguistics and "applied linguistics. Someone who engages in this study is called a linguist.

"Theoretical (or general) linguistics encompasses seven major sub-fields: "phonetics (the study of the isolated sounds of speech), "phonology (the study of speech sound systems and their mental representations), "morphology (the study of the grammatical rules for word formation), "syntax (the study of word order), "lexis (the study of words), "semantics (the study of meaning) and "pragmatics (the study of meaning in context) which, together, allow for a description of the way a language works to convey meaning from one speaker to another. "Applied linguistics encompasses diverse fields such as "language education, "second language acquisition, "effect of society on language, or language's relationship to "psychology, and so on.

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Transcription of the Latin text of a commemorative plaque CIL XI, 1827 of "Appius Claudius Caecus, the censor of Rome 312 BC.
"Latin spelling, or Latin orthography, is the spelling of "Latin words written in the scripts of all historical phases of Latin from "Old Latin to the present. All scripts use the same alphabet, but conventional spellings may vary from phase to phase. The Roman alphabet, or "Latin alphabet, was adapted from the "Old Italic script to represent the "phonemes of the Latin language. The Old Italic script had in turn been borrowed from the "Greek alphabet, itself adapted from the "Phoenician alphabet.

Latin pronunciation continually evolved over the centuries, making it difficult for speakers in one era to know how Latin was spoken in prior eras. A given phoneme may be represented by different letters in different periods. This article deals primarily with modern scholarship's best reconstruction of "Classical Latin's phonemes ("phonology) and the pronunciation and spelling used by educated people in the late Republic and then touches upon later changes and other variants.

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The number 605 in Khmer Numerals



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