The Literature Portal
is a term that does not have a universally accepted definition, but which has variably included all written work; writing that possesses literary merit; and language that foregrounds literariness, as opposed to "ordinary language
the term derives from "Latin literatura/litteratura
"writing formed with letters", although some definitions include "spoken or sung texts
. Literature can be classified according to whether it is "fiction
, and whether it is "poetry
; it can be further distinguished according to major forms such as the "novel
, "short story
; and works are often categorised according to historical periods, or according to their adherence to certain "aesthetic
features or expectations ("genre
Literature may consist of texts based on factual information (journalistic or non-fiction), a category that may also include "polemical works, "biographies, and reflective essays, or it may consist of texts based on imagination (such as fiction, "poetry, or drama). Literature written in poetry emphasizes the aesthetic and rhythmic qualities of language—such as sound, symbolism, and metre—to evoke meanings in addition to, or in place of, ordinary meanings, while literature written in prose applies ordinary grammatical structure and the natural flow of speech. Literature can also be classified according to historical periods, genres, and political influences. While the concept of genre has broadened over the centuries, in general, a genre consists of artistic works that fall within a certain central theme; examples of genre include "romance, "mystery, "crime, "fantasy, "erotica, and "adventure, among others.
More about "literature…
"The Man in the Moone
is a book by the English "divine
and "Church of England
bishop "Francis Godwin
(1562–1633), describing a "voyage of utopian discovery". Initially considered to be one of his early works, it is now generally thought to have been written in the late 1620s. It was first published posthumously in 1638 under the pseudonym of Domingo Gonsales. The work is notable for its role in what was called the "new astronomy," the branch of "astronomy
influenced especially by "Nicolaus Copernicus
, the only astronomer mentioned by name, although the book also draws on the theories of "Johannes Kepler
, "William Gilbert
, and "Galileo Galilei
The work tells the story of Gonsales, a Spaniard who discovers a species of wild swan able to carry substantial loads, the gansa, and contrives a device that allows him to harness many of them together and fly around an island, and eventually, to the moon and back.
Some critics consider The Man in the Moone, along with Kepler's Somnium, to be one of the first works of science fiction. Although the book was well known in the 17th century, and even inspired parodies by "Cyrano de Bergerac and "Aphra Behn, modern literary critics do not consider it to be very important.
"Emily Elizabeth Dickinson
(December 10, 1830 – May 15, 1886) was an American "poet
. While Dickinson was a prolific private poet, fewer than a dozen of her nearly eighteen hundred poems were published during her lifetime. The work that was published during her lifetime was usually altered significantly by the publishers to fit the conventional poetic rules of the time. Dickinson's poems are unique for the era in which she wrote; they contain short lines, typically lack titles, and often use "slant rhyme
as well as unconventional capitalization and punctuation. Many of her poems deal with themes of death and immortality, two recurring topics in letters to her friends.
Although most of her acquaintances were probably aware of Dickinson's writing, it was not until after her death in 1886—when Lavinia, Dickinson's younger sister, discovered her cache of poems—that the breadth of Dickinson's work became apparent. Her first collection of poetry was published in 1890 by personal acquaintances "Thomas Wentworth Higginson and "Mabel Loomis Todd, both of whom heavily edited the content. A complete and mostly unaltered collection of her poetry became available for the first time in 1955 when The Poems of Emily Dickinson was published by scholar Thomas H. Johnson. Despite some unfavorable reviews and some skepticism during the late 19th and early 20th century as to Dickinson's literary prowess, she is now almost universally considered to be one of the most important American poets.
||Weeks passed, and the little Rabbit grew very old and shabby, but the Boy loved him just as much. He loved him so hard that he loved all his whiskers off, and the pink lining to his ears turned grey, and his brown spots faded. He even began to lose his shape, and he scarcely looked like a rabbit any more, except to the Boy. To him he was always beautiful, and that was all that the little Rabbit cared about. He didn’t mind how he looked to other people, because the nursery magic had made him Real, and when you are Real shabbiness doesn't matter.
|— "Margery Williams, "The Velveteen Rabbit
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Today in literature
- "1757 - "Edmund Curll, English bookseller died
- "1801 - "Christian Dietrich Grabbe, German writer born
- "1810 - "Alfred de Musset, French poet born
- "1882 - "Subramanya Bharathi, Indian poet born
- "1905 - "Robert Henriques, British writer born
- "1909 - "Innokenty Annensky, Russian poet died
- "1911 - "Naguib Mahfouz, Egyptian writer born
- "1918 - "Ivan Cankar, Slovenian writer died
- 1918 - "Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Russian writer born
- "1920 - "Olive Schreiner, South African writer died
- "1922 - "Grace Paley, American writer born
- "1991 - "Artur Lundkvist, Swedish author died
- "2003 - "Ahmadou Kourouma, Côte d'Ivoire writer died
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