The Military of the United States
The "military of the United States, officially known as the "United States "Armed Forces, consists of five of the seven federal "uniform services: the "United States Army, the "United States Marine Corps, the "United States Navy, the "United States Air Force, and the "United States Coast Guard. Approximately 1.4 million personnel are currently on active duty in the "military, with an additional 1,359,000 personnel in the seven "reserve components. The "Commander-in-Chief of the U.S. military is the "President of the United States. With a strength of 2.26 million personnel, including reserves, the United States Armed Forces are the "second-largest in the world, after the "People's Liberation Army of "China, and have troops deployed around the globe. As in most militaries, members of the U.S. Armed Forces hold a "rank, either that of "officer or "enlisted, and can be promoted.
"State Defense Forces are "militia units operating under the sole authority of a "state government or "governor, and are distinct from the "National Guard in that they are not federal military forces. Authorized by state and federal law, State Defense Forces as a whole "may not be called, ordered, or drafted into the armed forces" (of the United States) under "32 U.S.C. § 109 however the subsection further states that individuals serving in the State Defense Forces are not exempt from "conscription. Including "Puerto Rico, approximately twenty-five states have active State Defense Forces that can be called upon during emergency management and homeland security missions.
The "United States Department of Defense (DoD) is the "Cabinet organization that controls the "U.S. military, headquartered at "the Pentagon. The "Secretary of Defense also oversees the "Joint Chiefs of Staff, the "Unified Combatant Commands, and civilian agencies such as the "Inspector General, "Defense Intelligence Agency, and the "National Security Agency. The DoD is the largest employer in the "United States.
The "military history of the United States spans a period of over two centuries, during which the "United States grew from an alliance of "thirteen British colonies without a professional "military, to the world's sole remaining military "superpower as of 2012.
The history of the United States military begins in civilian frontiersmen, armed for hunting and basic survival in the wilderness that were organized into local militias for small military operations, mostly against "Native American tribes but also to resist possible raids by the small military forces of neighboring European colonies.
U.S. military news
The Black Beret and "ACU
Uniform changes by Army uniform board
After polling Army personnel for input, the Army's uniform board has instituted several changes to the Army's attire. First and foremost, the Black Beret will be relegated to the Army's service dress uniform. "Velcro is also being made optional for some closures. Soldiers will be provided the chance to sew patches to their uniform.
The beret has been the standard headgear for the "Army Combat Uniform since June 2001. The beret is worn on base and for ceremonies while the patrol cap is worn in the field. Soldiers disliked the beret for its nonexistent practical purpose and the redundancy of having to carry both a beret and hat at all times. “The [ACU] signifies a uniform that should be worn in combat or training for combat, yet a beret doesn’t even make the cut on the deployment packing list,” said one NCO. The Army will now issue only one beret to each soldier for a cost savings of $6.5 million over the lifecycle of the ACU.
Soldiers will still wear their berets with their "Army Service Uniform. Soldiers are pleased overall with the appearance of the beret on the ASU. The change does not effect Special Forces soldiers such as the "Army Special Forces who wear distinctive Green Berets.
Velcro replaced buttons on the digital ACU replacement for the "BDU. Velcro was received as being too noisy, messy, and unprofessional looking by early users after the new ACU uniform was adopted by the Army. Soldiers voiced their opposition to velcro to the Army's Uniform board earlier this year prior to the decision.
Sources: AT:Beret going away?,AT:Army dumps Beret,ANS:Velcro optional, Patrol Cap default
The "U.S. Navy Marine Mammal Program is a program administered by the "U.S. Navy which studies the "military use of "marine mammals — principally "Bottlenose Dolphins and "California Sea Lions — and trains animals to perform tasks such as ship and harbour protection, "mine detection and clearance, and equipment recovery. The program is based in "San Diego, California, where animals are housed and trained on an ongoing basis. NMMP animal teams have been deployed for use in "combat zones, such as during the "Vietnam War and the "Iraq War.
The program has been dogged by controversy over the treatment of the animals and speculation as to the nature of its mission and training. This has been due at least in part to the secrecy of the program, which was "de-classified in the early 1990s. The Navy cites external oversight, including ongoing monitoring, in defence of its animal care standards.
Units and awards
"George Smith Patton, Jr. (November 11, 1885 – December 21, 1945) was a leading "U.S. Army "general in "World War II. In his 36-year Army career, he was an advocate of "armored warfare and commanded major units of "North Africa, "Sicily, and the "European Theater of Operations. Many have viewed Patton as a pure and ferocious warrior, known by the nickname "Old Blood and Guts". But history has left the image of a brilliant military leader whose record was also marred by insubordination and some periods of apparent instability.
As a result of his accomplishments in North Africa, Patton was given command of the "Seventh Army in preparation for the "1943 invasion of Sicily. The Seventh Army's mission was to protect the left (western) flank of the British "Eighth Army as both advanced northwards towards Messina.
"ACU, "Command, "Continental Army, "Corps of Engineers, "Formations, "Howitzer, "Humvee, "National Guard, "Reserve, "Special Forces, "War of 1812
"USMC • "History
"Aircraft squadrons, "Banana Wars, "Battalions, "Commandant, "Installations, "MAGTF, "MCRD, "Organization, "Pacific War, "Reserve, "Semper fi, "Uniforms
"USN • "History
"Aircraft, "American Revolution, "Blue Angels, "Continental Navy, "Fleet Week, "Installations, "Organization, "Pearl Harbor, "Reserve, "Ships, "Uniforms
"Aircraft, "Air National Guard, "Field Operating Agencies, "MPs, "Museum, "Space Command, "SAC, "Specialty Code, "USAF Academy, "Wings
"USCG • "History
"Academy, "Air stations, "Auxiliary, "Equipment, "Homeland Security, "Missions, "Organization, "Port Security, "Ships, "Reserve, "SAR, "Coast Guard Squadron One
"BRAC, "Civil Defense, "Black project, "Command, "DARPA, "SecDef, "NSA, "DIA, "The Pentagon, "War College
"Chairman, "Colin Powell, "Omar Bradley, "Michael Mullen, "Vice Chairman
"DAV, "Facilities, "National Cemetery, "Organizations, "Secretary, "VA loan, "VBA
Armed Forces Lists
"Army • "Marine Corps • "Navy • "Air Force • "Coast Guard • "DoD
"Historic events • "Medal of Honor recipients • "Books • "Operations • "Leaders • "Awards • "Security clearance terms • "Prisons
"Revolution history • "Battles of the Revolution • "Civil War events • "Battles of the Civil War • "Spanish-American War • "Philippine-American War • "Manhattan Project
"Military of the United States of America
"DoD • "Joint Chiefs • "Commands • "Army • "Marine Corps • "Navy "Air Force • "Coast Guard • "National Guard • "Military by state
"Academies, "Awards, "Education, "Equipment, "Hospitals, "Installations, "Law, "Pay, "Policies, "Research, "Stubs, "Support organizations
"Veterans • "Contractors • "State Guards • "Legislation • "Media
"Military history of the United States of America
"Wars • "Revolution, "Barbary Wars, "War of 1812, "Mexican-American War, "Native American Wars, "Civil War, "Spanish-American War, "Banana Wars, "Boxer Rebellion, "WWI, "WWII, "Cold War, "Korean War, "Vietnam, "Gulf War, "War on Terrorism, "Iraq conflict
"Battles • "Nuclear history • "National Battlefields • "Memorials