The Military of the United States
The "military of the United States of America, officially known as the "United States of America "Armed Forces, consists of five of the seven federal "uniform services: the "United States Army, the "United States Marine Corps, the "United States Navy, the "United States Air Force, and the "United States Coast Guard. Approximately 1.4 million personnel are currently on active duty in the "military, with an additional 1,359,000 personnel in the seven "reserve components. The "Commander-in-Chief of the U.S. military is the "President of the United States. With a strength of 2.26 million personnel, including reserves, the United States Armed Forces are the "second-largest in the world, after the "People's Liberation Army of "China, and have troops deployed around the globe. As in most militaries, members of the U.S. Armed Forces hold a "rank, either that of "officer or "enlisted, and can be promoted.
"State Defense Forces are "militia units operating under the sole authority of a "state government or "governor, and are distinct from the "National Guard in that they are not federal military forces. Authorized by state and federal law, State Defense Forces as a whole "may not be called, ordered, or drafted into the armed forces" (of the United States) under "32 U.S.C. § 109 however the subsection further states that individuals serving in the State Defense Forces are not exempt from "conscription. Including "Puerto Rico, approximately twenty-five states have active State Defense Forces that can be called upon during emergency management and homeland security missions.
The "United States Department of Defense (DoD) is the "Cabinet organization that controls the "U.S. military, headquartered at "the Pentagon. The "Secretary of Defense also oversees the "Joint Chiefs of Staff, the "Unified Combatant Commands, and civilian agencies such as the "Inspector General, "Defense Intelligence Agency, and the "National Security Agency. The DoD is the largest employer in the "United States.
The "military history of the United States spans a period of over two centuries, during which the "United States grew from an alliance of "thirteen British colonies without a professional "military, to the world's sole remaining military "superpower as of 2012.
The history of the United States military begins in civilian frontiersmen, armed for hunting and basic survival in the wilderness that were organized into local militias for small military operations, mostly against "Native American tribes but also to resist possible raids by the small military forces of neighboring European colonies.
U.S. military news
The Black Beret and "ACU
Uniform changes by Army uniform board
After polling Army personnel for input, the Army's uniform board has instituted several changes to the Army's attire. First and foremost, the Black Beret will be relegated to the Army's service dress uniform. "Velcro is also being made optional for some closures. Soldiers will be provided the chance to sew patches to their uniform.
The beret has been the standard headgear for the "Army Combat Uniform since June 2001. The beret is worn on base and for ceremonies while the patrol cap is worn in the field. Soldiers disliked the beret for its nonexistent practical purpose and the redundancy of having to carry both a beret and hat at all times. “The [ACU] signifies a uniform that should be worn in combat or training for combat, yet a beret doesn’t even make the cut on the deployment packing list,” said one NCO. The Army will now issue only one beret to each soldier for a cost savings of $6.5 million over the lifecycle of the ACU.
Soldiers will still wear their berets with their "Army Service Uniform. Soldiers are pleased overall with the appearance of the beret on the ASU. The change does not effect Special Forces soldiers such as the "Army Special Forces who wear distinctive Green Berets.
Velcro replaced buttons on the digital ACU replacement for the "BDU. Velcro was received as being too noisy, messy, and unprofessional looking by early users after the new ACU uniform was adopted by the Army. Soldiers voiced their opposition to velcro to the Army's Uniform board earlier this year prior to the decision.
Sources: AT:Beret going away?,AT:Army dumps Beret,ANS:Velcro optional, Patrol Cap default
The "Battle of Edson's Ridge took place September 12–14, 1942 and was a land "battle of the "Pacific campaign of "World War II between "Imperial Japanese Army and "Allied (mainly "United States Marine Corps) ground forces. The battle took place on "Guadalcanal Island in the "Solomon Islands and was the second of three separate major Japanese ground offensives in the "Guadalcanal campaign.
In the battle, U.S. Marines, under the overall command of U.S. "Major General "Alexander Vandegrift, repulsed an attack by the Japanese 35th Infantry Brigade, under the command of "Japanese Major General "Kiyotaki Kawaguchi. The Marines were defending the Lunga perimeter, that guarded "Henderson Field on Guadalcanal, which was captured from the Japanese by the Allies in landings on Guadalcanal on August 7, 1942. Kawaguchi's unit was sent to Guadalcanal in response to the Allied landings with the mission of recapturing the "airfield and driving the Allied forces from the island. Underestimating the strength of Allied forces on Guadalcanal, which at that time numbered about 12,000 personnel, Kawaguchi's 6,000 soldiers conducted several nighttime frontal assaults on the U.S. defenses. The main Japanese assault occurred on an unnamed "ridge south of Henderson Field that was manned by troops from several U.S. Marine Corps units, although primarily troops from the "1st Raider and "1st Parachute "Battalions under U.S. Marine Corps "Lieutenant Colonel "Merritt A. Edson. Although the U.S. Marine Corps defenses were almost overrun, Kawaguchi's attack was defeated with heavy losses for the Japanese attackers.
"SR-71B was the trainer version of the SR-71. Notice the dual cockpit to allow the instructor to fly the airplane.
Units and awards
Sergeant Major "Daniel Joseph "Dan" Daly (November 11, 1873 – April 27, 1937) was a "United States Marine. He is one of only two Marines to receive the "Medal of Honor twice for two separate acts of heroism. Dan Daly is well remembered for his famous cry during the "Battle of Belleau Wood, when, besieged, outnumbered, outgunned, and pinned down, he led his men in attack, shouting, "Come on, you sons of bitches, do you want to live forever?"
In 1900, during the "Boxer Rebellion, he received his first Medal of Honor for single-handedly defending his position against repeated attacks and inflicted casualties of around 200 on the attacking Boxers. Daly was offered a "commission on several occasions, but he always refused, on the grounds that he would rather be "an outstanding sergeant than just another officer."
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"Chairman, "Colin Powell, "Omar Bradley, "Michael Mullen, "Vice Chairman
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