"Operation Strikeback was a major "naval "exercise of the "North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) that took place over a ten-day period in September 1957.
As part of a series of exercises to simulate an all-out "Soviet attack on "NATO, Operation Strikeback was tasked with two objectives. Its initial objective was the deployment of NATO's naval forces (designated the "Blue Fleet") against other NATO forces attempting to simulate an "enemy" navy that featured a large number of submarines (designated the "Orange Fleet"). Its other objective was to have the Blue Fleet execute "carrier-based air strikes against "enemy" formations and emplacements along NATO's northern flank in "Norway.
Operation Strikeback involved over 200 warships, 650 aircraft, and 75,000 personnel from the "United States Navy, the "United Kingdom's "Royal Navy, the "Royal Canadian Navy, the "French Navy, the "Royal Netherlands Navy, and the "Royal Norwegian Navy. As the largest peacetime naval operation up to that time, military analyst "Hanson W. Baldwin of the "New York Times characterized Operation Strikeback as "constituting the strongest striking fleet assembled since World War II."
The "armed forces of the "United Kingdom, commonly known as the "British Armed Forces or His/Her Majesty's Armed Forces, and sometimes legally the Armed Forces of the Crown, encompasses a "navy, an "army, and an "air force. With a reported personnel strength of 425,500 in 2006 (191,900 regular force, 191,300 regular reserve, and 42,300 volunteer reserve), the British Armed Forces constitutes one of the largest militaries in "Europe, though only the 26th largest in the world by number of troops. The British Armed Forces however have the "third highest declared expenditure of any military in the world. Their "Commander-in-Chief is the "British monarch, HM "Queen Elizabeth II and they are managed by the "Defence Council of the "Ministry of Defence. Consistent with longstanding constitutional convention, however, the "Prime Minister holds de facto authority over the armed forces.
The British Armed Forces are charged with protecting the United Kingdom and its "overseas territories, promoting "Britain's wider security interests, and supporting international peacekeeping efforts. They are active and regular participants in "NATO and other coalition operations.