"Operation Strikeback was a major "naval "exercise of the "North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) that took place over a ten-day period in September 1957.
As part of a series of exercises to simulate an all-out "Soviet attack on "NATO, Operation Strikeback was tasked with two objectives. Its initial objective was the deployment of NATO's naval forces (designated the "Blue Fleet") against other NATO forces attempting to simulate an "enemy" navy that featured a large number of submarines (designated the "Orange Fleet"). Its other objective was to have the Blue Fleet execute "carrier-based air strikes against "enemy" formations and emplacements along NATO's northern flank in "Norway.
Operation Strikeback involved over 200 warships, 650 aircraft, and 75,000 personnel from the "United States Navy, the "United Kingdom's "Royal Navy, the "Royal Canadian Navy, the "French Navy, the "Royal Netherlands Navy, and the "Royal Norwegian Navy. As the largest peacetime naval operation up to that time, military analyst "Hanson W. Baldwin of the "New York Times characterized Operation Strikeback as "constituting the strongest striking fleet assembled since World War II."
The "armed forces of "Portugal, commonly known as the "Portuguese Armed Forces (Forças Armadas Portuguesas) encompasses a "Navy (Marinha), an "Army (Exército) and an "Air Force (Força Aérea). The "President of Portugal is the formal Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces but in practice they answer to the "Portuguese Government via the National Defense Minister.
The Portuguese Armed Forces are charged with protecting Portugal and its overseas territories and supporting international peacekeeping efforts. They have a somewhat minor role in "NATO assignments.
Recent "operations have included wars in Afghanistan (2005), intervention in "East-Timor (1999) and in "Guinea-Bissau (1998) and ongoing peacekeeping responsibilities in the "Balkans and "Lebanon. Overseas garrisons and facilities are maintained at the island of "Madeira and the archipelago of "Azores.