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The NATO Portal

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The "North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) "French: Organisation du Traité de l'Atlantique Nord (OTAN), also called the (North) Atlantic Alliance, is a "military alliance established by the signing of the "North Atlantic Treaty on 4 April 1949. The NATO headquarters are in "Brussels, "Belgium, and the organization constitutes a system of "collective defense whereby its member states agree to mutual defense in response to an attack by any external party.

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"Able Archer 83 was a ten-day "NATO "command post "exercise starting on November 2, 1983 that spanned "Western Europe, centred on "SHAPE's Headquarters situated at "Casteau, north of the "Belgian city of "Mons. Able Archer exercises simulated a period of "conflict escalation, culminating in a coordinated "nuclear release. The 1983 exercise incorporated a new, unique format of coded communication, "radio silences, participation by "heads of state, and a simulated "DEFCON 1 nuclear alert.

The realistic nature of the 1983 exercise, coupled with "deteriorating relations between the "United States and the "Soviet Union and the anticipated arrival of "Pershing II nuclear missiles in Europe, led some in the USSR to believe that Able Archer 83 was a "ruse of war, obscuring preparations for a genuine nuclear "first strike. This relatively obscure incident is considered by many historians to be the closest the world has come to "nuclear war since the "Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962 The threat of nuclear war abruptly ended with the conclusion of the Able Archer 83 exercise on November 11.

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""French Army Cougar helicopter- Afghanistan.jpg
A "French helicopter lands during a NATO mission to train the "Afghan National Army.

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""United States Department of Defense Seal.svg

The "United States "armed forces are the overall unified military forces of the United States. The United States military was first formed during the "Continental Congress to defend the new nation against the British Empire in the "American Revolutionary War. The "Army, "Marine Corps, and "Navy were commissioned in 1775 in anticipation of the declaration of independence in 1776. The "Coast Guard originated as the "Revenue Cutter Service, which was formed in 1790. The "United States Air Force originated as the "Army Air Corp in 1926 and emerged as an independent service in 1947.

From the time of its inception, the military played a decisive role in the "History of the United States. A sense of national unity and identity was forged out of the victorious "Barbary Wars, as well as the "War of 1812. Even so, the "Founding Fathers were suspicious of a permanent military force and not until the outbreak of "World War II did a peacetime army become officially established.

NATO news

  • "June 22: The Turkish government has agreed to allow NATO "AWACS aircraft to operate from bases in Western Turkey providing better air traffic control and radar control over Afghanistan. Read more...
  • "June 18: During a farewell visit to Afghanistan, outgoing NATO Secretary-General "Jaap de Hoop Scheffer announced that the alliance would send an extra 8,000 to 10,000 troops to the country to provide additional security during August elections. Read mores...
  • "June 14: A warship from the NATO naval force off Somalia freed 14 Indian sailors held hostage by pirates. Read more...
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""General Wesley Clark official photograph.jpg

"Wesley Kanne Clark, Sr., "KBE (born December 23, 1944) is a retired "general of the "United States Army. Clark was "valedictorian of his class at "West Point, was awarded a "Rhodes Scholarship to the "University of Oxford where he obtained a degree in "Philosophy, Politics and Economics, and later graduated from the "Command and General Staff College with a master's degree in "military science. He spent 34 years in the Army and the "Department of Defense, receiving many "military decorations, several honorary "knighthoods, and a "Presidential Medal of Freedom.

Clark commanded "Operation Allied Force in the "Kosovo War during his term as the "Supreme Allied Commander Europe of "NATO from 1997 to 2000.

Quotes

  • The threats we face today are not unique to any of us – they are common across the globe, and none of our countries is immune to them. --"Jaap de Hoop Scheffer
  • Our unique partnership was born in common philosophies of freedom and democracy. It was forged during half a century's fight against tyranny. Now it stands as a beacon of democracy, toleration, plurality, openness and candor in a world menaced by extremism and instability. --"Lord Robertson

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