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Oman

""Flag of Oman.svg
"Oman, officially called the "Sultanate of Oman ("Arabic: سلطنة عُمانSalṭanat ʻUmān), is an "Arab state in southwest Asia on the southeast coast of the "Arabian Peninsula. It has a strategically important position at the mouth of the "Persian Gulf. It is bordered by the "United Arab Emirates (UAE) to the northwest, "Saudi Arabia to the west, and "Yemen to the southwest and also shares a marine border with "Iran. The coast is formed by the "Arabian Sea on the southeast and the "Gulf of Oman on the northeast.

From the 17th century, Oman had its own empire, and vied with Portugal and Britain for influence in the Persian Gulf and Indian Ocean. At its peak in the 19th century, Omani influence or control extended across the Strait of Hormuz to "Iran, and modern day "Pakistan, and as far south as "Zanzibar. Oman has long-standing military and political ties with the "United Kingdom and the "United States, although it maintains an independent foreign policy.

Oman is an absolute monarchy in which the "Sultan of Oman exercises ultimate authority, but its "parliament has some legislative and oversight powers. As with other "Arab States of the Persian Gulf, oil is the mainstay of the economy, providing a large proportion of GDP, although compared to its neighbours Oman is a modest producer. Agriculture and fishing are also important sources of income.

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"Petroleum Development Oman (PDO) is the foremost hydrocarbon exploration and production company in the Sultanate of Oman. It accounts for more than 90% of the country's crude-oil production and nearly all of its natural-gas supply. The Company is owned by the "Government of Oman which has a 60% interest, "Royal Dutch Shell which has a 34% interest, "Total which has a 4% interest and "Partex which has a 2% interest. The first economic find of "oil was made in 1962, and the first consignment of oil was exported in 1967.

Selected biography

File:Qaboos bin said.jpg
"Qaboos bin Said al Said ("Arabic: قابوس بن سعيد آل سعيدQābūs bin Saʿīd ʾĀl Saʿīd; born 18 November 1940) is the "Sultan of "Oman and its Dependencies. He rose to power after overthrowing his father, "Said bin Taimur, in a "palace coup in 1970. He is the 14th-generation descendant of the founder of the "Al Bu Sa'idi "dynasty.

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This Portal is maintained by "WikiProject Oman.

Selected picture

""ONS Al Rahmani outward bound from Portsmouth Naval Base
Credit: Brian Burnell

Three "Khareef-class corvettes are being constructed for the "Royal Navy of Oman.

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""National emblem of Oman

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