"Politics is the process and method of gaining or maintaining support for public or common action, the conduct of "decision-making for groups. Although it is usually applied to "governments, political behavior is also observed in "corporate, "academic, "religious, and other institutions. "Political philosophy is the study of topics such as politics, "liberty, "justice, "property, "rights, "law, and the enforcement of a "legal code by authority: what they are, why (or even if) they are needed, what, if anything, makes a government legitimate, what rights and freedoms it should protect and why, what form it should take and why, what the law is, and what duties citizens owe to a legitimate government, if any, and when it may be legitimately overthrown, if ever. "Political science is the field devoted to studying political behavior and examining the acquisition and application of "power, or the ability to impose one's will on another. Its practitioners are known as political scientists. Political scientists look at "elections, "public opinion, institutional activities, the "ideologies behind various "politicians and "interest groups, how politicians achieve and wield their influence, and so on.
The "John Brownlee sex scandal occurred in 1934 in "Alberta, "Canada, and forced the resignation of "Premier "John Edward Brownlee. Brownlee was accused of seducing Vivian MacMillan, a family friend and a secretary for Brownlee's attorney-general, in 1930 when she was eighteen years old, and continuing the affair for three years. MacMillan claimed that the married premier had told her that she must have sex with him for his own sake and that of his invalid wife. She had, she testified, relented after physical and emotional pressure. Brownlee called her story a fabrication, and suggested that it was the result of a conspiracy by MacMillan, her would-be fiancé, and several of Brownlee's political opponents in the "Alberta Liberal Party. MacMillan and her father sued Brownlee for seduction. After a sensational trial in June 1934, the six man jury found in favour of the plaintiffs, awarding them $10,000 and $5,000, respectively. In an unusual move, trial judge "William Ives disregarded the jury's finding and dismissed the case. The "Supreme Court of Canada eventually overturned the decision and awarded MacMillan $10,000 in damages. This award was affirmed by the "Judicial Committee of the British Privy Council, Canada's highest court of appeal at the time. All of this, however, was largely academic to Brownlee, who resigned after the jury's finding. During the next election, his "United Farmers of Alberta were wiped out of the legislature, failing to retain a single seat.