The "Warsaw Uprising of 1794
(otherwise the "Warsaw Insurrection"); was an armed "Polish
insurrection by the city's populace early in the "Kościuszko Uprising
. Supported by the "Polish Army
, it aimed to throw off "Russian
control of the "Polish
. It began April 17, 1794, soon after "Tadeusz Kościuszko
's victory at "Racławice
. Although the Russian forces were more numerous and better equipped, the Polish regular forces and "militia
, armed with rifles and sabers from the "Warsaw Arsenal
, inflicted heavy losses on the surprised enemy garrison. Russian soldiers found themselves under crossfire, shot at from all sides and from buildings, and several units broke early and suffered heavy casualties in their retreat. Kościuszko's envoy, "Tomasz Maruszewski
, and "Ignacy Działyński
and others had been laying the groundwork for the uprising since the spring of 1793. They succeeded in winning popular support: a National Militia was formed from several thousand volunteers, led by "Jan Kiliński
, a master shoemaker and one of Warsaw's notable residents. Apart from the militia, the most famous units to take part in the liberation of Warsaw were formed of Poles who had previously been forcibly conscripted into the Russian service. A witness to the fighting was "Jan Piotr Norblin
, a French-born Polish painter who created a set of sketches and paintings of the struggle.
"Maslenitsa, a 1919 painting depicting the carnival of the same name, which takes place the last week before "Great Lent. The painting encompasses a broad range of things associated with "Russia, such as snowy winter weather, a "troika, an "Orthodox church with "onion domes. Painted in the aftermath of the "October Revolution, the canvas was intended as a farewell to the unspoilt "Holy Russia" of yore.