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The Russia Portal
Русский Портал

"Russia ("Russian: Россия, "Rossiya) is a "Eurasian "country extending over much of northern "Eurasia. It is a "semi-presidential "republic comprising 85 "federal subjects. From northwest to southeast, Russia "shares borders with "Norway, "Finland, "Estonia, "Latvia, "Lithuania and "Poland (both via "Kaliningrad Oblast), "Belarus, "Ukraine, "Georgia, "Azerbaijan, "Kazakhstan, "China, "Mongolia, and "North Korea. It also has "maritime borders with "Japan by the "Sea of Okhotsk, "Iran through the "Caspian Sea, and the "U.S. state of "Alaska by the "Bering Strait.

At 17,075,400 square kilometers, Russia is by far the "largest country in the world, covering more than an eighth of the Earth’s land area; with 143 million people, it is the "eighth largest by population. It extends across the whole of northern Asia and 40% of "Europe, spanning 11 time zones and incorporating a great range of environments and landforms. Russia has the world's greatest reserves of mineral and energy resources, and is considered an "energy superpower. It has the world's largest forest reserves and its lakes contain approximately one-quarter of the world's unfrozen fresh water.

""About this sound National anthem of Russia 
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""Fighting on Krakowskie Przedmieście by Juliusz Kossak
The "Warsaw Uprising of 1794 (otherwise the "Warsaw Insurrection"); was an armed "Polish insurrection by the city's populace early in the "Kościuszko Uprising. Supported by the "Polish Army, it aimed to throw off "Russian control of the "Polish "capital. It began April 17, 1794, soon after "Tadeusz Kościuszko's victory at "Racławice. Although the Russian forces were more numerous and better equipped, the Polish regular forces and "militia, armed with rifles and sabers from the "Warsaw Arsenal, inflicted heavy losses on the surprised enemy garrison. Russian soldiers found themselves under crossfire, shot at from all sides and from buildings, and several units broke early and suffered heavy casualties in their retreat. Kościuszko's envoy, "Tomasz Maruszewski, and "Ignacy Działyński and others had been laying the groundwork for the uprising since the spring of 1793. They succeeded in winning popular support: a National Militia was formed from several thousand volunteers, led by "Jan Kiliński, a master shoemaker and one of Warsaw's notable residents. Apart from the militia, the most famous units to take part in the liberation of Warsaw were formed of Poles who had previously been forcibly conscripted into the Russian service. A witness to the fighting was "Jan Piotr Norblin, a French-born Polish painter who created a set of sketches and paintings of the struggle.

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Credit: "Boris Kustodiev

"Maslenitsa, a 1919 painting depicting the carnival of the same name, which takes place the last week before "Great Lent. The painting encompasses a broad range of things associated with "Russia, such as snowy winter weather, a "troika, an "Orthodox church with "onion domes. Painted in the aftermath of the "October Revolution, the canvas was intended as a farewell to the unspoilt "Holy Russia" of yore.

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""Pyotr Ivanovich Potemkin

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""El Lissitzky
"El Lissitzky was a "Russian "artist, "designer, "photographer, "teacher, "typographer, and "architect. He was one of the most important figures of the "Russian avant-garde, helping develop "suprematism with his friend and mentor, "Kazimir Malevich, and designed numerous "exhibition displays and "propaganda works for the former "Soviet Union. Lissitzky's work greatly influenced the "Bauhaus, "Constructivist, and "De Stijl movements and experimented with production techniques and stylistic devices that would go on to dominate "20th century graphic design. His entire career was laced with the belief that the artist could be an agent for change, later summarized with his edict, "das zielbewußte Schaffen" (The task-oriented creation). In "1941 he produced one of his last known works — a Soviet propaganda poster rallying the people to construct more tanks for the fight against "Nazi Germany.

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We do not want a single foot of foreign territory; but of our territory we shall not surrender a single inch to anyone.

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