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"Telecommunications refers to wave-based communication technology through media such as air, cables etc. Telecommunication is the "transmission of "information over significant distances to communicate. In earlier times, telecommunications involved the use of visual signals, such as "beacons, "smoke signals, "semaphore telegraphs, "signal flags, and optical "heliographs, or audio messages via coded drumbeats, lung-blown horns, or sent by loud whistles, for example. In the modern age of electricity and electronics, telecommunications now also includes the use of electrical devices such as "telegraphs, telephones, and "teleprinters, the use of radio and "microwave communications, as well as "fiber optics and their associated electronics, plus the use of "orbiting satellites and the Internet.

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"Electrical engineering is a professional "engineering discipline that deals with the study and application of "electricity, "electronics and "electromagnetism. The field first became an identifiable occupation in the late nineteenth century with the commercialization of the electric "telegraph and electrical power supply. The field now covers a range of sub-disciplines including those that deal with "power, "optoelectronics, "digital electronics, "analog electronics, "computer science, "artificial intelligence, "control systems, "electronics, "signal processing and "telecommunications.

The term electrical engineering may or may not encompass "electronic engineering. Where a distinction is made, electrical engineering is considered to deal with the problems associated with large-scale electrical systems such as "power transmission and "motor control, whereas electronic engineering deals with the study of small-scale electronic systems including "computers and "integrated circuits.

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""Amateur Radio Station with multiple receivers and transceivers
Credit: "NX1Z

This "photograph shows the "receivers and "transceivers used in an "amateur radio station. Amateur radio is a hobby in which enthusiasts purchase or build their own equipment and use radio for their own enjoyment. Radio amateurs are licensed to use "frequencies in a large number of "narrow bands throughout the "radio spectrum.

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Telecommunications News from Wikinews

March 3, 2011: Telecom Commission of Solomon Islands issues phone company US$1M fine
February 22, 2011: Libya blocks access to Internet
September 1, 2010: Telstra becomes the first in the world to switch to HSPA+ wireless Internet technology

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""Marconi 1909.jpg

"Guglielmo Marchese Marconi, "GCVO (25 April 1874-20 July 1937) was an Italian inventor, best known for his development of a practical "radiotelegraph system, which served as the foundation for the establishment of numerous affiliated companies worldwide. He shared the 1909 "Nobel Prize in Physics with "Karl Ferdinand Braun, "in recognition of their contributions to the development of wireless telegraphy". While growing up, Marconi had an intense early interest in science, and was especially fascinated by "electricity.

Did you know?

...that "Intelsat 1, known as Early Bird, launched in 1965, provided either 240 voice circuits or one two-way television channel between the United States and Europe.

...that the first telephone message was transmitted in 1876 from one room in "Alexander Graham Bell’s house to another.

...that in 1880 France rewarded Bell the "Volta Prize, worth 50,000 francs, for his invention.


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