The "Commonwealth of Virginia or simply Virginia (named after "Queen Elizabeth I of England, who was known as the Virgin Queen), is a "U.S. state located in the "Southern United States and "Mid-Atlantic States. It is one of four "states that use the name "commonwealth. It is the "12th most populous state.
The "Colony of Virginia was the first part of "the Americas to be colonized permanently by England—laying the foundation for the "British Empire—and was nicknamed the Old Dominion by "King Charles II. It is one of the "original thirteen colonies of the "United States and was the tenth state to ratify the U.S. Constitution in 1788. In 1861, Virginia was the eighth state to secede from the Union and its capital, Richmond, became the national capital of the Confederate States of America.
Virginia is known as the "Mother of Presidents", because it is the birthplace of eight "U.S. presidents ("George Washington, "Thomas Jefferson, "James Madison, "James Monroe, "William Henry Harrison, "John Tyler, "Zachary Taylor, and "Woodrow Wilson), more than any other state, including four out of the first five, six out of the first ten, seven out of the first twelve, and eight of the first twenty-eight. Virginia has also been known as the "Mother of States", because portions of the original Colony subsequently became "Kentucky, "Indiana, "Illinois, and "West Virginia as well as some portions of "Ohio.
The "Battle of Blandford
), also called the Battle of Petersburg
, took place near "Petersburg, Virginia
on 25 April 1781, late in the "American War of Independence
. Roughly 2,300 British regulars under the command of Brigadier General "William Phillips
defeated about 1,000 militia under Major General "Baron von Steuben
The introduction of a British troop presence led by turncoat general "Benedict Arnold into Virginia in early 1781 prompted an increase in militia activity to counter the British force. The militia were, however, poorly trained and equipped, and were unable to prevent Arnold from moving freely. Arnold was reinforced in March 1781 by additional troops led by General Phillips, who targeted Petersburg in a raiding expedition. Militia forces led by von Steuben and "Peter Muhlenberg decided to make a stand at Blandford, then a separate community.
When the battle was joined, the outnumbered militia provided remarkably stiff resistance to the British advance, and executed a disciplined retreat across the "Appomattox River, avoiding a flanking attempt led by "John Graves Simcoe. They eventually retreated to "Richmond, where they joined forces with "Continental Army troops led by the "Marquis de Lafayette. The British continued raiding, and eventually joined forces with "Charles Cornwallis's army from "North Carolina.
(1727 – August 19, 1778) was a prominent "Scottish American
and landowner in "Virginia
During the "Jacobite rising of 1745, McDonald fought as a "lieutenant under the command of "Charles Edward Stuart in the "Battle of Culloden, after which, he was "attainted of "treason." He fled "Scotland, departing from "Inverness for the "Colony of Virginia in 1746 at the age of 18.
McDonald moved west into Virginia's interior and entered the military service of the colonial government under "Lieutenant Governor "Robert Dinwiddie, receiving the "rank of "captain. McDonald served in the "French and Indian War under "General "John Forbes in which he was in command of a "company of "Scottish Highlanders. Following the war, McDonald retired with the rank of captain in 1763.
In 1765, McDonald returned to military service when he was commissioned by "Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron as a "major in command of the "Frederick County "militia. Lord Fairfax also appointed McDonald as an "attorney and "land agent for his "Northern Neck Proprietary.
Governor "John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore commissioned McDonald in 1774 as a ranking military officer of an expedition (known as "McDonald's Expedition") to promptly organize and recruit "settlers west of the "Allegheny Mountains to defend settlements from "Native American attacks. McDonald completed the expedition, which met its goal of temporarily relieving western Virginia frontier settlements from attack.
McDonald received a "personal letter from General "George Washington in 1777 appointing him a "lieutenant colonel in a "battalion of "Thruston's Additional Continental Regiment under the command of "Colonel "Charles Mynn Thruston. Despite his loyalty to the American Revolutionary cause, McDonald refused Washington's appointment. McDonald was later appointed by Washington to serve as a lieutenant colonel in command of Virginia revolutionary militia forces during the "American Revolutionary War. He also served on various revolutionary committees throughout the war.
This month in Virginia history
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- Capital: "Richmond, Virginia
- Total area: 110,862 sq.mi
- Highest elevation: 5,729 ft ("Mount Rogers)
- Population (2010 census) 8,001,024
- Date Virginia joined the united States: June 25, 1788
- Governor: "Terry McAuliffe (D)
- Lieutenant Governor: "Ralph Northam (D)
- Attorney General: "Mark Herring (D)
- "Senators: "Tim Kaine (D), "Mark Warner (D)
- "Representatives: "Rob Wittman (R-1st), "Scott Rigell (R-2nd), "Robert C. Scott (D-3rd), "Randy Forbes (R-4th), "Robert Hurt (R-5th), "Bob Goodlatte (R-6th), "Eric Cantor (R-7th), "Jim Moran (D-8th), "Morgan Griffith (R-9th), "Frank Wolf (R-10th), "Gerry Connolly (D-11th)
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