The "Commonwealth of Virginia or simply Virginia (named after "Queen Elizabeth I of England, who was known as the Virgin Queen), is a "U.S. state located in the "Southern United States and "Mid-Atlantic States. It is one of four "states that use the name "commonwealth. It is the "12th most populous state.
The "Colony of Virginia was the first part of "the Americas to be colonized permanently by England—laying the foundation for the "British Empire—and was nicknamed the Old Dominion by "King Charles II. It is one of the "original thirteen colonies of the "United States and was the tenth state to ratify the U.S. Constitution in 1788. In 1861, Virginia was the eighth state to secede from the Union and its capital, Richmond, became the national capital of the Confederate States of America.
Virginia is known as the "Mother of Presidents", because it is the birthplace of eight "U.S. presidents ("George Washington, "Thomas Jefferson, "James Madison, "James Monroe, "William Henry Harrison, "John Tyler, "Zachary Taylor, and "Woodrow Wilson), more than any other state, including four out of the first five, six out of the first ten, seven out of the first twelve, and eight of the first twenty-eight. Virginia has also been known as the "Mother of States", because portions of the original Colony subsequently became "Kentucky, "Indiana, "Illinois, and "West Virginia as well as some portions of "Ohio.
is an "independent city
located in the "Hampton Roads
metropolitan area of "Virginia
. It is at the southeastern end of the "Virginia Peninsula
, on the northern shore of the "James River
extending southeast from "Skiffe's Creek
along many miles of waterfront to the river's mouth at Newport News Point on the harbor of Hampton Roads.
The area now known as Newport News was once a part of "Warwick County, one of the eight original "shires of Virginia. In 1881, 15 years of explosive development began under the leadership of "Collis P. Huntington, whose new "Peninsula Extension of the "Chesapeake and Ohio Railway from Richmond opened up transportation along the Peninsula and provided a new pathway for the railroad to bring "West Virginia "bituminous coal to port for coastal shipping and worldwide export. With the new railroad came a terminal and "coal piers where the "colliers were loaded. Within a few years, Huntington and his associates also built a large "shipyard. In 1896, Newport News was "incorporated as a town. In 1958, by mutual consent by referendum, Newport News was consolidated with the "former Warwick County, rejoining the two localities to approximately their pre-1896 geographic size. The more widely known name of Newport News was selected as they formed what was then Virginia's third largest independent city in population. As of 2012, the city population was 183,331 ranking it as Virginia's fifth largest incorporated city by population.
With many residents employed at the expansive "Huntington Ingalls Shipbuilding, the joint "U.S. Air Force-"U.S. Army installation at "Joint Base Langley–Eustis, and other military bases and suppliers, the city's economy is very connected to the military, together with continued importance as a shipping hub through the Newport News Marine Terminals.
(November 24, 1784 – July 9, 1850) was the "12th
"President of the United States
(1849–1850) and an "American military leader
. His 40-year military career ended with far-reaching victories in the "Mexican–American War
. His status as a national hero won him election to the "White House
despite his vague political beliefs. His top priority as president was preserving the Union, but he died 16 months into his term, before making any progress on the status of "slavery
, which had been inflaming tensions in Congress.
Taylor was born to a prominent family of planters who migrated westward from "Virginia to "Kentucky in his youth. He was commissioned as a "U.S. Army officer in 1808. His success in the "Second Seminole War attracted national attention and earned him the nickname "Old Rough and Ready". The Mexican–American War broke out in May 1846, and Taylor led American troops to victory in a series of battles culminating in the "Battle of Palo Alto and the "Battle of Monterrey. He became a national hero, and political clubs sprung up to draw him into the upcoming "1848 presidential election. The "Whig Party convinced the reluctant Taylor to lead their ticket, despite his unclear platform and lack of interest in politics.
As president, Taylor kept his distance from Congress and his cabinet, even as partisan tensions threatened to divide the Union. Taylor died suddenly of a stomach-related illness in July 1850, ensuring he would have little impact on the sectional divide that led to "civil war a decade later.
This month in Virginia history
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- Capital: "Richmond, Virginia
- Total area: 110,862 sq.mi
- Highest elevation: 5,729 ft ("Mount Rogers)
- Population (2010 census) 8,001,024
- Date Virginia joined the united States: June 25, 1788
- Governor: "Terry McAuliffe (D)
- Lieutenant Governor: "Ralph Northam (D)
- Attorney General: "Mark Herring (D)
- "Senators: "Tim Kaine (D), "Mark Warner (D)
- "Representatives: "Rob Wittman (R-1st), "Scott Rigell (R-2nd), "Robert C. Scott (D-3rd), "Randy Forbes (R-4th), "Robert Hurt (R-5th), "Bob Goodlatte (R-6th), "Eric Cantor (R-7th), "Jim Moran (D-8th), "Morgan Griffith (R-9th), "Frank Wolf (R-10th), "Gerry Connolly (D-11th)
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