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The "Commonwealth of Virginia or simply Virginia (named after "Queen Elizabeth I of England, who was known as the Virgin Queen), is a "U.S. state located in the "Southern United States and "Mid-Atlantic States. It is one of four "states that use the name "commonwealth. It is the "12th most populous state.
The "Colony of Virginia was the first part of "the Americas to be colonized permanently by England—laying the foundation for the "British Empire—and was nicknamed the Old Dominion by "King Charles II. It is one of the "original thirteen colonies of the "United States and was the tenth state to ratify the U.S. Constitution in 1788. In 1861, Virginia was the eighth state to secede from the Union and its capital, Richmond, became the national capital of the Confederate States of America.
Virginia is known as the "Mother of Presidents", because it is the birthplace of eight "U.S. presidents ("George Washington, "Thomas Jefferson, "James Madison, "James Monroe, "William Henry Harrison, "John Tyler, "Zachary Taylor, and "Woodrow Wilson), more than any other state, including four out of the first five, six out of the first ten, seven out of the first twelve, and eight of the first twenty-eight. Virginia has also been known as the "Mother of States", because portions of the original Colony subsequently became "Kentucky, "Indiana, "Illinois, and "West Virginia as well as some portions of "Ohio.
The "Battle of Great Bridge
was fought December 9, 1775, in the area of "Great Bridge, Virginia
, early in the "American Revolutionary War
. The victory by "Continental Army
and militia forces led to the departure of Governor "Lord Dunmore (pictured)
and any remaining vestiges of "British
power from the "Colony of Virginia
during the early days of the conflict.
Following increasing political and military tensions in early 1775, both Dunmore and rebellious "Whig leaders recruited troops and engaged in a struggle for available military supplies. The struggle eventually focused on "Norfolk, where Dunmore had taken refuge aboard a "Royal Navy vessel. Dunmore's forces had fortified one side of a critical river crossing south of Norfolk at "Great Bridge, while Whig forces had occupied the other side. In an attempt to break up the Whig gathering, Dunmore ordered an attack across the bridge, which was decisively repulsed. "William Woodford, the Whig commander at the battle, described it as "a second "Bunker's Hill affair".
Shortly thereafter, Norfolk, at the time a "Tory center, was abandoned by Dunmore and the Tories, who fled to navy ships in the harbor. Whig-occupied Norfolk was "destroyed on January 1, 1776 in an action begun by Dunmore and completed by Whig forces.
"Edgar Allan Poe
(born Edgar Poe
; January 19, 1809 – October 7, 1849) was an American author, poet, editor and literary critic, considered part of the American "Romantic Movement
. Best known for his tales of "mystery
and the "macabre
, Poe was one of the earliest American practitioners of the short story and is generally considered the inventor of the "detective fiction
genre. He is further credited with contributing to the emerging genre of "science fiction
He was born as Edgar Poe in "Boston, "Massachusetts; he was orphaned young when his mother died shortly after his father abandoned the family. Poe was taken in by John and Frances Allan, of "Richmond, "Virginia. He attended the "University of Virginia for one semester but left due to lack of money. After enlisting in the Army and later failing as an officer's cadet at "West Point, Poe parted ways with the Allans. His publishing career began humbly, with an anonymous collection of poems, "Tamerlane and Other Poems (1827), credited only to "a Bostonian".
Poe and his works influenced literature in the United States and around the world, as well as in specialized fields, such as "cosmology and "cryptography. Poe and his work appear throughout popular culture in literature, music, films, and television. A number of his homes are dedicated museums today. The "Mystery Writers of America present an annual award known as the "Edgar Award for distinguished work in the mystery genre.
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- Capital: "Richmond, Virginia
- Total area: 110,862 sq.mi
- Highest elevation: 5,729 ft ("Mount Rogers)
- Population (2010 census) 8,001,024
- Date Virginia joined the united States: June 25, 1788
- Governor: "Ralph Northam (D)
- Lieutenant Governor: "Justin Fairfax (D)
- Attorney General: "Mark Herring (D)
- "Senators: "Tim Kaine (D), "Mark Warner (D)
- "Representatives: "Rob Wittman (R-1st), "Scott Rigell (R-2nd), "Robert C. Scott (D-3rd), "Randy Forbes (R-4th), "Robert Hurt (R-5th), "Bob Goodlatte (R-6th), "Eric Cantor (R-7th), "Jim Moran (D-8th), "Morgan Griffith (R-9th), "Frank Wolf (R-10th), "Gerry Connolly (D-11th)
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