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The Virginia Portal

""Flag of Virginia.svg

The "Commonwealth of Virginia or simply Virginia (named after "Queen Elizabeth I of England, who was known as the Virgin Queen), is a "U.S. state located in the "Southern United States and "Mid-Atlantic States. It is one of four "states that use the name "commonwealth. It is the "12th most populous state.

The "Colony of Virginia was the first part of "the Americas to be colonized permanently by England—laying the foundation for the "British Empire—and was nicknamed the Old Dominion by "King Charles II. It is one of the "original thirteen colonies of the "United States and was the tenth state to ratify the U.S. Constitution in 1788. In 1861, Virginia was the eighth state to secede from the Union and its capital, Richmond, became the national capital of the Confederate States of America.

Virginia is known as the "Mother of Presidents", because it is the birthplace of eight "U.S. presidents ("George Washington, "Thomas Jefferson, "James Madison, "James Monroe, "William Henry Harrison, "John Tyler, "Zachary Taylor, and "Woodrow Wilson), more than any other state, including four out of the first five, six out of the first ten, seven out of the first twelve, and eight of the first twenty-eight. Virginia has also been known as the "Mother of States", because portions of the original Colony subsequently became "Kentucky, "Indiana, "Illinois, and "West Virginia as well as some portions of "Ohio.

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""The Virginia Constitutional Convention, 1830, by George Catlin
The "Constitution of the Commonwealth of Virginia is the document that defines and limits the powers of the "state government and the basic rights of the citizens of the U.S. "Commonwealth of Virginia. Like all other "state constitutions, it is supreme over Virginia's laws and acts of government, though it may be superseded by the "United States Constitution and U.S. "federal law as per the "Supremacy Clause.

The original Virginia Constitution of 1776 was enacted in conjunction with the "Declaration of Independence by the first "thirteen states of the United States of America. Virginia was the first state to adopt its own constitution, and the document was widely influential both in the United States and abroad. In addition to frequent "amendments, there have been six major subsequent revisions of the constitution (in 1830 , 1851, 1864, 1870, 1902, and the one currently in effect, in 1971). These new constitutions have been part of, and in reaction to, periods of major regional or social upheaval in Virginia. (1830 Virginia Constitutional Convention pictured)

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""Portrait of John Marshall
"John Marshall (1755 – 1835) was the fourth "Chief Justice of the United States (1801–1835), whose court opinions helped lay the basis for "American constitutional law and made the "Supreme Court of the United States a coequal "branch of government along with the legislative and executive branches. Previously, Marshall had been a leader of the Federalist Party in Virginia, served in the "United States House of Representatives, and was "Secretary of State under President "John Adams from 1800 to 1801.

The "longest-serving Chief Justice, Marshall dominated the Court for over three decades and played a significant role in the development of the American legal system. Most notably, he reinforced the principle that federal courts are obligated to exercise "judicial review, by disregarding purported laws if they violate "the Constitution. Thus, Marshall cemented the position of the American judiciary as an independent and influential branch of government. Furthermore, Marshall's court made several important decisions relating to "federalism, affecting the balance of power between the federal government and the states during the early years of the republic. While some of his decisions were unpopular, Marshall nevertheless built up the third branch of the federal government, and augmented federal power in the name of the Constitution and the "rule of law.

This month in Virginia history

""19th-century painting depicting the marriage of Pocahontas and John Rolfe

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This is a list of things you can do to help the Virginia Portal and "WikiProject Virginia.


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Did you know...

""Reconstructed Old Appomattox Court House

Fact sheet

  • Capital: "Richmond, Virginia
  • Total area: 110,862 sq.mi
  • Highest elevation: 5,729 ft ("Mount Rogers)
  • Population (2010 census) 8,001,024
  • Date Virginia joined the united States: June 25, 1788

State symbols:

""Dogwood
""Cardinal
""Virginia Quarter

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Virginia topics

"Topics "Rivers | "Governors | "Colony | "Rights | "Homes | "Colleges & Universities | "Counties | "People
"Regions "Appomattox Basin | "Eastern Shore | "Middle Peninsula | "Northern Neck | "Northern Virginia | "Piedmont | "Ridge-and-valley Appalachians | "Shenandoah Valley | "Southside Virginia | "Southwest Virginia | "Tidewater
"Metros "Abingdon | "Blacksburg | "Bluefield | "Bristol | "Charlottesville | "Culpeper | "Danville | "Fredericksburg | "Front Royal | "Harrisonburg | "Leesburg | "Lynchburg | "Martinsville | "Marion | "Poquoson | "Radford | "Richmond | "Roanoke | "Staunton | "Suffolk | "Virginia Beach/Hampton Roads | "Warrenton | "Washington, D.C./Northern | "Waynesboro | "Williamsburg | "Winchester | "Wytheville
"Counties "Accomack | "Albemarle | "Alleghany | "Amelia | "Amherst | "Appomattox | "Arlington | "Augusta | "Bath | "Bedford | "Bland | "Botetourt | "Brunswick | "Buchanan | "Buckingham | "Campbell | "Caroline | "Carroll | "Charles City | "Charlotte | "Chesterfield | "Clarke | "Craig | "Culpeper | "Cumberland | "Dickenson | "Dinwiddie | "Essex | "Fairfax | "Fauquier | "Floyd | "Fluvanna | "Franklin | "Frederick | "Giles | "Gloucester | "Goochland | "Grayson | "Greene | "Greensville | "Halifax | "Hanover | "Henrico | "Henry | "Highland | "Isle of Wight | "James City | "King and Queen | "King George | "King William | "Lancaster | "Lee | "Loudoun | "Louisa | "Lunenburg | "Madison | "Mathews | "Mecklenburg | "Middlesex | "Montgomery | "Nelson | "New Kent | "Northampton | "Northumberland | "Nottoway | "Orange | "Page | "Patrick | "Pittsylvania | "Powhatan | "Prince Edward | "Prince George | "Prince William | "Pulaski | "Rappahannock | "Richmond | "Roanoke | "Rockbridge | "Rockingham | "Russell | "Scott | "Shenandoah | "Smyth | "Southampton | "Spotsylvania | "Stafford | "Surry | "Sussex | "Tazewell | "Warren | "Washington | "Westmoreland | "Wise | "Wythe | "York
"Independent
Cities
"Alexandria | "Bedford | "Bristol | "Buena Vista | "Charlottesville | "Chesapeake | "Colonial Heights | "Covington |"Danville | "Emporia | "Fairfax | "Falls Church | "Franklin | "Fredericksburg | "Galax | "Hampton | "Harrisonburg | "Hopewell | "Lexington | "Lynchburg | "Manassas | "Manassas Park | "Martinsville | "Newport News | "Norfolk | "Norton | "Petersburg | "Poquoson |

"Portsmouth | "Radford | "Richmond | "Roanoke | "Salem | "Staunton | "Suffolk | "Virginia Beach | "Waynesboro | "Williamsburg | "Winchester

"Colleges & Universities "Appalachian School of Law | "Averett University | "Bluefield College | "Bridgewater College | "Christendom College | "Christopher Newport University | "College of William and Mary | "Emory and Henry College | "Ferrum College | "George Mason University | "George Washington University Virginia Campus | "Hampden-Sydney College | "Hampton University | "Hollins University | "James Madison University | "Liberty University | "Longwood University | "Marine Corps University | "Mary Baldwin College | "Marymount University | "Norfolk State University | "Old Dominion University | "Radford University | "Randolph-Macon College | "Randolph-Macon Woman's College | "Regent University | "Roanoke College | "Saint Paul's College | "Shenandoah University | "Southern Virginia University | "Sweet Briar College | "University of Mary Washington | "University of Richmond | "University of Virginia | "University of Virginia's College at Wise | "Virginia Commonwealth University | "Virginia Community College System | "Virginia Intermont College | "Virginia Military Institute | "Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | "Virginia State University | "Virginia Union University | "Virginia Wesleyan College | "Washington and Lee University | "Westwood College Of Technology


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