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The "Commonwealth of Virginia or simply Virginia (named after "Queen Elizabeth I of England, who was known as the Virgin Queen), is a "U.S. state located in the "Southern United States and "Mid-Atlantic States. It is one of four "states that use the name "commonwealth. It is the "12th most populous state.

The "Colony of Virginia was the first part of "the Americas to be colonized permanently by England—laying the foundation for the "British Empire—and was nicknamed the Old Dominion by "King Charles II. It is one of the "original thirteen colonies of the "United States and was the tenth state to ratify the U.S. Constitution in 1788. In 1861, Virginia was the eighth state to secede from the Union and its capital, Richmond, became the national capital of the Confederate States of America.

Virginia is known as the "Mother of Presidents", because it is the birthplace of eight "U.S. presidents ("George Washington, "Thomas Jefferson, "James Madison, "James Monroe, "William Henry Harrison, "John Tyler, "Zachary Taylor, and "Woodrow Wilson), more than any other state, including four out of the first five, six out of the first ten, seven out of the first twelve, and eight of the first twenty-eight. Virginia has also been known as the "Mother of States", because portions of the original Colony subsequently became "Kentucky, "Indiana, "Illinois, and "West Virginia as well as some portions of "Ohio.

Selected article

""John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore
The "Battle of Great Bridge was fought December 9, 1775, in the area of "Great Bridge, Virginia, early in the "American Revolutionary War. The victory by "Continental Army and militia forces led to the departure of Governor "Lord Dunmore (pictured) and any remaining vestiges of "British power from the "Colony of Virginia during the early days of the conflict.

Following increasing political and military tensions in early 1775, both Dunmore and rebellious "Whig leaders recruited troops and engaged in a struggle for available military supplies. The struggle eventually focused on "Norfolk, where Dunmore had taken refuge aboard a "Royal Navy vessel. Dunmore's forces had fortified one side of a critical river crossing south of Norfolk at "Great Bridge, while Whig forces had occupied the other side. In an attempt to break up the Whig gathering, Dunmore ordered an attack across the bridge, which was decisively repulsed. "William Woodford, the Whig commander at the battle, described it as "a second "Bunker's Hill affair".

Shortly thereafter, Norfolk, at the time a "Tory center, was abandoned by Dunmore and the Tories, who fled to navy ships in the harbor. Whig-occupied Norfolk was "destroyed on January 1, 1776 in an action begun by Dunmore and completed by Whig forces.

Selected biography

""Edgar Allan Poe 2 retouched and transparent bg.png
"Edgar Allan Poe (born Edgar Poe; January 19, 1809 – October 7, 1849) was an American author, poet, editor and literary critic, considered part of the American "Romantic Movement. Best known for his tales of "mystery and the "macabre, Poe was one of the earliest American practitioners of the short story and is generally considered the inventor of the "detective fiction genre. He is further credited with contributing to the emerging genre of "science fiction.

He was born as Edgar Poe in "Boston, "Massachusetts; he was orphaned young when his mother died shortly after his father abandoned the family. Poe was taken in by John and Frances Allan, of "Richmond, "Virginia. He attended the "University of Virginia for one semester but left due to lack of money. After enlisting in the Army and later failing as an officer's cadet at "West Point, Poe parted ways with the Allans. His publishing career began humbly, with an anonymous collection of poems, "Tamerlane and Other Poems (1827), credited only to "a Bostonian".

Poe and his works influenced literature in the United States and around the world, as well as in specialized fields, such as "cosmology and "cryptography. Poe and his work appear throughout popular culture in literature, music, films, and television. A number of his homes are dedicated museums today. The "Mystery Writers of America present an annual award known as the "Edgar Award for distinguished work in the mystery genre.

This month in Virginia history

""Lithograph depicting the Battle of Hampton Roads

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Selected picture

""Reflecting cavern lake.jpg
Credit: David Jones

"Luray Caverns in "Luray, Virginia, one of the many limestone caverns in the "Shenandoah Valley

Did you know...

""Take-off over the highway at Washington-Hoover Airport, 1935

Fact sheet

  • Capital: "Richmond, Virginia
  • Total area: 110,862 sq.mi
  • Highest elevation: 5,729 ft ("Mount Rogers)
  • Population (2010 census) 8,001,024
  • Date Virginia joined the united States: June 25, 1788

State symbols:

""Virginia Quarter



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"Counties "Accomack | "Albemarle | "Alleghany | "Amelia | "Amherst | "Appomattox | "Arlington | "Augusta | "Bath | "Bedford | "Bland | "Botetourt | "Brunswick | "Buchanan | "Buckingham | "Campbell | "Caroline | "Carroll | "Charles City | "Charlotte | "Chesterfield | "Clarke | "Craig | "Culpeper | "Cumberland | "Dickenson | "Dinwiddie | "Essex | "Fairfax | "Fauquier | "Floyd | "Fluvanna | "Franklin | "Frederick | "Giles | "Gloucester | "Goochland | "Grayson | "Greene | "Greensville | "Halifax | "Hanover | "Henrico | "Henry | "Highland | "Isle of Wight | "James City | "King and Queen | "King George | "King William | "Lancaster | "Lee | "Loudoun | "Louisa | "Lunenburg | "Madison | "Mathews | "Mecklenburg | "Middlesex | "Montgomery | "Nelson | "New Kent | "Northampton | "Northumberland | "Nottoway | "Orange | "Page | "Patrick | "Pittsylvania | "Powhatan | "Prince Edward | "Prince George | "Prince William | "Pulaski | "Rappahannock | "Richmond | "Roanoke | "Rockbridge | "Rockingham | "Russell | "Scott | "Shenandoah | "Smyth | "Southampton | "Spotsylvania | "Stafford | "Surry | "Sussex | "Tazewell | "Warren | "Washington | "Westmoreland | "Wise | "Wythe | "York
"Alexandria | "Bedford | "Bristol | "Buena Vista | "Charlottesville | "Chesapeake | "Colonial Heights | "Covington |"Danville | "Emporia | "Fairfax | "Falls Church | "Franklin | "Fredericksburg | "Galax | "Hampton | "Harrisonburg | "Hopewell | "Lexington | "Lynchburg | "Manassas | "Manassas Park | "Martinsville | "Newport News | "Norfolk | "Norton | "Petersburg | "Poquoson |

"Portsmouth | "Radford | "Richmond | "Roanoke | "Salem | "Staunton | "Suffolk | "Virginia Beach | "Waynesboro | "Williamsburg | "Winchester

"Colleges & Universities "Appalachian School of Law | "Averett University | "Bluefield College | "Bridgewater College | "Christendom College | "Christopher Newport University | "College of William & Mary | "Emory and Henry College | "Ferrum College | "George Mason University | "George Washington University Virginia Campus | "Hampden–Sydney College | "Hampton University | "Hollins University | "James Madison University | "Liberty University | "Longwood University | "Marine Corps University | "Mary Baldwin University | "Marymount University | "Norfolk State University | "Old Dominion University | "Radford University | "Randolph–Macon College | "Randolph–Macon Woman's College | "Regent University | "Roanoke College | "Saint Paul's College | "Shenandoah University | "Southern Virginia University | "Sweet Briar College | "University of Mary Washington | "University of Richmond | "University of Virginia | "University of Virginia's College at Wise | "Virginia Commonwealth University | "Virginia Community College System | "Virginia Intermont College | "Virginia Military Institute | "Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | "Virginia State University | "Virginia Union University | "Virginia Wesleyan University | "Washington and Lee University | "Westwood College

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