The "Commonwealth of Virginia or simply Virginia (named after "Queen Elizabeth I of England, who was known as the Virgin Queen), is a "U.S. state located in the "Southern United States and "Mid-Atlantic States. It is one of four "states that use the name "commonwealth. It is the "12th most populous state.
The "Colony of Virginia was the first part of "the Americas to be colonized permanently by England—laying the foundation for the "British Empire—and was nicknamed the Old Dominion by "King Charles II. It is one of the "original thirteen colonies of the "United States and was the tenth state to ratify the U.S. Constitution in 1788. In 1861, Virginia was the eighth state to secede from the Union and its capital, Richmond, became the national capital of the Confederate States of America.
Virginia is known as the "Mother of Presidents", because it is the birthplace of eight "U.S. presidents ("George Washington, "Thomas Jefferson, "James Madison, "James Monroe, "William Henry Harrison, "John Tyler, "Zachary Taylor, and "Woodrow Wilson), more than any other state, including four out of the first five, six out of the first ten, seven out of the first twelve, and eight of the first twenty-eight. Virginia has also been known as the "Mother of States", because portions of the original Colony subsequently became "Kentucky, "Indiana, "Illinois, and "West Virginia as well as some portions of "Ohio.
The "Constitution of the Commonwealth of Virginia
is the document that defines and limits the powers of the "state government
and the basic rights of the citizens of the U.S. "Commonwealth of Virginia
. Like all other "state constitutions
, it is supreme over Virginia's laws and acts of government, though it may be superseded by the "United States Constitution
and U.S. "federal law
as per the "Supremacy Clause
The original Virginia Constitution of 1776 was enacted in conjunction with the "Declaration of Independence by the first "thirteen states of the United States of America. Virginia was the first state to adopt its own constitution, and the document was widely influential both in the United States and abroad. In addition to frequent "amendments, there have been six major subsequent revisions of the constitution (in 1830 , 1851, 1864, 1870, 1902, and the one currently in effect, in 1971). These new constitutions have been part of, and in reaction to, periods of major regional or social upheaval in Virginia. (1830 Virginia Constitutional Convention pictured)
(1755 – 1835) was the fourth "Chief Justice of the United States
(1801–1835), whose court opinions helped lay the basis for "American constitutional law
and made the "Supreme Court of the United States
a coequal "branch of government
along with the legislative and executive branches. Previously, Marshall had been a leader of the Federalist Party in Virginia, served in the "United States House of Representatives
, and was "Secretary of State
under President "John Adams
from 1800 to 1801.
The "longest-serving Chief Justice, Marshall dominated the Court for over three decades and played a significant role in the development of the American legal system. Most notably, he reinforced the principle that federal courts are obligated to exercise "judicial review, by disregarding purported laws if they violate "the Constitution. Thus, Marshall cemented the position of the American judiciary as an independent and influential branch of government. Furthermore, Marshall's court made several important decisions relating to "federalism, affecting the balance of power between the federal government and the states during the early years of the republic. While some of his decisions were unpopular, Marshall nevertheless built up the third branch of the federal government, and augmented federal power in the name of the Constitution and the "rule of law.
This month in Virginia history
A random generator will select an article about…
(note: generator may be slow)
- ... that the "Appomattox Court House National Historical Park has a "Court-house (pictured), "Tavern, "Jail, "Store and "Prizery, the "Bocock-Isbell, "McLean, "Peers and "Wright houses, the "Sweeney and "Sweeney-Conner cabins, the "Jones and "Woodson law offices, "ruins and "cemeteries?
- ... that the "Port Royal, Virginia, "Horne's restaurant is the last remaining of the former chain?...
- ... that "William Berkeley, a colonial Governor of "Virginia is buried at "St Mary's, "Twickenham, London, encased in lead exactly fitted to the shape of his body?
- Capital: "Richmond, Virginia
- Total area: 110,862 sq.mi
- Highest elevation: 5,729 ft ("Mount Rogers)
- Population (2010 census) 8,001,024
- Date Virginia joined the united States: June 25, 1788
- Governor: "Terry McAuliffe (D)
- Lieutenant Governor: "Ralph Northam (D)
- Attorney General: "Mark Herring (D)
- "Senators: "Tim Kaine (D), "Mark Warner (D)
- "Representatives: "Rob Wittman (R-1st), "Scott Rigell (R-2nd), "Robert C. Scott (D-3rd), "Randy Forbes (R-4th), "Robert Hurt (R-5th), "Bob Goodlatte (R-6th), "Eric Cantor (R-7th), "Jim Moran (D-8th), "Morgan Griffith (R-9th), "Frank Wolf (R-10th), "Gerry Connolly (D-11th)
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