THE VISUAL ARTS PORTAL
"Visual arts is a class of "art forms focusing on the creation of works that are primarily "visual in nature, such as "painting, "drawing, "illustration, "architecture, "photography, "graphic design, "printmaking, "filmmaking, and "Internet art also known as "net.art. Works that involve moulding or modeling, such as "sculpture, "public art, and "ceramics, are more narrowly referred to as "plastic arts.
The visual arts are distinguished from the "performing arts, "language arts, "culinary arts and other such classes of artwork, but those boundaries are not well defined. Many artistic endeavors combine aspects of visual arts with one or more non-visual art forms, such as "music or "spoken word.
The current use of the phrase "visual arts" includes "fine arts as well as "crafts, but this was not always the case. Prior to the "Arts and Crafts movement in "Britain and elsewhere at the turn of the 20th century, "visual artist" referred to a person working in the "fine arts (such as "painting, "sculpture, or "printmaking) and not the "handicraft, "craft, or "applied art disciplines.
The scope of study and appreciation of visual arts spans the globe, and reaches through time back to people drawing on stone walls. All societies have embellished their tools and toys with more visual interest than is functionally necessary.
"Ukiyo-e, "pictures of the floating world", is a genre of "Japanese "woodblock prints (or "woodcuts) and "paintings produced between the 17th and the 20th centuries, featuring motifs of landscapes, the theatre and pleasure quarters. It is illustrated here by "Hokusai's Red Fuji from his Thirty-six Views of Mt. Fuji series.
"Hoysala architecture is the distinctive building style developed under the rule of the "Hoysala Empire in the region historically known as Karnata, today's "Karnataka, "India, between the 11th and the 14th centuries. Hoysala influence was at its peak in the 13th century, when it dominated the "Southern Deccan Plateau region. Large and small temples built during this era remain as examples of the Hoysala architectural style, including the "Chennakesava Temple at "Belur, the "Hoysaleswara Temple at "Halebidu, and the "Kesava Temple at "Somanathapura. Other examples of fine Hoysala craftmanship are the temples at "Belavadi, "Amrithapura, and "Nuggehalli. Study of the Hoysala architectural style has revealed a negligible Indo-Aryan influence while the impact of Southern Indian style is more distinct.
The vigorous temple building activity of the Hoysala Empire was due to the social, cultural and political events of the period. The stylistic transfomation of the Karnata temple building tradition reflected religious trends popularized by the "Vaishnava and "Virashaiva philosophers as well as the growing military prowess of the Hoysala kings who desired to surpass their "Western Chalukya overlords in artistic achievement.
||Drawing is like making an expressive gesture with the advantage of permanence.
||— "Henri Matisse, unknown
"Pierre Joseph Rossier
(born 16 July 1829, died between 1883 and 1898) was a pioneering Swiss photographer whose "albumen
photographs, which include "stereographs
, comprise portraits, cityscapes and landscapes. He was commissioned by the London firm of "Negretti and Zambra
to travel to Asia and document the progress of the Anglo-French troops in the "Second Opium War
and, although he failed to join that military expedition, he remained in Asia for several years, producing the first commercial photographs of "China
, the "Philippines
and Siam (now "Thailand
). He was the first professional photographer in Japan, where he trained "Ueno Hikoma
, "Maeda Genzō
, "Horie Kuwajirō
, as well as lesser known members of the first generation of Japanese photographers. In Switzerland he established "photographic studios
, and he also produced images elsewhere in the country. Rossier is an important figure in the early history of photography not only because of his own images, but also because of the critical impact of his teaching in the early days of Japanese photography.