THE VISUAL ARTS PORTAL
"Visual arts is a class of "art forms focusing on the creation of works that are primarily "visual in nature, such as "painting, "drawing, "illustration, "architecture, "photography, "graphic design, "printmaking, "filmmaking, and "Internet art also known as "net.art. Works that involve moulding or modeling, such as "sculpture, "public art, and "ceramics, are more narrowly referred to as "plastic arts.
The visual arts are distinguished from the "performing arts, "language arts, "culinary arts and other such classes of artwork, but those boundaries are not well defined. Many artistic endeavors combine aspects of visual arts with one or more non-visual art forms, such as "music or "spoken word.
The current use of the phrase "visual arts" includes "fine arts as well as "crafts, but this was not always the case. Prior to the "Arts and Crafts movement in "Britain and elsewhere at the turn of the 20th century, "visual artist" referred to a person working in the "fine arts (such as "painting, "sculpture, or "printmaking) and not the "handicraft, "craft, or "applied art disciplines.
The scope of study and appreciation of visual arts spans the globe, and reaches through time back to people drawing on stone walls. All societies have embellished their tools and toys with more visual interest than is functionally necessary.
"Matryoshka dolls, also known as Russian nested dolls or Babushka dolls, were seen as early as "1890. They are not a traditional Russian "handicraft, although the concept of nested objects was familiar in "Russia. The first set of dolls is said to have been made by a painter in the "Abramtsevo estate inspired by a set of "Japanese wooden dolls representing the "Seven Gods of Fortune.
"Northwest Coast art is a style of art created primarily by artists from "Tlingit, "Haida, "Tsimshian, "Kwakwaka'wakw and "Nuu-chah-nulth "First Nations of the "northwest coast of North America, from pre-European-contact times up to the present.
Northwest Coast art is distinguished by the use of form lines, and the use of characteristic shapes referred to as ovoids, U forms and S forms. Before European contact, the most common media were wood (often "Western red cedar), stone, and copper; since European contact, paper and canvas have also been used. If paint is used, the most common colours are red and black, but yellow is also often used, particularly among "Kwakwaka'wakw artists.
The patterns depicted include natural forms such as bears, ravens, eagles, and humans; "legendary creatures such as "thunderbirds and sisiutls; and abstract forms made up of the characteristic Northwest Coast shapes. "Totem poles are the most well-known artifacts produced using this style. Northwest Coast artists are also notable for producing characteristic "bent-corner" or "bentwood" boxes, masks, and canoes. Northwest Coast designs were also used to decorate traditional First Nations household items such as spoons, ladles, baskets, hats, and paddles; since European contact, the Northwest Coast art style has increasingly been used in gallery-oriented forms such as paintings, prints and sculptures.
||When I've painted a woman's bottom so that I want to touch it, then the painting is finished.
||— "Pierre-Auguste Renoir, unknown
was a renowned Russian-American "photographer
, best known for capturing on film the culture of "Jews
in "Eastern Europe
before the "Holocaust
. He was, however, an extremely diverse photographer, an accomplished "biologist
and a knowledgeable student and teacher of "art history
. Throughout his life, he made significant scientific contributions to the fields of "photomicroscopy
and "time-lapse photography
. He later became a teacher and collector of historic art and artifacts. Vishniac was very interested in history, especially that of his ancestors. In turn, he was strongly tied to his Jewish roots and was a "Zionist
later in life. Roman Vishniac won international acclaim for his photography: his pictures from the "shtetlach
and Jewish ghettos, celebrity portraits, and images of microscopic biology. He is known for his book A Vanished World
, published in 1947, which was one of the first such pictorial documentations of Jewish culture in Eastern Europe from that period. He is known also for his extreme humanism and respect and awe for life, sentiments that can be seen in all aspects of his work.