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Early 20th Century primary school, in "Wymondham, Norfolk, "England

A primary school (or elementary school in "American English and often in "Canadian English) is a "school in which "children receive "primary or elementary education from the age of about five to twelve, coming after "preschool and before "secondary school. (In some countries there is an intermediate stage of "middle school between primary and secondary education.)


Primary Schools[edit]

In most parts of the world, primary education is the first stage of "compulsory education, and is normally available without charge, but may be offered in a fee-paying "independent school. The term grade school is sometimes used in the US, although this term may refer to both "primary education and "secondary education.

The term primary school is derived from the French école primaire, which was first used in 1802.[1]

In the United States, "primary school" may refer to a school with "grades "Kindergarten through second grade or third grade. (K-2 or 3). In these municipalities, the "elementary school" includes grade three through five or grades four to six.

In some places, primary schooling has historically further been divided between lower primary schools (LP schools), which were the elementary schools, and higher primary schools (HP schools), which were established to provide a more practical instruction to poorer classes than what was provided in the secondary schools.[3]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Online Etymology Dictionary". 
  2. ^ Primary school. In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved on 12 June 2007, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online: http://search.eb.com/eb/article-9061377
  3. ^ Bruce Ryburn Payne, Public Elementary School Curricula: A Comparative Study of Representative Cities of the United States, England, Germany and France (1905), p. 155.

External links[edit]

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