A primer (in this "sense usually pronounced "//, sometimes "//) is a first "textbook for teaching of "reading, such as an "alphabet book or "basal reader. The word also is used more broadly to refer to any book that presents the most basic elements of any subject.
The "Latin Enschedé "Abecedarium of the late 15th century, translated into "English as the Salisbury Prymer, has been identified as the earliest example of a "printed primer. It presented the "alphabet and several "Catholic "prayers.
Other historical examples of primers for children include "The New England Primer (1680s) and "McGuffey Readers (1836) in the US, and Bala Potam (Lessons for Children, 1850 & 1851) by "Arumuka Navalar in "Sri Lanka.