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Temporal range: 318–299 "Ma
Middle "Carboniferous
""Protophasma woodwardi.JPG
"Protophasma woodwardi
"Scientific classification
Kingdom: "Animalia
Phylum: "Arthropoda
Subphylum: "Hexapoda
Class: "Insecta
Order: Protorthoptera
"Handlirsch, 1906

The Protorthoptera are an extinct order of "Palaeozoic insects, and represent a "wastebasket taxon and "paraphyletic assemblage of "basal "neoptera. They appear during the Middle "Carboniferous (late "Serpukhovian or early "Bashkirian), making them among the earliest known winged insects in the fossil record. Pronotal lobes may be expanded to form a shield. The group includes the ancestors of all other "polyneopterous insects.


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