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The Pschent ("//; "Greek ψχεντ) was the name of the Double "Crown worn by rulers in "ancient Egypt. The ancient Egyptians generally referred to it as "sekhemti (sḫm.tỉ), the Two Powerful Ones. It combined the "Red Deshret Crown of "Lower Egypt and the "White Hedjet Crown of "Upper Egypt.
The Pschent represented the "pharaoh's power over all of unified Egypt. It bore two animal emblems: an "Egyptian cobra, known as the "uraeus, ready to strike, which symbolized the Lower Egyptian "goddess "Wadjet; and an "Egyptian vulture representing the Upper Egyptian tutelary goddess "Nekhbet. These were fastened to the front of the Pschent and referred to as the "Two Ladies. Later, the vulture head sometimes was replaced by a second cobra.["citation needed]
The invention of the Pschent is generally attributed to the First Dynasty pharaoh "Menes, but the first one to wear a Double Crown was First Dynasty pharaoh "Djet: a rock inscription shows his Horus wearing it.
The king list on the "Palermo stone, which begins with the names of Lower Egyptian pharaohs (nowadays thought to have been mythological demi-gods), shown wearing the Red Crown, marks the unification of the country by giving the Pschent to all First Dynasty and later pharaohs. The Cairo fragment, on the other hand, shows these prehistoric rulers wearing the Pschent.
As is the case with the Deshret and the Hedjet Crowns, no Pschent has survived. It is known only from statuary, depictions, inscriptions, and ancient tales.
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