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Gününa Küne
Native to "Argentina
"Extinct 1934[1]
with the death of Trruúlmani
"Chonan ?
  • Puelche–Het ?
    • Puelche
Language codes
"ISO 639-3 pue
"Glottolog puel1244[2]
This article contains "IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper "rendering support, you may see "question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of "Unicode characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see "Help:IPA.

Puelche is an extinct language formerly spoken by the "Puelche people in the "Pampas region of "Argentina. The language is also known as Gününa Küne, Gennaken (Guenaken), Northern Tehuelche, Gününa Yajich, Ranquelche, and Pampa.



Puelche has long been considered a "language isolate. Based on very limited evidence, Viegas Barros (1992) suggests that Puelche might be closely related to the language of the "Querandí, one of the "Het peoples, and Viegas Barros (2005) that it is related to the "Chon languages.[3] Further afield, inclusion in a putative "Macro-Jibaro family has been posited.



Puelche has 7 "vowels:[4]

"Front "Back
Unrounded Unrounded Rounded
"Close i u
"Close-mid e ɤ o
"Open-mid ʌ
"Open a


Puelche has 25 "consonants:[4]

"Bilabial "Alveolar "Postalveolar "Palatal "Velar "Uvular "Glottal
"Nasal m n
"Plosive "Voiceless p t k q ʔ
"Voiced b d ɡ
"Affricate "Voiceless t͡s t͡ʃ
"Ejective t͡sʼ t͡ʃʼ
"Fricative "Central s ʃ x h
"Lateral ɬ
"Approximant l j w

Puelche has an additional "phoneme /r/, but its "phonetic properties are poorly described.[4]


Casamiquela, Rodolfo M. (1983). Nociones de gramática del gününa küne. "Paris: "French National Centre for Scientific Research. 
"Adelaar, Willem (2004). The Languages of the Andes. "Cambridge University Press. "ISBN "978-0-521-36275-7. 

External links[edit]


  1. ^ Puelche at "Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Puelche". "Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^ Campbell, Lyle. (in preparation) "The classification of South American languages. In Campbell & Grondona (eds.), South America. Mouton de Gruyter.
  4. ^ a b c Clairis, Christos (1997). "Lingüística Fueguina 1997". Onomázein. 2: 421–450. 
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