Prince Pyotr Andreyevich Vyazemsky ("Russian: Пëтр Андре́евич Вя́земский, IPA: "[ˈpʲɵtr ɐnˈdrʲejɪvʲɪt͡ɕ ˈvʲæzʲɪmskʲɪj]; 23 July 1792 – 22 November 1878) was a leading personality of the "Golden Age of Russian poetry.
His parents were a Russian prince of "Rurikid stock, Prince Andrey Vyazemsky, and an Irish lady, Jenny O'Reilly. As a young man he took part in the "Battle of Borodino and other engagements of the "Napoleonic Wars. Many years later, "Tolstoy's description of the battle in "War and Peace would appear inaccurate to him and he would engage in a literary feud with the great novelist.
In the 1820s Vyazemsky was the most combative and brilliant champion of what then went by the name of "Romanticism. Both Prince Pyotr and his wife Princess Vera, née "Gagarina were on intimate terms with "Pushkin, who often visited their family seat at Ostafievo near "Moscow (now a literary museum). Unsurprisingly, Vyazemsky is quoted in Pushkin's works, including "Eugene Onegin. The two friends also exchanged several epistles in verse.
In the thirties, like all the "literary aristocracy", Vyazemsky found himself out of date and out of tune with the young generation. He had the great sadness of surviving all his contemporaries. Though it was precisely in his last years that his poetical talent bore its best fruit, he was forgotten and abandoned by critics and public long before he died. He grew into an irritated reactionary who heartily detested everyone born after 1810.
At that time, the elderly poet gained admission to the Russian court, in part through his daughter's marriage to "Pyotr Valuev, the future Chairman of the Committee of Ministers. In the 1850s, Vyazemsky served as a deputy minister of education and was in charge of the "censorship in Russia. In 1863, he settled abroad on account of bad health. Prince Vyazemsky died in "Baden-Baden, but his body was brought to "St. Petersburg and buried there.
Vyazemsky is probably best remembered as the closest friend of "Pushkin. Their correspondence is a treasure house of wit, fine criticism, and good Russian. In the early 1820s, Pushkin proclaimed Vyazemsky the finest prose writer in the country. His prose is sometimes exaggeratedly witty, but vigor and raciness are ubiquitous. His best is contained in the admirable anecdotes of his Old Notebook, an inexhaustible mine of sparkling information on the great and small men of the early nineteenth century. A major prose work of his declining years was the biography of "Denis Fonvizin.
Though Vyazemsky was the journalistic leader of Russian Romanticism, there can be nothing less romantic than his early poetry: it consists either of very elegant, polished, and cold exercises on the set commonplaces of poetry, or of brilliant essays in word play, where pun begets pun, and conceit begets conceit, heaping up mountains of verbal wit. His later poetry became more universal and essentially classical.
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