|Born||Robin Oliver Gandy
22 September 1919
"Rotherfield Peppard, Oxfordshire, England
|Died||20 November 1995
|Alma mater||"University of Cambridge (PhD)|
|Known for||"Recursion theory|
|"Thesis||On Axiomatic Systems in Mathematics and Theories in Physics (1953)|
|"Doctoral advisor||"Alan Turing|
Robin Oliver Gandy (22 September 1919 – 20 November 1995) was a British mathematician and "logician. He was a friend, student, and associate of "Alan Turing, having been supervised by Turing during his PhD at the "University of Cambridge, where they worked together.
Robin Gandy was born in the village of "Rotherfield Peppard, Oxfordshire, England. He was the son of Thomas Hall Gandy (1876–1948) and Ida Caroline née Hony (1885–1977) and great-great-grandson of the architect and artist "Joseph Gandy (1771–1843).
Educated at "Abbotsholme School, Gandy took two years of the "Mathematical Tripos, at "King's College, Cambridge, before enlisting for military service in 1940. During "World War II he worked on radio intercept equipment at "Hanslope Park, where "Alan Turing was working on a speech "encipherment project, and he became one of Turing's lifelong friends and associates. In 1946, he completed Part III of the Mathematical Tripos, then began studying for a "PhD under Turing's supervision. He completed his thesis, On axiomatic systems in mathematics and theories in Physics, in 1952. He was a member of the "Cambridge Apostles.["citation needed]
Gandy held positions at the "University of Leicester, the "University of Leeds, and the "University of Manchester. Gandy was a visiting associate professor at "Stanford University from 1966 to 1967, and held a similar position at "University of California, Los Angeles in 1968. In 1969, he moved to "Wolfson College, Oxford, where he became "Reader in Mathematical Logic. One of the residential buildings of the college is now named in his honour.
He is best known for his work in "recursion theory. His contributions include the Spector–Gandy theorem, the Gandy Stage Comparison theorem, and the Gandy Selection Theorem. He also made a significant contribution to the "understanding of the Church—Turing thesis, and his generalisation of the "Turing machine is called a Gandy machine.