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Rooi gevaar is an "Afrikaans phrase, translated into English as the "red threat" or "communist threat". The term gained popularity in "South Africa during the "Cold War and was associated with the perceived threat of international communism to religious, economic, and political freedom on the Southern African subcontinent.[1] This pretext was used to justify the banning of the "South African Communist Party (SACP) and its sister organisation, the "African National Congress (ANC), which were regarded as leading anti-"apartheid movements.[1]

The term diminished in use after the "collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991.[1]


  1. ^ a b c Taylor, Ian (2001). Stuck in Middle GEAR: South Africa's Post-apartheid Foreign Relations. Westport: Praeger Publications. pp. 38–39. "ISBN "978-0275972752. 

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