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The Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery
""Crest of the Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery.png
Badge of the Royal Canadian Artillery
Active 1883–present
Country  "Canada
Branch  "Canadian Army
Type "Artillery
Motto(s) Ubique (Everywhere) and Quo fas et gloria ducunt (Whither right and glory lead)
Captain General "Elizabeth II

The Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery ("French: Le Régiment royal de l'Artillerie canadienne) is the "artillery "personnel branch of the "Canadian Army.



Many of the units and batteries of the Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery are older than the "Dominion of Canada itself. The first "artillery "company in Canada was formed in the province of "Canada (New France) in 1750.

Volunteer Canadian "artillery batteries existed before 1855 but their history is mostly unknown. Seven batteries of artillery were formed after the passage of the "Militia Act of 1855 which allowed Canada to retain a paid military force of 5,000 men. One of the pre-1855 volunteer batteries formed in "Saint John, New Brunswick, in 1793 was called the “Loyal Company of Artillery” and exists today as the 3rd Field Artillery Regiment, RCA.

After Confederation[edit]

On 20 October 1871, the first regular Canadian army units were created, in the form of two batteries of garrison artillery; thus, that date is considered the regiment's birthday. "A" Battery in "Kingston, Ontario, and "B" Battery in "Quebec City, Quebec, became gunnery schools and performed "garrison duties in their respective towns. They are still active today as part of the 1st Regiment, Royal Canadian Horse Artillery.

The Royal Canadian Artillery has participated in every major "conflict in Canada's history.["citation needed]

Riel Rebellions[edit]

In 1870, in response to the "Red River Rebellion led by "Louis Riel, Colonel "Garnet Wolseley led a force of British regulars and Canadian Militia across "Northern Ontario to quell the uprising. The force never partook in any combat. Following the establishment of "Manitoba in May 1870, the militia portion of the force was garrisoned along the Red River. After 1872 this included the newly formed Manitoba Demi-Battery, which was composed of Regular gunners of A and B Battery.

In 1885, when Riel led the "North-West Rebellion in the "District of Saskatchewan, A and B Batteries, as well as several militia batteries, including the Winnipeg Field Battery, were dispatched to quell the uprising. Upon arriving in Saskatchewan, A Battery and Winnipeg Field fought at "Fish Creek and "Batoche. B Battery moved west to "Swift Current where they participated in the battle of "Cut Knife, which saw the first use by Canadian soldiers of the machine gun, and the last time in Canadian history that bows and arrows were used in battle.

In 1886, the Regular Gunners of A & B Batteries returned east, transferring their guns to the "North-West Mounted Police.[1]

Boer War[edit]

A 12-pounder gun at the "Royal Artillery Park, Halifax, Nova Scotia

During the "war in South Africa, Canada contributed the Brigade Division of the Canadian Field Artillery. It consisted of three "batteries, named "C", "D" and "E", each of six "12-pounder "field guns. Each battery consisted of three sections of two guns each, and was manned by a core of "Permanent Force soldiers, with additional members from the "Militia. The militia for "C" and "D" batteries came from Ontario and Winnipeg, while "E" battery had militia from Quebec, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia.[2]

"D" and "E" Batteries arrived in "Cape Town aboard the SS Laurentian in February 1900,[2] and were soon sent north to form part of a "column based at "Victoria West under Colonel Sir Charles Parsons. In March and April they took part in an operation in the "Kenhardt district, covering 700 miles (1,100 km) in six weeks, seeing little action, but much heavy rain. On 29 May, "E" battery was part of another operation under "Lieutenant-General Sir "Charles Warren, when it was attacked at Faber's Put. The Boers were eventually driven off, though the battery had one man killed and eight wounded. In his subsequent despatch Warren particularly mentioned "E" Battery's Major Ogilvie and Captain Mackie. By the end of June "E" Battery had been split up into sections and was stationed along the Kimberley–Mafeking Railway.[3]

In July 1900 "D" Battery moved to Pretoria to operate in the "Transvaal in a column commanded by Colonel "Ian Hamilton,[3] and saw much action, with a section particularly distinguishing itself at the "battle of Leliefontein,[2] when 100 men of "the Royal Canadian Dragoons and 2nd "Canadian Mounted Rifles, bolstered by a single "Colt machine gun and the two 12-pounders of the battery, repelled an attack by 200 mounted Boers while covering the withdrawal of the main column. Three "Victoria Crosses were won during the engagement.[4]

"C" Battery arrived at Cape Town aboard the SS Columbian in March 1900, but within two weeks were re-embarked to sail to "Beira, from where they travelled by train, cart, and forced march to join Lieutenant-Colonel "Herbert Plumer's column 70 miles (110 km) south of "Otse by mid-April to take part in the "relief of Mafeking. Colonel "Baden-Powell, the garrison commander at Mafeking, sent a telegram to the Canadian Government stating : Mafeking relieved today, and most grateful for invaluable assistance of Canadian Artillery, which made record march from Beira to help us. From the end of May the battery operated with Plumer's column in the "Zeerust district until November, seeing action regularly.[3]

The unit never operated as a whole, with the batteries, and sometimes even sections, operating independently, often for months at a time, and it was only reunited when it regrouped to return to Canada in June 1901.[2]

World War I[edit]

The Canadian Artillery and the Garrison Artillery were the designations of the "Non-Permanent Active Militia as of 1 January 1914. The Canadian Artillery and the Garrison Artillery were collectively redesignated the Royal Canadian Artillery on 3 June 1935.

By November 1918, the 1st Canadian Division had expanded to the following artillery units:

By November 1918, the 2nd Canadian Division had expanded to the following artillery units:

By November 1918, the 3rd Canadian Division had expanded to the following artillery units:

By November 1918, the 4th Canadian Division had expanded to the following artillery units:

Canadian Corps Troops - Corps Heavy Artillery

5th Divisional Artillery

Army Service Corps - 5th Divisional Artillery Motor Transport Detachment

Canadian Cavalry Brigade - Artillery - Royal Canadian Horse Artillery Brigade

Army troops - Attached to the British Expeditionary Force - Artillery

World War II[edit]

Monument to Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery in "Ottawa.

The R.C.H.A. and R.C.A. expanded tremendously during the war to contribute the following units to the European theater:

The "formation patch worn by R.C.A. personnel attached directly to "I Canadian Corps.
The "formation patch worn by R.C.A. personnel attached directly to "II Canadian Corps.
The formation patch worn by R.C.A. personnel attached directly to the "First Canadian Army.

Coastal defences Pacific coast[edit]

The RCA was also responsible for the defence of Canada on both the west and east coasts. In 1936 a review was done by Major Treatt of the "Royal Artillery of the existing defences and potential sites for new forts. Efforts to improve the existing fortifications and build new ones were well underway by 1939.

There were approximately 10 armed forts and gun positions established along the Pacific west coast. The ones in the "Strait of Juan de Fuca were integrated with the U.S. coastal defences. As the war progressed and the threat of attack diminished, the forts were gradually drawn down and demobilized. The last active coastal defence fort on the west coast, "Fort Rodd Hill,[5] was deactivated in 1958.

A list of forts and gun positions on the West Coast section[edit]

Korean War[edit]

Cold War[edit]

The Regular and Reserve components of the Royal Canadian Horse Artillery, Royal Canadian Artillery and Royal Canadian Garrison Artillery were collectively redesignated the Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery on 29 October 1956.


Canadian soldiers fire an "M777 howitzer in Afghanistan.

Units of The Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery[edit]

The Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery is composed of both regular and reserve (militia) forces. The regular force component is composed of five units, four of which are front line operation units; of these, three are "field artillery regiments while the fourth is a "low level air defence unit. The fifth regular unit is the Royal Canadian Artillery School. Additionally, while the three field artillery regiments are on the RCA's order of battle, they are addressed as elements of the "Royal Canadian Horse Artillery.




Independent batteries[edit]

Since spring 2005, 10th Field Regiment, 26th Field Regiment and 116th Independent Field Battery have been grouped together as "38 Canadian Brigade Group's (38 CBG) Artillery Tactical Group (ATG).

Other units[edit]

Order of precedence[edit]

RCHA on parade with guns:

Preceded by
"Naval Operations Branch
The Royal Canadian Horse Artillery
(See note below)
Succeeded by
Army elements of
"Royal Military College of Canada

RCHA on dismounted parades:

Preceded by
Army elements of
"Royal Military College of Canada
The Royal Canadian Horse Artillery
(See note below)
Succeeded by
"Royal Canadian Armoured Corps

RCA units:

Preceded by
"Royal Canadian Armoured Corps
The Royal Canadian Artillery Succeeded by
"Corps of Royal Canadian Engineers

Note: Despite not being the senior component of the Canadian Army, the honour of "the right of the line" (precedence over other units), on an army parade, is held by the units of the Royal Canadian Horse Artillery when on parade with their guns. On dismounted parades, RCHA units take precedence over all other land force units except formed bodies of Officer Cadets of the "Royal Military College of Canada representing their college. RCA units parade to the left of units of the Royal Canadian Armoured Corps. The Royal Canadian Artillery does not carry "colours. Its guns are its colours and are saluted on parade.


Royal Canadian Artillery Museum[edit]

Royal Canadian Artillery Museum
Location CFB Shilo, P.O. Box 5000, Stn Main, "Shilo, Manitoba, Canada
Type Artillery Museum

As the principal artillery museum in Canada, the Royal Canadian Artillery Museum presents, acquires, preserves, researches and interprets the contributions of the Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery and the Canadian military to the heritage of Canada.[8] The museum is affiliated with: "CMA, "CHIN, "OMMC and "Virtual Museum of Canada.


A memorial wall and an artillery field gun, were erected on 21 September 1959 by the Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery, which is dedicated to the memory of the members of the regiment killed in the service of Canada. It was relocated from its original location at Major's Hill Park to Green Island Park in "Ottawa, Ontario and rededicated on 24 May 1998.[9]


The freedom of the city was accepted by the "5th (British Columbia) Field Battery, Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery in "Victoria, British Columbia on 4 November 1979.[10]


Site Date(s) Designated Location Description Image
"Colonel D. V. Currie VC Armoury, 1215 Main Street North. 1913-14 1998 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings "Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan

Popular culture[edit]

The Royal Canadian Artillery is playable force featured heavily in the video game "Company of Heroes: Opposing Fronts. They are also a playable force in the Wargame franchise in ""Wargame: Airland Battle" and ""Wargame: Red Dragon".

See also[edit]


  1. ^ RCA Concise History
  2. ^ a b c d "South African War - Brigade Division, Royal Canadian Field Artillery". Canadian War Museum. 2014. Retrieved 2 December 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c Biggins, David (2014). "Royal Canadian Artillery". The Anglo-Boer War. Retrieved 2 December 2014. 
  4. ^ Milner, John M. (2014). "The Boer War – Canada's First "Foreign War"". "Victoria Park. Retrieved 2 December 2014. 
  5. ^ "Fort Rodd Hill". Fort Rodd Hill National Historic Site Victoria. 2014. Retrieved 2 December 2014. 
  6. ^ a b c "4th Air Defence Regiment, RCA". Canadian Armed Forces. 2014. Retrieved 2 December 2014. 
  7. ^ a b A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces, Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments. "Department of National Defence. 15 January 2010. 
  8. ^ A-AD-266-000/AG-001 Canadian Forces Museums – Operations and Administration. 3 April 2002. 
  9. ^ "Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery Memorial". DND Directorate of History and Heritage. 2014. Archived from the original on 17 May 2014. Retrieved 2 December 2014. 
  10. ^ "5th (British Columbia) Field Artillery Regiment". Canadian Army. 2014. Retrieved 2 December 2014. 

External links[edit]

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