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Royal and Parliamentary Titles Act 1927
Act of Parliament
"Long title An Act to provide for the alteration of the Royal Style and Titles and of the Style of Parliament and for purposes incidental thereto.
"Citation 4
Dates
"Royal assent 12 April 1927
"Commencement 12 April 1927
Status: Current legislation
Text of statute as originally enacted
Revised text of statute as amended
Constitutional documents relevant to the status of the "United Kingdom and legislative unions "of its constituent countries
""Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (HM Government).svg
"Treaty of Union 1706
"Acts of Union 1707
"Personal Union of 1714 1714
"Wales and Berwick Act 1746
"Irish Constitution 1782
"Acts of Union 1800
"Government of Ireland Act 1920
"Anglo-Irish Treaty 1921
Royal and Parliamentary Titles Act 1927
"N. Ireland (Temporary Provisions) Act 1972
"European Communities Act 1972
"Local Government Act 1972
"Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973
"Northern Ireland Assembly 1973
"N. Ireland Constitution Act 1973
"Referendum Act 1975
"Scotland Act 1978
"Wales Act 1978
"Local Government (Wales) Act 1994
"Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994
"Referendums (Scotland & Wales) Act 1997
"Good Friday Agreement 1998
"Northern Ireland Act 1998
"Government of Wales Act 1998
"Scotland Act 1998
"Government of Wales Act 2006
"Northern Ireland Act 2009
"European Union Act 2011
"Scotland Act 2012
"Edinburgh Agreement 2012
"Wales Act 2014
"European Union Referendum Act 2015
"Scotland Act 2016
"Wales Act 2017

The Royal and Parliamentary Titles Act 1927 (17 & 18 Geo. 5 c. 4) was an "act of the "Parliament of the United Kingdom that authorised the alteration of the British monarch's royal style and titles, and altered the formal name of the British Parliament, in recognition of most of Ireland separating from the United Kingdom as the "Irish Free State. It received "royal assent on 12 April 1927.[1]

Contents

Background to the Act[edit]

As a result of the "Anglo-Irish Treaty, in 1922 most of Ireland was detached from the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland to become the "Irish Free State. However, six north-eastern counties remained united with Great Britain as "Northern Ireland.

The king's title, proclaimed under the Royal Titles Act 1901, was:

"George V, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas King, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India"[2]

At the "1926 Imperial Conference, it was agreed by the government at Westminster and those of the various "Dominions that the existing royal style and titles of their shared monarch "hardly accorded with the altered state of affairs arising from the establishment of the Irish Free State as a Dominion".[2] The Conference concluded that the wording should be changed to:

"George V, by the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland and the British Dominions beyond the Seas King, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India"[3]

Under the existing constitutional arrangements of the "British Commonwealth, it was necessary for legislation to be enacted by the "Parliament of the United Kingdom in order for the royal style and titles to be altered; the resulting Act would then extend automatically into the law of the various Dominions. The British Government introduced the necessary "bill into the "House of Commons in March 1927 and easily secured its passage through both Houses of Parliament.

Provisions of the Act[edit]

The Act contained three substantive provisions.

Firstly, the "King was authorised to issue a "royal proclamation within six months of the Act's passing, authorising him to alter the royal style and titles.[4] Following the precedent set by similar legislation in the past, the Act did not itself set out the form of the new style and titles that were to be adopted.

Secondly, the Act formally renamed the parliament sitting at Westminster from "Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland" to "Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland".[5]

Finally, the Act established that the term "United Kingdom", when used in "every Act [of Parliament] passed and public document issued after the passing of this Act", would mean Great Britain and Northern Ireland (unless the context required otherwise).[6]

A royal proclamation was subsequently issued under the terms of the Act on 13 May 1927. The proclamation followed the recommendation of the Imperial Conference by altering the "Latin and English forms of the existing royal style and titles, the former by replacing "Britanniarum" with "Magnae Britanniae, Hiberniae", and the latter by replacing "the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of" with "Great Britain, Ireland and".[7]

Subsequent developments[edit]

Over the next quarter of the century the relationship between the various members of the Commonwealth continued to evolve. In particular, the outcome of the "1930 Imperial Conference (and the resultant "Statute of Westminster 1931), the "formal declaration by the Irish state of its republican status and its consequent secession from the Commonwealth, and the request by "India that it remain a member of the Commonwealth despite adopting a "republican constitution, all altered both the nature and composition of the Commonwealth.

The royal style and titles were altered in 1948, to reflect the independence of "India the previous year by omitting the title "Emperor of India". However, the accession of a new monarch ("Elizabeth II) in 1952 was taken as an opportunity to completely alter both the form of the style and titles, and the manner in which they would be legislated for; henceforth, each "Commonwealth realm would pass its own legislation establishing its own version of the style and titles. The resulting legislation for the United Kingdom and its dependencies was the "Royal Style and Titles Act. The reference to "Ireland" in the royal style and title was not changed to "Northern Ireland" until May 1953.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Oliver, J. D. B. (2004). "What's in a Name?". In John Tiley (ed.). Studies in the history of tax law. Tax Law History Conference. Oxford ; Portland, Or: Hart Publishing. "ISBN "1841134732. 
  2. ^ a b Imperial Conference, 1926: Summary of Proceedings Cmd 2768, p. 15 (London: HMSO, 1926).
  3. ^ Cmd 2768 (1926), p. 16
  4. ^ Royal and Parliamentary Titles Act 1927, s. 1
  5. ^ s. 2(1)
  6. ^ s. 2(2)
  7. ^ "No. 33274". "The London Gazette. 13 May 1927. pp. 3111–3111. 
  8. ^ http://www.heraldica.org/topics/britain/britstyles.htm#1927

External links[edit]

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