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The German publishing house S. Fischer Verlag (today in "Frankfurt am Main) was founded in 1886 by "Samuel Fischer in "Berlin and is a leading German address for literary publications, fine literature and "fiction.
After the "Nazis came to power in Germany, the Jewish family of owner "Gottfried Bermann-Fischer fled and founded a branch of their publishing house in "Vienna. Those who remained in Berlin kept the official name "S. Fischer Verlag" and were led by "Peter Suhrkamp.
After "the Second World War, disputes over the future of the publishing house arose between Suhrkamp and Fischer. This led to an out-of-court agreement, resulting in a sort of bisection of the S. Fischer Verlag: Bermann-Fischer regained control from Peter Suhrkamp, but Suhrkamp founded his own "Suhrkamp publishing house in 1950, and authors could choose which publishing house they wanted to be published by in future. Ultimately, 33 of the 48 authors, among them "Bertolt Brecht, "Hermann Hesse, "T. S. Eliot and "George Bernard Shaw, decided to change to "Suhrkamp.
Among the imprints of Fischer are Fischer Taschenbuch Verlag, Argon Verlag and Scherz Verlag. Today the S. Fischer Verlag, as well as other publishers, such as Kindler, "Rowohlt, and "Kiepenheuer & Witsch and Metzler, are part of "Holtzbrinck, a publishing group. Holtzbrinck bought S. Fischer in 1963.
In 2015, S. Fischer Verlag sued US-based "Project Gutenberg in German court for copyright infringement of 18 works by Heinrich Mann, Thomas Mann and Alfred Döblin. The works are in the public domain in the US, but still copyrighted under German law. In February, 2018 Project Gutenberg responded to the German court's judgement by blocking all access to Project Gutenberg from IP addresses in Germany.
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