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""Prefecture building of the Saône-et-Loire department, in Mâcon
"Prefecture building of the Saône-et-Loire department, in Mâcon
""Flag of Saône-et-Loire
""Coat of arms of Saône-et-Loire
Coat of arms
""Location of Saône-et-Loire in France
Location of Saône-et-Loire in France
Coordinates: 46°40′N 04°42′E / 46.667°N 4.700°E / 46.667; 4.700"Coordinates: 46°40′N 04°42′E / 46.667°N 4.700°E / 46.667; 4.700
"Country "France
"Region "Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
"Prefecture "Mâcon
"Subprefectures "Autun
 • "President of the General Council André Accary
 • Total 8,575 km2 (3,311 sq mi)
Population (2013)
 • Total 556,222
 • Rank "47th
 • Density 65/km2 (170/sq mi)
"Time zone "CET ("UTC+1)
 • Summer ("DST) "CEST ("UTC+2)
"Department number 71
"Arrondissements "5
"Cantons "29
"Communes "567
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude "estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Saône-et-Loire (French pronunciation: ​"[sonelwaʁ]; "Arpitan: Sona-et-Lêre) is a "French "department, named after the "Saône and the "Loire rivers between which it lies.



When it was formed during the "French Revolution, as of March 4, 1790 in fulfillment of the law of December 22, 1789, the new department combined parts of the "provinces of southern "Burgundy and "Bresse, uniting lands that had no previous common history nor political unity and which have no true geographical unity. Thus its history is that of Burgundy, and is especially to be found in the local histories of "Autun, "Mâcon, "Chalon-sur-Saône, "Charolles and "Louhans.


Saône-et-Loire is the seventh largest department of France. It is part of the "region "Bourgogne-Franche-Comté. In the west, the department is composed of the hills of the Autunois, the region around "Autun, in the southwest the "Charollais, and the "Mâconnais in the south.

In the centre, the department is traversed from north to south by the Saône in its wide plain; the Saône is a tributary of the River "Rhône that joins it at "Lyon and thus is connected to the "Mediterranean Sea. The source of the "Loire, is south of the department, in the department of "Ardèche. It then makes its way in the opposite direction, forming the southwest border of the department, and eventually draining into the "Atlantic Ocean. The "Canal du Centre links the Saône to the Loire between "Chalon-sur-Saône and "Digoin, thereby linking the "Mediterranean Sea to the "Atlantic ocean. In the east, the department occupies the northern part of the plain of Bresse. In the west, its industrial heart is in "Le Creusot and "Montceau-les-Mines, formerly noted for their coal mines and metallurgy.

Principal towns[edit]

Most Populous Saône-et-Loire communes[1]
Rank Commune Canton Arrondissement Population
1 "Chalon-sur-Saône "Chalon-sur-Saône-1
"Chalon-sur-Saône 45,166
2 "Mâcon "Mâcon-1
"Mâcon 33,350
3 "Le Creusot "Le Creusot-1
"Le Creusot-2
"Autun 22,308
4 "Montceau-les-Mines "Montceau-les-Mines "Chalon-sur-Saône 18,969
5 "Autun "Autun-1
"Autun 13,863


The department consists of five arrondissements:

There are 29 cantons in the department and 567 communes.

""Carte de la Saône-et-Loire.svg


Touristic sites :

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Insee - Populations légales 2013". "Insee. Retrieved September 11, 2016. 

External links[edit]

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