Sangria (English: "//, "Portuguese: sangria; "Spanish: sangría "[saŋˈɡɾi.a]) is an "alcoholic beverage of "Portuguese and "Spanish origin. A "punch, the sangria traditionally consists of "red wine and chopped fruit, often with other ingredients such as "orange juice or "brandy.
Little is known about the origins of this Iberian drink. According to the SAGE Encyclopedia of Alcohol, sangria's origins "cannot be pinpointed exactly, but early versions were popular in Spain, Portugal, Greece, and Ireland."
Sangaree, a predecessor drink to sangria that was served either hot or cold, likely originated in the "Caribbean (West Indies), and from there was introduced to America, where it was common beginning in the American colonial era but "largely disappeared in the United States" by the early twentieth century. Sangria as an iced drink was reintroduced to the U.S. by the late 1940s through "Hispanic Americans and Spanish restaurants, and came to greater popularity with the "1964 World's Fair in New York.
Sangria recipes vary widely, with many regional distinctions. Traditional recipes feature "red wine mixed with fruits, such as "pineapple, "peaches, "nectarines, "berries, "apples, "pears, or melon, sweetened with sugar and orange juice. Spanish "Rioja red wine is traditional. Sangria blanca (sangria with "white wine) is a more recent innovation. For sangria blanca, Casas recommends dry white wines such as a "Rueda, "Jumilla, or "Valdepeñas.
Under "European Union law, the use of the word sangria in labels is now "restricted under geographical labeling rules. The "European Parliament approved new labeling laws by a wide margin in January 2014, protecting indications for aromatized drinks, including sangria, "Vermouth and "Gluehwein. Only sangria made in Spain and Portugal is allowed to be sold as "sangria" in Europe; sangria made elsewhere must be labeled as such (e.g., as "German sangria" or "Swedish sangria").
The definition of sangria under European Union law from a 1991 Council Regulation states:
a drink obtained from wine, aromatized with the addition of natural citrus-fruit extracts or essences, with or without the juice of such fruit and with the possible addition of spices, sweetened and with CO2 added, having an acquired alcoholic strength by volume of less than 12 % vol. The drink may contain solid particles of citrus-fruit pulp or peel and its colour must come exclusively from the raw materials used. The description "Sangria" must be accompanied by the words "produced in..." followed by the name of the Member State of production or of a more restricted region except where the product is produced in Spain or Portugal. The description "Sangria" may replace the description "aromatized wine-based drink" only where the drink is manufactured in Spain or Portugal.