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The Logicians or School of Names ("Chinese: 名家; "pinyin: Míngjiā) was a school of "Chinese philosophy that grew out of "Mohism during the "Warring States period in 479–221 BCE. It is also sometimes called the School of Forms and Names ("Chinese: 形名家; "pinyin: Xíngmíngjiā; "Wade–Giles: Hsing2-ming2-chia1).[1]

One of the few surviving lines from the school, "a one-foot stick, every day take away half of it, in a myriad ages it will not be exhausted," resembles "Zeno's paradoxes. However, some of their other aphorisms seem contradictory or unclear when taken out of context, for example, "Dogs are not hounds."[2]

Their philosophy is often considered to be akin to those of the "sophists or of the "dialecticians. "Joseph Needham notes that their works have been lost, except for the partially preserved "Gongsun Longzi, and the paradoxes of Chapter 33 of the "Zhuangzi.[3] Needham also notes that the disappearance of the greater part of "Gongsun Longzi must be considered one of the worst losses in the ancient Chinese books, as what remains is said to reach the highest point of ancient Chinese philosophical writing.[1]

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  1. ^ a b Needham 1956 p. 185
  2. ^ Miscellaneous Paradoxes
  3. ^ Needham 1956

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