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( => ( => ( => Seine-et-Marne [pageid] => 90606 ) =>
Seine-et-Marne
"Department
""Prefecture building of the Seine-et-Marne department, in Melun
"Prefecture building of the Seine-et-Marne department, in "Melun
""Coat of arms of Seine-et-Marne
Coat of arms
""Location of Seine-et-Marne in France
Location of Seine-et-Marne in France
Coordinates: 48°36′N 03°00′E / 48.600°N 3.000°E / 48.600; 3.000"Coordinates: 48°36′N 03°00′E / 48.600°N 3.000°E / 48.600; 3.000
"Country "France
"Region "Île-de-France
"Prefecture "Melun
"Subprefectures "Fontainebleau
"Meaux
"Provins
"Torcy
Government
 • "President of the General Council Jean-Jacques Barbaux
Area1
 • Total 5,915 km2 (2,284 sq mi)
Population (2013)
 • Total 1,365,200
 • Rank "10th
 • Density 230/km2 (600/sq mi)
"Time zone "CET ("UTC+1)
 • Summer ("DST) "CEST ("UTC+2)
"Department number 77
"Arrondissements "5
"Cantons "23
"Communes "510
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude "estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Seine-et-Marne (pronounced "[sɛn e maʁn]) is a "French "department, named after the "Seine and "Marne rivers, and located in the "Île-de-France "region.

Contents

History[edit]

Seine-et-Marne is one of the original 83 departments, created on 4 March 1790, during the "French Revolution in application of the law of 22 December 1789. It had previously belonged to the "former province of "Île-de-France.

Economy[edit]

""
""
Wheat field near "Saint-Fargeau-Ponthierry

With 60% of the region used as farmland, Seine-et-Marne is where most agricultural activity occurs within the "Île-de-France. Cereals and sugar beet are the principal exports from Seine-et-Marne.

The other key industrial structures are the refinery at Grandpuits and the Snecma research plant. The two new towns are the centre of tourism for the department, mainly due to theme parks such as "Disneyland Park and "Walt Disney Studios Park at "Disneyland Paris.

Climate[edit]

Seine-et-Marne has a temperate Atlantic climate. The average rainfall is based upon that of "Fontainebleau, giving an average rainfall of 650 mm (25.6 in), which is higher than the average of "Île-de-France (600 mm (23.6 in)). Average temperature in "Melun during the 1953–2002 period was 3.2 °C (37.8 °F) for January and 18.6 °C (65.5 °F) for July.

The storm of 26 December 1999 led to five deaths in Seine-et-Marne and caused several trees to fall.

Geography[edit]

Seine-et-Marne forms a part of the "Île-de-France region; the department covers 49% of the region's land area. It is bordered by "Val-d'Oise, "Seine-Saint-Denis, "Val-de-Marne, "Essonne to the West; "Loiret and "Yonne to the South; "Aube and "Marne to the East; and "Aisne and "Oise to the North.

The department has many natural reserves, notably "Brie and "Gâtinais.

The highest point of the département is Saint-George's Hill (215 m).

Principal towns[edit]

Most Populous Seine-et-Marne communes[1]
Rank Commune Canton Arrondissement Population
1 "Meaux "Meaux "Meaux 53,766
2 "Chelles "Chelles "Torcy 53,569
3 "Melun "Melun "Melun 40,066
4 "Pontault-Combault "Pontault-Combault "Torcy 37,847
5 "Savigny-le-Temple "Savigny-le-Temple "Melun 30,068
6 "Villeparisis "Villeparisis "Torcy 25,889
7 "Bussy-Saint-Georges "Torcy "Torcy 25,419
8 "Champs-sur-Marne "Champs-sur-Marne "Torcy 24,913
9 "Torcy "Torcy "Torcy 23,669
10 "Roissy-en-Brie "Pontault-Combault "Torcy 22,559
11 "Combs-la-Ville "Combs-la-Ville "Melun 22,086
12 "Dammarie-lès-Lys "Saint-Fargeau-Ponthierry "Melun 21,094
13 "Lagny-sur-Marne "Lagny-sur-Marne "Torcy 20,718
14 "Le Mée-sur-Seine "Savigny-le-Temple "Melun 20,713
15 "Ozoir-la-Ferrière "Ozoir-la-Ferrière "Torcy 19,917

Demographics[edit]

People from Seine-et-Marne are known as the Seine-et-Marnais.

Originally Seine-et-Marne was very rural and lightly populated. Over the past 50 years, however, its population has tripled, due to the development of the Paris "conurbation and the building of new towns in the northwest of the region. The population was estimated to be 1,267,496 inhabitants in 2006. The region has changed from consisting only of small villages to forming a large part of the Paris conurbation.

Seine-et-Marne as a whole shares a "sister city relationship with "Orlando, "Florida, "United States, as both host "Disney theme parks.

Place of birth of residents[edit]

Place of birth of residents of Seine-et-Marne in 1999
Born in "Metropolitan France Born outside Metropolitan France
86.6% 13.4%
Born in
"Overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth1 "EU-15 immigrants2 Non-EU-15 immigrants
1.4% 2.3% 3.8% 5.9%
1This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as "pieds-noirs in "Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), and to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.
2An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Tourism[edit]

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Insee - Populations légales 2013". "Insee. Retrieved 25 August 2016. 

External links[edit]


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