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Self-Portrait with Thorn Necklace and Hummingbird
Spanish: Autorretrato con Collar de Espinas
""Frida Kahlo (self portrait).jpg
Artist "Frida Kahlo
Year 1940
Medium "Oil on canvas
Dimensions 61.25 cm × 47 cm (24.11 in × 18.5 in)
Location "Harry Ransom Center, "University of Texas at Austin, "Austin

Self-Portrait with Thorn Necklace and Hummingbird (Autorretrato con Collar de Espinas) is a 1940 painting by Mexican painter "Frida Kahlo.

Kahlo painted the self-portrait after her divorce from "Diego Rivera and the end of her affair with photographer "Nickolas Muray. Muray bought the portrait shortly after it was painted, and it is currently part of the Nickolas Muray collection at the Harry Ransom Center at the "University of Texas at Austin. [1]

Contents

Background[edit]

"Frida Kahlo was a Mexican painter active between 1925 and 1954. She began painting while bedridden due to a bus accident that left her seriously disabled. Most of her work consists of self-portraits, which deal directly with her struggle with medical issues, infertility, and her troubled marriage to Rivera. Painting self-portraits was therapeutic, allowing Kahlo to create a separate Frida on which to project her anguish and pain.[2] Scholars have interpreted her self portraits as a way for Kahlo to reclaim her body from medical issues and gender conformity. In particular, scholars have interpreted her self-portraits in the context of the tradition of male European artists using the female body as the subject of their paintings and an object of desire.[3] Kahlo, using her own image, reclaims this use from the patriarchal tradition. The autobiographical details of her life found in these works as well as her characteristic brows, elaborate hair, and vibrant Mexican clothing has made her a popular figure in Mexico and the United States.

Kahlo was a big supporter of the "Mexican Revolution, so much so that she attempted to change her birth date to correspond with the beginning of the Revolution in 1910.[2] At the onset of this movement, a so-called “cult of Mexican femininity” gained popularity, which Jolie Olcott describes as “selflessness, martyrdom, self-sacrifice, an erasure of self and the negation of one’s outward existence.”[4] In rejection of this limited conception of femininity, Kahlo fashioned herself as a Mexican counterpart to the "flappers of the United States and Europe in the 1920s. Later, inspired by Rivera’s concept of "Mexicanidad, a passionate identification with Mexican pre-Hispanic indigenous roots, she donned the identity of the "Tehuana woman.[2] The Tehuana had a great deal of equality with their male "Zapotec counterparts and represented strength, sensuality, and exoticism.[5]

Visual analysis[edit]

This rather small painting (approximately 24” x 18”), shows Kahlo in a frontal position and directly confronting the viewer’s gaze from the canvas. Her bold eyebrows hold the emphasis on her face, as a thorn necklace strangles her throat, trailing down her chest like the roots of a tree. A small black hummingbird with its wings outstretched hangs like a pendant from her throat. She is surrounded by insects and animals, setting the scene of a lush, but suffocatingly dense jungle. A monkey sits behind her right shoulder, its eyes focused on its hands, tugging at the thorn necklace, causing Kahlo to bleed. Above her head, two dragonflies float in mid-air, above two butterfly clips nesting in the elaborate hairstyle that crowns her head. A black panther with striking ice blue eyes peers over her left shoulder.

Her style could be described as decorative, intimate, dream-like, naive, and eccentric. The colors of the portrait are striking, with a variety of green tones - from Granny Smith apples to fresh cut grass - contrasting against her bright white blouse and the black animals. While the foliage creates the illusion of a lush jungle scene, the portrait itself is remarkably flat and static, with each element competing on the same plane. The placement of the creatures also seems incredibly staged, suggesting that Kahlo is not painting attempting to conjure a real scene, but instead might be arranging symbolic elements to communicate a feeling or idea.

Symbolism[edit]

Kahlo’s identification with indigenous Mexican culture greatly affected her painting aesthetic. By using powerful iconography from indigenous Mexican culture, Kahlo situates herself in a tradition of rebellion against colonial forces and male rule.[5] The dead hummingbird which hangs around her neck is considered a good luck charm for falling in love in Mexican folklore.[6] An alternate interpretation is that the hummingbird pendant is a symbol of "Huitzilopochtli, the "Aztec god of war.[7] Meanwhile, the black panther is symbolic of bad luck and death and the monkey is a symbol of evil.[6] The natural landscape, which normally symbolizes fertility, contrasts with the deathly imagery in the foreground. Rivera gave Kahlo a "spider monkey as a gift, thus suggesting that it could be a symbol of Rivera, especially since he inflicts pain upon Kahlo by tugging the thorn necklace hard enough to make her bleed.[6] Alternately, the thorn necklace could allude to Christ’s crown of thorns, thus likening herself to a Christian martyr, and representing the pain and anguish she felt after her failed romantic relationships. In line with this interpretation, the butterflies and dragonflies could symbolize her resurrection.[5]

Exhibition history[edit]

The University of Texas at Austin acquired the painting in 1966. Since 1990, it has appeared in several exhibitions internationally:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Ditrich, "Self-portrait with Thorn Necklace and Hummingbird".
  2. ^ a b c Herrera, “Kahlo, Frida".
  3. ^ Udall, “Frida Kahlo’s Mexican Body,” 13.
  4. ^ Pankl and Blake, “Made in Her Image,” 5.
  5. ^ a b c Pankl and Blake, “Made in Her Image,” 8.
  6. ^ a b c Fuentes and Kahlo, The Diary of Frida Kahlo,” 78.
  7. ^ Baddeley, “Her Dress Hangs Here,” 13.
  8. ^ "Frida Kahlo.". Philadelphia Museum of Art. Retrieved 8 March 2015. 
  9. ^ "In Wonderland: The Surrealist Adventures of Women Artists in Mexico and the United States.". Los Angeles County Museum of Art. Retrieved 8 March 2015. 
  10. ^ "Frida Kahlo's "Self-Portrait with Thorn Necklace and Hummingbird" at Ransom Center in Austin". Art Daily. Retrieved 8 March 2015. 
  11. ^ "Frida Kahlo: List of Works". Scuderie del Quirinale. Retrieved 8 March 2015. 
  12. ^ "Frida Kahlo's Self-portrait with Thorn Necklace and Hummingbird". Harry Ransom Center, University of Texas at Austin. Retrieved 8 March 2015. 
  13. ^ "About the Show: Frida Kahlo: Art, Garden, Life". New York Botanical Garden. Retrieved 8 March 2015. 

References[edit]

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