A semiprofession is an occupation that requires advanced knowledge and skills but is not widely regarded as a true "profession. Traditional examples of semiprofessions include "social work, "journalism, "librarianship, "teaching and "nursing. Such fields often have less clear-cut barriers to entry than traditional professions like "law and "medicine, and their practitioners often lack the degree of control over their own work that has been traditionally associated with professionals such as doctors and lawyers.
In addition, semiprofessions tend to have been historically identified as "women's work," which has exacerbated prejudices against regarding them as "true" professions regardless of the amount of skill involved.
In most semiprofessional fields, efforts at "professionalization are ongoing.
The question of whether nursing is properly considered a semiprofession in the present day is hotly debated. Arguments in favor of continuing to regard nursing as a semiprofession have included the toleration of part-time work and nursing's traditional subordination to medicine in making treatment decisions. Arguments in favor of regarding nursing as a profession, rather than a semiprofession, include the extensive postsecondary training requirements, formal certification as a "registered nurse, self-regulation, and the existence of formal codes of professional ethics.
One group especially tied to this term, the "American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education (AACTE), published a list of twelve checkpoints they believe help define a semiprofession.