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The setting is both the "time and "geographic location within a "narrative or within a work of "fiction. A "literary element, the setting helps initiate the main "backdrop and "mood for a story. Setting has been referred to as story world [1] or "milieu to include a "context (especially "society) beyond the immediate surroundings of the story. Elements of setting may include "culture, "historical period, "geography, and "hour. Along with the "plot, "character, "theme, and "style, setting is considered one of the fundamental components of "fiction.[2]



Setting is an important element in a narrative and in some works the setting becomes a character itself. The term setting is often used to refer to the social milieu in which the events of a novel occur[3] and "novelist "Donna Levin has described how this social milieu shapes the characters’ values.[4] The elements of the story setting include the passage of time, which may be static in some stories or dynamic in others with, for example, changing seasons.


Setting may take various forms:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Truby, 2007, p. 145
  2. ^ Obstfeld, 2002, pp.1,65,115,171.
  3. ^ Lodge, 1992, pp.58-60.
  4. ^ Levin, 1992, pp.110-112.


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