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Shrewsbury
Former "County constituency
for the "House of Commons
File:1885-1918 Shrewsbury.png
Shrewsbury in Shropshire, 1885-1918
"County "Shropshire
"1918–"1983
Number of members One
Replaced by "Shrewsbury and Atcham
1290–"1918
Number of members 1290–1885: Two
1885–1918: One
Type of constituency "Borough constituency

Shrewsbury was a "parliamentary constituency in "England, centred on the town of "Shrewsbury in "Shropshire.

It was founded in 1290 as "parliamentary borough, returning two members to the "House of Commons of England until 1707, then of the "House of Commons of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800, and of the "House of Commons of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1885. Under the "Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, its representation was reduced to one "Member of Parliament (MP).

The parliamentary borough was abolished at with effect from the "1918 general election, and the name transferred to a new "county constituency. It was abolished in 1983 and renamed "Shrewsbury and Atcham.

Famous MPs have included "Sir Philip Sidney in 1581, "Robert Clive (known as 'Clive of India') from 1761 to his death in 1774, and "Benjamin Disraeli (later "Prime Minister) in 1841-47.

Contents

Boundaries[edit]

1918-1934: The Municipal Borough of Shrewsbury, and the Rural Districts of Atcham and Chirbury.

1934-1950: The Municipal Borough of Shrewsbury, and the Rural Districts of Atcham and Clun.

1950-1974: The Municipal Borough of Shrewsbury, and the Rural District of Atcham.

1974-1983: The Borough of Shrewsbury & Atcham.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Borough of Shrewsbury[edit]

MPs 1290–1660[edit]

Parliament First member Second member
1386 Robert Grafton "Hugh Wigan [1]
1388 (Feb) "Hugh Wigan Robert Thornes [1]
1388 (Sep) Robert Grafton "Hugh Wigan [1]
1390 (Jan) Robert Grafton Thomas Pride [1]
1390 (Nov)
1391 "Hugh Wigan Thomas Pride [1]
1393 Thomas Pride Thomas Game [1]
1394 Thomas Pride "Hugh Wigan [1]
1395 Richard Aldescote Roger Thornes [1]
1397 (Jan) Thomas Skinner John Geoffrey [1]
1397 (Sep)
1399 Nicholas Gerard Thomas Berwick [1]
1401
1402 Thomas Pride Roger Thornes [1]
1404 (Jan) Thomas Pride Simon Tour [1]
1404 (Oct)
1406 "John Perle Robert Thornes [1]
1407 Thomas Pride John Scriven [1]
1410 Robert Thornes Roger Thornes [1]
1411 Thomas Pride John Whithiford [1]
1413 (Feb)
1413 (May) "David Holbache Urian St Pierre [1]
1414 (Apr) Thomas Pride  ? [1]
1414 (Nov) Robert Horseley William Horde [1]
1415 William Horde John Shotton [1]
1416 (Mar) William Horde John Beget [1]
1416 (Oct) William Horde Robert Horseley [1]
1417 William Horde "David Holbache [1]
1419 "Roger Corbet (died 1430) David Rathbone [1]
1420 Robert Whitcombe Richard Bentley [1]
1421 (May) Urian St Pierre Robert Whitcombe [1]
1421 (Dec) William Horde Robert Whitcombe [1]
1510 Roger Thornes "Thomas Knight[2]
1512 Thomas Kynaston "Thomas Trentham [2]
1515 Sir Thomas Kynaston "Thomas Trentham [2]
1523 Edmund Cole "Adam Mytton [2]
1529 "Robert Dudley alias Sutton "Adam Mytton [2]
1536 "Robert Dudley alias Sutton "Adam Mytton [2]
1539 "Nicholas Purcell Robert Thornes [2]
1542 "Adam Mytton "Richard Mytton [2]
1545 "Nicholas Purcell "Edward Hosier[2]
1547 "Reginald Corbet "John Evans[2]
1553 (Mar) "Nicholas Purcell "George Leigh[2]
1553 (Oct) "Reginald Corbet "Nicholas Purcell[2]
1554 (Apr) "Richard Mytton "Nicholas Purcell[2]
1554 (Nov) "Thomas Mytton "George Leigh[2]
1555 "Reginald Corbet "Nicholas Purcell[2]
1558 "Nicholas Purcell "George Leigh[2]
1558/9 "Robert Ireland "George Leigh[3]
1562/3 "Robert Ireland "Richard Purcell [3]
1571 "George Leigh "Robert Ireland [3]
1572 (Apr) "Richard Purcell "George Leigh, died
and replaced January 1581 by
"Philip Sidney [3]
1584 (Nov) "Thomas Owen "Richard Barker [3]
1586 (Oct) Reginald Scriven "Thomas Harris [3]
1588 (Oct) Reginald Scriven "Andrew Newport [3]
1593 Reginald Scriven Robert Wright [3]
1597 Reginald Scriven "Roger Owen [3]
1601 (Oct) Reginald Scriven "John Barker [3]
1604 "Richard Barker "Francis Tate
1614 Lewis Prowde "Francis Berkeley
1621 "Sir Richard Newport "Francis Berkeley
1624 "Francis Berkeley "Thomas Owen
1625 Sir William Owen "Thomas Owen
1626 Sir William Owen "Thomas Owen
1628 Sir William Owen "Thomas Owen
1629–1640 No Parliaments summoned
1640 (Apr) "Francis Newport "Thomas Owen
1640 (Nov) "Francis Newport "William Spurstow
1645 Thomas Hunt William Massam
1648 Thomas Hunt William Massam
1653 Shrewsbury not represented in Barebones Parliament
1654 Richard Cheshire "Humphrey Mackworth
1656 "Samuel Jones "Humphrey Mackworth
1658 William Jones "Humphrey Mackworth

MPs 1660–1885[edit]

Election First member[4] First party Second member[4] Second party
1660 "Samuel Jones "Thomas Jones
1661 Robert Leighton
1677 "Sir Richard Corbet
1679 Edward Kynaston
1685 Sir Francis Edwardes, 1st Baronet
1689 "Hon. Andrew Newport "Tory
1690 Richard Mytton
1694 John Kynaston
1698 Richard Mytton
1709 vacant Sir Edward Leighton
January 1710 Thomas Jones
"October 1710 Edward Cressett Richard Mytton
"1713 Thomas Jones
1714 Corbet Kynaston
"February 1715 Thomas Jones
November 1715 "Andrew Corbet
"1722 Richard Lyster
1723 Sir Richard Corbet "Orlando Bridgeman
"1727 Richard Lyster "Sir John Astley
"1734 William Kinaston Sir Richard Corbet
1749 by-election Thomas Hill
"1754 "Robert More
"1761 "Robert Clive "Tory
"1768 "Noel Hill
"1774[5] "Charlton Leighton "Tory
March 8, 1775[5] "William Pulteney "Whig
March 17, 1775 "John Corbet "Tory
"1780 "Sir Charlton Leighton "Tory
1784 by-election John Hill "Tory
"1796 "William Hill "Tory
1805 by-election John Hill "Tory
"1806 "Henry Grey Bennet "Whig
"1807 "Thomas Jones "Tory
1811 by-election "Henry Grey Bennet "Whig
"1812 "Sir Rowland Hill "Tory
1814 by-election Richard Lyster "Tory
1819 by-election "John Mytton "Tory
"1820 "Panton Corbett "Tory
"1826 "Robert Aglionby Slaney "Whig
"1830 "Richard Jenkins "Tory
"1832 "Sir John Hanmer "Tory
1834 "Conservative
"1835 John Cressett-Pelham "Conservative
"1837 "Richard Jenkins "Conservative "Robert Aglionby Slaney "Liberal
"1841 "George Tomline "Conservative "Benjamin Disraeli "Conservative
"1847 "Edward Holmes Baldock "Conservative "Robert Aglionby Slaney "Liberal
"1852 "George Tomline "Liberal
"1857 "Robert Aglionby Slaney "Liberal
1862 by-election "Henry Robertson "Liberal
"1865 "William James Clement "Liberal
"1868 "James Figgins "Conservative
"1870 by-election "Douglas Straight "Conservative
"1874 "Charles Cecil Cotes "Liberal "Henry Robertson "Liberal
"1885 Representation reduced to one Member

MPs 1885–1918[edit]

Election Member Party
"1885 "James Watson "Conservative
"1892 Henry David Greene "Conservative
"1906 Sir Clement Lloyd Hill "Conservative
"1913 by-election George Butler Lloyd "Conservative
"1918 Borough abolished, name transferred to new county division

Shrewsbury division of Shropshire[edit]

MPs 1918–1983[edit]

Election Member Party
"1918 George Butler Lloyd "Coalition Conservative
"1922 "Dudley Ryder "Conservative
"1923 "Joseph Sunlight "Liberal
"1924 "Dudley Ryder "Conservative
"1929 "Arthur Duckworth "Conservative
"1945 Sir "John Langford-Holt "Conservative
"1983 constituency abolished: see "Shrewsbury and Atcham

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

"General Election 1880: Shrewsbury (2 seats)[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
"Liberal "Charles Cecil Cotes 1,945 27.7
"Liberal "Henry Robertson 1,884 26.8
"Conservative "Andrew Scoble[7] 1,622 23.1
"Conservative "Francis Needham 1,568 22.3
Majority 262 3.7
"Turnout 3,510 (est) 91.3 (est)
"Registered electors 3,846
"Liberal hold "Swing
"Liberal hold "Swing

Cotes was appointed a "Lord Commissioner of the Treasury, requiring a by-election.

"By-election, 5 Oct 1880: Shrewsbury (1 seat)[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
"Liberal "Charles Cecil Cotes Unopposed
"Liberal hold

Representation reduced to one Member

"General Election 1885: Shrewsbury [8][9][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
"Conservative "James Watson 2,244 59.7 +14.1
"Liberal Charles Waring 1,512 40.3 −14.2
Majority 732 19.4 N/A
"Turnout 3,756 90.9 −0.4 (est)
"Registered electors 4,131
"Conservative gain from "Liberal "Swing +14.2
"General Election 1886: Shrewsbury [8][9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
"Conservative "James Watson 1,826 59.0 -0.7
"Liberal Maurice Jones[11] 1,269 41.0 +0.7
Majority 557 18.0 -1.4
"Turnout 3,095 74.9 -16.0
"Registered electors 4,131
"Conservative hold "Swing -0.7

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

"General Election 1892: Shrewsbury [8][9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
"Conservative Henry David Greene 1,979 55.7 −3.3
"Liberal James Brend Batten 1,573 44.3 +3.3
Majority 406 11.4 −6.6
"Turnout 3,552 83.4 +8.5
"Registered electors 4,258
"Conservative hold "Swing +3.3
"General Election 1895: Shrewsbury [8][9][12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
"Conservative Henry David Greene Unopposed
"Conservative hold

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

"General Election 1900: Shrewsbury [8][9][13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
"Conservative Henry David Greene Unopposed
"Conservative hold
""
""
Hemmerde
"General Election 1906: Shrewsbury [8][9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
"Conservative Clement Lloyd Hill 2,395 55.1 N/A
"Liberal "Edward Hemmerde 1,955 44.9 N/A
Majority 440 10.2 N/A
"Turnout 4,350 92.4 N/A
"Registered electors 4,709
"Conservative hold "Swing N/A

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

"General Election January 1910: Shrewsbury [8][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
"Conservative Clement Lloyd Hill 2,596 56.6 +1.5
"Liberal John Harworth Whitworth 1,994 43.4 −1.5
Majority 602 13.2 +3.0
"Turnout 4,590 94.0 +1.6
"Registered electors 4,882
"Conservative hold "Swing +1.5
"General Election December 1910: Shrewsbury [8][15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
"Conservative Clement Lloyd Hill 2,423 56.6 +0.0
"Lib-Lab Thomas Pace 1,855 43.4 +0.0
Majority 568 13.2 +0.0
"Turnout 4,278 87.6 −6.4
"Registered electors 4,882
"Conservative hold "Swing +0.0
"Shrewsbury by-election, 1913
Party Candidate Votes % ±
"Unionist George Butler Lloyd 2,412 58.3 +1.7
"Independent Liberal James Robert Morris 1,727 41.7 N/A
Majority 685 16.6 +3.4
"Turnout 4,139 81.0 −6.6
"Registered electors 5,107
"Unionist hold "Swing N/A

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

"General Election 1918: Shrewsbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C "Unionist George Butler Lloyd 9,826 63.9 +7.3
"Labour Arthur Taylor 5,542 36.1 N/A
Majority 4,284 27.8 +14.6
"Turnout 15,368 60.4 −27.2
"Registered electors 25,459
"Unionist hold "Swing N/A
C indicates "candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

"General Election 1922: Shrewsbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
"Unionist "Dudley Ryder 10,999 53.9
"Liberal "Joseph Sunlight 9,401 46.1 n/a
Majority 1,598 7.8
"Turnout 20,400
"Unionist hold "Swing n/a
"General Election 1923: Shrewsbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
"Liberal "Joseph Sunlight 11,097 51.3 +5.2
"Unionist "Dudley Ryder 10,548 48.7 -5.2
Majority 549 2.6 10.4
"Turnout 21,645
"Liberal gain from "Unionist "Swing +5.2
"General Election 1924: Shrewsbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
"Unionist "Dudley Ryder 13,220 55.6 +6.9
"Liberal "Joseph Sunlight 8,945 37.6 -13.7
"Labour David Baxter Lawley 1,614 6.8 n/a
Majority 4,275 18.0 20.6
"Turnout 23,779
"Unionist gain from "Liberal "Swing +10.3
"General Election 1929: Shrewsbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±
"Unionist "Arthur Duckworth 14,586 48.6 -7.0
"Liberal "Joseph Sunlight 11,794 39.3 +1.7
"Labour A A Beach 3,662 12.2 +5.4
Majority 2,792 9.3
"Turnout
"Unionist hold "Swing -4.4

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

"General Election 1931
Party Candidate Votes % ±
"Conservative "Arthur Duckworth 18,505 60.8
"Liberal "Elizabeth Morgan 9,358 30.8
"Labour Edward Porter 2,567 8.4
Majority 9,147 30.1
"Turnout 30,430 82.7
"Conservative hold "Swing
"General Election 1935
Party Candidate Votes % ±
"Conservative "Arthur Duckworth 18,401 65.7
"Labour "Cecil Poole 9,606 34.3
Majority 8,795 31.4
"Turnout 28,007 74.2
"Conservative hold "Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1939/40:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;

The outbreak of "World War II in September 1939 caused general elections to be suspended until 1945.

"General Election 1945
Party Candidate Votes % ±
"Conservative "John Langford-Holt 15,174 44.4
"Labour S N Chapman 10,580 31.0
"Liberal "Arthur Comyns Carr 8,412 24.6
Majority 4,594 13.4
"Turnout 73.0
"Conservative hold "Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

"General Election 1950: Shrewsbury[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
"Conservative "John Langford-Holt 18,470 49.7
"Labour "Robert Cant 12,542 33.8
"Liberal Norman Elliott 6,126 16.5
Majority 5,928 15.9
"Turnout 83.9
"Conservative hold "Swing
"General Election 1951: Shrewsbury[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
"Conservative "John Langford-Holt 21,503 59.3
"Labour "Robert Cant 14,735 40.7
Majority 6,768 18.6
"Turnout 80.7
"Conservative hold "Swing
"General Election 1955: Shrewsbury[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
"Conservative "John Langford-Holt 21,319 60.8 +1.5
"Labour Geoffrey Allen 13,726 39.2 –1.5
Majority 7,593 21.7
"Turnout 35,045 77.5
"Conservative hold "Swing
"General Election 1959: Shrewsbury[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
"Conservative "John Langford-Holt 19,970 53.0 –7.8
"Labour Kenneth V Russell 11,338 30.1 –9.1
"Liberal Harold Shaw 6,387 16.9 N/A
Majority 8,632 22.9
"Turnout 37,695 80.5
"Conservative hold "Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

"General Election 1964: Shrewsbury[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
"Conservative "John Langford-Holt 18,517 48.3 –4.7
"Labour James O Murphy 12,658 33.0 +2.9
"Liberal Geoffrey Keith Roberts 7,180 18.7 +1.8
Majority 5,859 15.3
"Turnout 38,355 78.2
"Conservative hold "Swing
"General Election 1966: Shrewsbury[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
"Conservative "John Langford-Holt 17,569 45.2 –3.1
"Labour Thomas S Pritchard 14,603 37.6 +4.6
"Liberal William Marsh 6,660 17.2 –1.5
Majority 2,966 7.6
"Turnout 38,832 76.5
"Conservative hold "Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

"General Election 1970: Shrewsbury[26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
"Conservative "John Langford-Holt 22,619 53.9 +8.7
"Labour Peter A Kent 13,413 31.9 –5.7
"Liberal Ian R Brodie 5,960 14.2 –3.0
Majority 9,206 22.0
"Turnout 41,992 73.1
"Conservative hold "Swing
"General Election February 1974: Shrewsbury[27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
"Conservative "John Langford-Holt 21,095 44.4 –9.5
"Liberal William Marsh 14,914 31.4 +17.2
"Labour D.W. Woodvine 11,536 24.3 –7.6
Majority 6,181 13.0
"Turnout 47,545 79.8
"Conservative hold "Swing
"General Election October 1974: Shrewsbury[28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
"Conservative "John Langford-Holt 19,064 43.1 –1.3
"Liberal William Marsh 13,642 30.9 –0.5
"Labour D.W. Woodvine 11,504 26.0 +1.7
Majority 5,422 12.3
"Turnout 44,210 73.4
"Conservative hold "Swing
"General Election 1979: Shrewsbury[29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
"Conservative "John Langford-Holt 23,548 48.6 +5.5
"Liberal A. Laurie 13,364 27.6 –3.3
"Labour J. Bishton 11,558 23.9 –2.1
Majority 10,184 21.0
"Turnout 48,470 76.7
"Conservative hold "Swing

References[edit]

Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. "ISBN "0-900178-06-X.

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-10-03. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-10-03. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-10-03. 
  4. ^ a b Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 3)
  5. ^ a b The result of the 1774 general election was the subject of a petition. The election of "Charlton Leighton was overturned in favour of "William Pulteney
  6. ^ a b "Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. "ISBN "978-1-349-02349-3. 
  7. ^ "The Campaign in Shrewsbury". Wellington Journal. 20 March 1880. p. 5. Retrieved 10 December 2017 – via "British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. p. 188. "ISBN "9781349022984. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  10. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
  11. ^ "Shrewsbury Borough Election". Eddowes's Journal, and General Advertiser for Shropshire, and the Principality of Wales. 7 July 1886. p. 6. Retrieved 10 December 2017 – via "British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  12. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  13. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  14. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  15. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  16. ^ "The Representation of Shrewsbury - Mr Butler Lloyd to Retire at the Next Election - Parliamentary Unionist Candidate Adopted". Shrewsbury Chronicle. 27 February 1914. p. 2. 
  17. ^ Lloyd, later 1st Baron Lloyd of Dolobran, who was unrelated to George Butler Lloyd, was unavailable to stand at the 1918 General Election, being same month appointed Governor of Bengal.
  18. ^ The Liberal Magazine, 1939
  19. ^ Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939
  20. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1950-1973 by FWS Craig
  21. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1950-1973 by FWS Craig
  22. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1950-1973 by FWS Craig
  23. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1973
  24. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1973
  25. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1950-1973 by FWS Craig
  26. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1950-1973 by FWS Craig
  27. ^ http://www.politicsresources.net/area/uk/ge74a/i18.htm UK General Election results February 1974
  28. ^ http://www.politicsresources.net/area/uk/ge74b/i18.htm UK General Election results October 1974
  29. ^ http://www.politicsresources.net/area/uk/ge79/i18.htm UK General Election results May 1979

Sources[edit]

See also[edit]

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