|Siehe zu, daß deine Gottesfurcht nicht Heuchelei sei
|"Church cantata by "J. S. Bach|
Fresco of "Pharisee and tax collector
|Occasion||Eleventh Sunday after "Trinity|
|Performed||8 August 1723"Leipzig:|
|Chorale||by Christoph Tietze|
|Vocal||"SATB choir and solo|
"Johann Sebastian Bach composed the "church cantata Siehe zu, daß deine Gottesfurcht nicht Heuchelei sei (See to it, that your fear of God be not hypocrisy), BWV 179,[a] in "Leipzig for the eleventh Sunday after "Trinity and first performed it on 8 August 1723.
Bach composed the cantata in his first year in Leipzig, which he had started after Trinity of 1723, for the "Eleventh Sunday after Trinity. The prescribed readings for the Sunday were from the "First Epistle to the Corinthians, on the gospel of Christ and "Paul's duty as an apostle (1 Corinthians 15:1–10), and from the "Gospel of Luke, the parable of the "Pharisee and the Tax Collector (Luke 18:9–14). The unknown poet stayed close to the gospel and alluded to several "Bible passages. The cantata is opened by a line from Wisdom of Sirach 1:29. the closing "chorale is the first "stanza of Christoph Tietze's "hymn "Ich armer Mensch, ich armer Sünder" (1663).
The cantata in six "movements is scored for "soprano, "tenor and "bass soloists, a "four-part choir, and a "Baroque instrumental ensemble of two "oboes da caccia, two "violins, "viola, and "basso continuo.
In the opening chorus the instruments go with the voices as in a "motet. The words are set in a strict "counter-fugue: each entrance is followed by an entrance in "inversion. The sequence is concluded by a canonic imitation on a new theme: in the words und diene Gott nicht mit einem falschen Herzen (and do not serve God with a false heart) the falseness is expressed by "chromatic. A second expanded fugue presents even more complex "counterpoint than the first.
A "secco recitative prepares the aria with an accompaniment of the two oboe da caccia and violin I in "syncopation, which even the tenor voice picks up in the first part. It is not a "da capo aria, as only the "ritornello repeats the beginning. The final words of the second recitative end like an "arioso to stress So kannst du Gnad und Hilfe finden! (so that you can find mercy and aid). The soprano aria expresses like a prayer Liebster Gott, erbarme dich (Beloved God, have mercy). The two oboes da caccia illustrate a movement of supplication even together with the soprano voice.
Bach used the music of the opening chorus again for the "Kyrie of his "Missa in G major, the first aria for the Quoniam of that mass, and the second aria for the Qui tollis of the "Missa in A major.