|Singet dem Herrn ein neues Lied
|"Church cantata by "J. S. Bach|
|Related||base for "BWV 190a|
|Occasion||"New Year's Day|
|Performed||1 January 1724"Leipzig:|
Singet dem Herrn ein neues Lied (Sing a new song to the Lord), BWV 190,[a] is a "church cantata by "Johann Sebastian Bach. He wrote it in "Leipzig for the "New Year's Day and first performed it on 1 January 1724 as part of his "first cantata cycle. He adapted it in 1730 to "Singet dem Herrn ein neues Lied, BWV 190a, for the celebration of the bicentennial of the "Augsburg Confession.
Bach wrote the cantata in 1723, his first year as "Thomaskantor in "Leipzig, for "New Year's Day, which is also the "Feast of the Circumcision of Christ. The prescribed readings for the feast day were from the "Epistle to the Galatians, by faith we inherit (Galatians 3:23–29), and from the "Gospel of Luke, the "circumcision and naming of Jesus eight days after his birth (Luke 2:21). The unknown poet, possibly "Picander, refers only in a general way to the readings: he mentions the naming at the end of movement 4, "Jesu Namen" (name of Jesus), and he starts every line in the following aria with "Jesus". Otherwise the text stresses praise and thanks for the gifts of the past and prayer for further blessings. The poet compiled for the opening chorus three verses from "Psalms, Psalms 149:1 and Psalms 150:4,6, and in between the first two lines of "Martin Luther's "Deutsches Tedeum" (German "Te Deum) ""Herr Gott, dich loben wir" (Lord God, Thee we praise). The words from the "Te Deum" appear again in the second movement, interspersed by "recitative. The closing "chorale is the second stanza of "Johannes Hermann's "Jesu, nun sei gepreiset" (1591).
Bach first performed the cantata on 1 January 1724. He performed it again in the second half of the 1730s. Probably in Bach's revision process, parts of the original music got lost: for the first two movements only the vocal parts and the violin parts survived. Reconstruction of the missing parts was attempted by Bernhard Todt (1904), Walther Reinhart (1948), Olivier Alain (1971), "Diethard Hellmann (1995), "Ton Koopman and "Levente Gyöngyösi.
The cantata in seven movements is festively scored for "alto, "tenor and "bass soloists, a "four-part choir, three "trumpets, "timpani, three "oboes, "oboe d'amore, two "violins, "viola, and "basso continuo including "bassoon. The instrumentation is known from the extant closing chorale, although most parts for the first movements are lost.
The opening chorus on three psalm verses and two lines from Luther's "Tedeum" is a complex architecture in three sections. A concerto Singet dem Herrn is concluded by the liturgical melody of "Herr Gott, dich loben wir" in "unison, a choral "fugue "Alles was Odem hat" (Everything that has breath) is concluded by a similar "Herr Gott, wir danken dir", the final section Halleluja is a shortened reprise of the first.
In movement 2 the liturgical melody is set four-part and interrupted by recitatives. The following alto aria is dance-like and simple, the duet is accompanied by an "obbligato instrument which may be oboe d'amore or violin. Gardiner tried both, but then chose a "viola d'amore instead. Neither movement has a "da capo. The strings intensify the prayer of the last recitative. The choir of trumpets marks the ending of every line in the closing chorale.